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In Memoriam - Evans Breckenridge Steele, Upcoming Events

The War Between the States offers infinite opportunities for
those  with  even  the most casual interest in the period to
uncover  facts  that  are  often  surprising  as   well   as
fascinating.   All  too  often however, we who study the War
get caught up in  our  own  particular  areas  of  interest,
thereby  overlooking  intriguing  occurrences  that are well
deserving of our attention.  I, for example, have a penchant
for  strategy and tactics.  On more than one occasion I have
been chastised by my lovely wife for walking a battlefield a
dozen  times,  each  time  in  the  footsteps of a different
participant.  On  the  other  hand,  our  incomparable  past
Commander, Chuck Walton, had little concern for strategy and
tactics preferring to focus on the plight  of  the  civilian
population and the War's “human elements.”                  

The possibilities for enlightenment are limitless if we will
but “broaden our search,”  even  momentarily,  and  consider
aspects  of  the War not normally our own.  In this endeavor
we are indeed fortunate to be within easy reach of  what  is
without  question  the finest repository of period artifacts
and  memorabilia  in  the  world,  displayed  with  unbiased
historical  accuracy  in  an  almost  magical setting.  That
place is Richmond's Museum of the Confederacy.   Anyone  who
fails  to  take  advantage  of  this unparalleled historical
resource does a disservice not only to himself but to future
generations.  Therefore, it is in honor of our ancestors and
in the spirit of historical enlightenment that I  offer  the
following  less-known facts in hopes that we will all take a
moment to place the War in a  larger  context  and  make  an
effort  not  to  limit  ourselves  in  the study of its many
facets.  By educating  ourselves,  we  are  better  able  to
educate  others in the true history of the South that is our

1.  25 year old Sam Clemens enlisted  in  a  pro-Confederate
Unit  in  his native Missouri.  It took only a few weeks for
him to decide that he had no taste for  war.   Adopting  the
alias Mark Twain, he left the military and became one of the
most famous authors in American history.                    

2.  Confederate General Nathan Bedford Forrest made  history
in  Dec.  of 1862 when his troops captured a female civilian
at Holly  Springs,  Mississippi.   It  was  then  that  Mrs.
Ulysses  S.  Grant became his prisoner-of-war; the only wife
of  a  Union  major  general  ever  to  enjoy  that  dubious
distinction.   Once identified, she was immediately escorted
through the lines and safely reunited with her husband.     

3.  The Gray Ghost, John S.  Mosby, once  spent  the  better
part  of  an evening in a tree clad only in his underwear as
Union troops searched his Warrenton, Va.   home  in  a  vain
attempt  to  capture  him.   After  the Federals left, Mosby
calmly climbed back inside and went back  to  bed  with  his

4.   Officers  of  the 26th NC began to notice that Privates
Sam and Keith Blalock seemed  to  have  an  unusually  close
relationship even for brothers.  But it was months before it
was discovered that Keith's brother Sam was actually Keith's
wife Melinda, who had decided to go to war with her husband.

5.   The  Federal  Draft Act brought on bloody rioting in NY
which  lasted  for  three  days  and  produced   over   2000

6.   Federal ordnance experts claimed that Union musket fire
was so inaccurate, that for each Confederate  soldier  shot,
Union  forces  had  to  expend  240 pounds of powder and 900
pounds of lead.                                             

7.  The Union declined to issue Spencer repeating rifles  at
the  outbreak of the war for fear that Northern troops would
fire too fast and waste ammunition.                         

8.  19 year old Confederate Capt.  Richard  Dowling  of  the
Davis  Guards  with  only  43  men drove off a Federal fleet
attempting to land 15,000 troops at Sabine  Pass,  Texas  in
Sept.   1863.   The  Confederates sank one gunboat, captured
two others, took 400  prisoners  and  forced  the  fleet  to
retreat.  Capt.  Dowling did not lose a man.                

9.  Confederate Capt.  S.  I.  Guillet was fatally shot from
the same horse on which three of his brothers had previously
been killed.                                                

10.   When  a  Confederate  invasion  of  Washington, DC was
expected, field artillery guns were placed in  the  hallways
of the Capitol and Treasury buildings.                      

11.   Confederate Gen.  Nathan Bedford Forrest had 29 horses
shot from under him during the course of the War.           

12.  Before the War, Jesse Grant, father of U.   S.   Grant,
lived, worked and socialized with a family named Brown whose
son John would later lead the raid on Harpers Ferry.        

13.   Chimborazo  Hospital  in  Richmond  was  the   largest
military hospital ever built in the Western Hemisphere.     

14.   Four  of  Abe  Lincoln's  brothers-in-law  served  the
Confederacy and one was  charged  with  brutality  to  Union
prisoners in Richmond.                                      

15.   Union  Col.  D.  H.  Dulaney was captured behind Union
lines by John Mosby.  Mosby's guide was French Dulaney,  the
victim's son.                                               

16.   Maj.   H.  B.  McClellan, JEB Stuart's Chief of Staff,
was first cousin to Union Gen.  George McClellan.           

17.  Laura Jackson, sister of Stonewall, was a staunch Union
sympathizer  and once stated that she could care for wounded
Federals as fast as her brother could shoot them.           

18.  Prior to the War, Union Gen.  Benjamin  “Beast”  Butler
unsuccessfully  led the movement to nominate Jefferson Davis
for the Presidency of the United States.                    

19.  Foremost among its wartime exploits, the 7th TENN  Reg.
CSA  captured  the  entire  7th  TENN  Reg.   USA, soldiers,
drummers, cooks, and all.                                   

There are many opportunities to speculate on the  “what-ifs”
of the War, but one of the most interesting involved John S.
Mosby.  In the Spring of 1864, Mosby and a contingent of his
“irregulars”  sighted  a  force  of  Union  cavalry  west of
Centerville, Va., near the Orange and  Alexandria  Railroad.
Surprised  by the sudden appearance of Southern horsemen and
panicked by the realization that it was  the  dreaded  “Gray
Ghost”, the Federals were off at a dead run with Mosby close
behind.  The Yankees headed  directly  for  the  station  at
Warrenton  Junction.  The woods bordering the tracks offered
some protection and the possibility (slim though it was)  of
escape.   As  the  Federals  crossed  the tracks and plunged
headlong into the forest with Mosby in hot pursuit, a  plume
of  smoke  signaled  the approach of a westbound train.  Had
Mosby  noticed  the  now  visible  train,  he   would   have
undoubtedly  allowed the Union cavalry to escape in favor of
the greater prize.  And what a prize it would have been, for
this  was  no  ordinary train and its passengers no ordinary
travelers.  This was a special transport  without  a  guard,
carrying  none  other  than the newly appointed commander of
the Army of the Potomac Ulysses S.  Grant and members of his
staff,  including Gen.  George Armstrong Custer, back to the
front lines from a strategy session with  President  Lincoln
in  Washington.   Had  Grant's  train  arrived  at Warrenton
Junction just moments earlier, the course of the  War  could
have been decidedly altered.                                

When Grant and Mosby  met  face-to-face  in  1872,  the  now
President Grant immediately began telling the Gray Ghost how
he nearly became Mosby's prisoner.   Mosby  replied  with  a
smile,  “If  I  had (captured your train), things might have
been changed - I might have been in the White House and  you
might be calling on me.”                                    

DEO VINDICE.					Harry

Longstreet  continues   to   grow.    Certified   membership
applications have been sent to Headquarters for Robert Bruce
Johnson and Ron T.  Smith, who were introduced to  our  Camp
by  their  friends  Earl  Carwile  and  Mike  Kidd.   George
Franklin Gouldman, great grandfather of Compatriot  Johnson,
was a private in Company H of the 47th Virginia Infantry. B.
W.  Smith, great  great  grandfather  of  Compatriot  Smith,
served  as  a  private  in  Company  E of the First Virginia

Transferring to our  Camp  is  S.   Waite  Rawls,  III,  new
Executive Director of the Museum of the Confederacy. Waite's
great grandfather Robert Rawls served in the  41st  Virginia
Infantry.   Waite  has  an excellent article entitled “Three
Visits to the  Wilderness”  in  the  Spring  2004  issue  of
Hallowed  Ground, the magazine of the Civil War Preservation

Battlefield  preservation  has  benefited  by   our   Camp's
donations  to  several  preservation organizations of monies
received  from  Ukrop's  for  its  Golden  Gift  certificate
program.   Please  give  your certificates to the Longstreet
Camp if you feel so inclined.                               

Preparing reports for the Virginia Division  adjutant  which
are  necessary  for  our  Camp to be eligible to vote at the
Virginia  Division  Convention  reveals   some   interesting
information.   Each of the seven new members who have joined
since last July 1 was brought to our  Camp  by  a  different
existing  member.   Five  members  have transferred into our
Camp, several because of friends in the  Camp,  and  several
because   of  our  Camp's  reputation.   One  former  member
rejoined us.                                                

Death claimed the lives of two  of  our  members,  the  most
recent  being Evans Breckenridge Steele, descendant of Major
General  (and  later   Secretary   of   War)   John   Cabell
Breckenridge.   Evans  had  been  a member of Longstreet for
approximately 20  years.   Immediate  Past  Commander  Chuck
Walton passed last July.                                    

Former  Virginia  Division  Commanders Red Barbour and Henry
Kidd and I were recently invited to a  presentation  at  the
Tredegar  National  Civil  War Center by President Alex Wise
and Director of Museum Services Doug Harvey.  Alex and  Doug
welcomed  our suggestions and comments.  It was rewarding to
be asked for our opinions.  The Center has a  noble  aim  in
trying   to   present   The   War   from  several  different
perspectives, which may well cause it  to  be  caught  in  a
cross   fire  from  partisans.   The  Center  is  a  private
organization and should not  be  confused  with  the  nearby
National Park Service Richmond Battlefields Visitors Center.

The Tredegar Center, along with the University of Richmond's
Jepson  Leadership  School  and  Leadership  Metro Richmond,
recently  presented  a  program  at  the  University   about
leadership  in  crisis,  featuring  three history professors
speaking about Lincoln, Frederick  Douglass,  and  Jefferson
Davis.   After  alluding  to  several  aspects  of Lincoln's
greatness, Michael F.  Holt of the  University  of  Virginia
opined  that  from the time of his election in November 1860
until Fort Sumter was fired on in April 1861 Lincoln  placed
a  higher  value on the welfare of the Republican Party than
he did on the welfare of the nation, making  no  attempt  to
reach  out  to  the  border  states  which, unlike the lower
seven, had not seceded.  David Blight of  Yale  pointed  out
that  Douglass had no power base at all and had to exert his
influence by spiritual, intellectual and moral means,  using
powerful language as a speaker and as an orator.  Dr. Blight
did not sugar coat Douglass, mentioning that  he  wanted  to
cut the throats of slave owners.  William J.  Cooper, Jr. of
Louisiana  State   said   that   Davis   had   the   primary
responsibility  for  creating  a  nation  and faced a crisis
every single day that he was  in  office.   Dr.   Cooper  is
author of the acclaimed Jefferson Davis, American, published
in 2000.  Ample time was  allowed  for  questions  from  the
audience, which added to the quality of the program.  It was
a pleasure to hear speakers give  balanced  views  of  these
prominent  Americans  of  the  era  of  The War for Southern
Independence without resorting to either hero worship or  to
				Walter Tucker

In Memoriam
Evans Breckenridge Steele

Evans Breckenridge Steele

Evans Breckenridge Steele, Sr., beloved husband, father  and
grandfather,  passed away on February 22, 2004, after a long
and valiant battle against cancer.                          

He is survived by his wife,  Anne  Popek  Steele,  his  son,
Evans  Breckenridge  Steele, Jr., his daughter, Mrs.  Mollie
Steele Merna and her husband, John, of  Virginia  Beach  and
two beautiful grandchildren, Meredith and Elizabeth.        

A  veteran  of  World  War  II,  having served in the United
States Navy on board the battleship USS Iowa and the cruiser
USS  Columbus, Evans was active in the veterans associations
of both ships.                                              

He was a Compatriot of Longstreet Camp for  over  20  years,
was  also  a longtime member and immediate Past President of
the Richmond Chapter of the Virginia Society,  Sons  of  the
American Revolution and a member of The Society of 1812.    

Our sympathy goes out to his wife, Anne, and family.         

Under the wide and starry sky,
Dig the grave and let me lie.
Gladly did I live and gladly die,
And I laid me down with a will.

This be the verse you grave for me:
Here he lies where he longed to be;
Home is the sailor, home from sea,
And the hunter home from the hill.
			Robert Louis Stevenson




The speaker for this month will be James L.  Hutton III.  He
will  be  speaking  on  the  psychological experience of the
southern male before and after the war.   He  is  a  Jungian
analyst and an Episcopalian Priest.                         

This  should  be  a  rather  interesting presentation and is
about a subject which, as far  as  we  know,  has  not  been
covered  by  any  speaker  that  has addressed our Camp.  In
fact, your editor cannot recall that the  subject  has  ever
been addressed before in our area of Virginia.              

Please  be sure to attend.  It will be enlightening to learn
about the state of mind of our ancestors during this  period
of our history.                                             


The following is a cumulative listing of contributors to the
upkeep  of  “The  Old  War  Horse” for the period July, 2003
through the current month.                                  

Ben Baird
Lloyd Brooks
Richard Campbell
Gene Carty
Earl Carwile
Phil Cheatham
Brian Cowardin
Gary Cowardin*
Taylor Cowardin
Lee Crenshaw
Raymond Crews*
John Deacon
Jerold Evans
Shirley Ferguson†
David George
David Harris
Pat Hoggar
Jack Kane
Michael Kidd*
Roger Kirby
Frank Marks
Lewis Mills*
Joe Moschetti*
John Moschetti*
Preston Nuttall
Ken Parsons
Rufus Sarvay*
Wally Scott
Bill Setzer
John Shumadine
Austin Thomas
Walter Tucker*
John Vial*
Patricia Walton††
David Ware
Jerry Wells§
Harold Whitmore
Hugh Williams
Bobby Williams*

* - Multiple contributions
† - In Memoriam- Commander “Hef” Ferguson
††- In Memoriam- Commander “Chuck Walton”
§ - Visitor Donation

From July to date, 61% of our members have made  a  donation
to the upkeep and well-being of “The Old War Horse!!” Thanks
to all of you for your help.                                

2003- 2004 CAMP OFFICERS LONGSTREET CAMP #1247 Commander: Harry Boyd 741-2060 1st. Lt. Cmdr.: Taylor Cowardin 356-9625 2nd Lt. Cmdr.: Michael Kidd 270-9651 Adjutant/Treasurer: Walter Tucker 360-7247 Quartermaster: R. Preston Nuttall 276-8977 Chaplain: Henry V. Langford 340-8048


Col. Taylor

Colonel Thomas C.  Taylor USMC (Ret), Executive Director  of
Stratford  Hall,  gave  a  most interesting talk with slides
about this historic landmark and its connection with the Lee

Thomas Lee, of the third generation of Lees in the colony of
Virginia, bought this beautiful acreage on the Potomac River
known  as  the “Clifts'” in 1717.  He married Hannah Ludwell
in 1722.  Thomas renamed the property Stratford,  after  his
grandfather's   estate  in  England.   Construction  of  the
present home began in 1738.  Some described the unique home,
with  its  eight  chimneys,  as the most elegant in colonial

Upon the death of Thomas in 1750, the property passed to his
eldest  son  Philip  Ludwell  Lee.   Philip  was a leader in
politics and expanded the plantation.  He  was  not  popular
with his siblings.  After a “decent interval” after Philip's
death in 1775, his widow Elizabeth married again  and  moved
to  Alexandria.   Title  to  Stratford  passed  to  Matilda,
Philip's oldest daughter.                                   

The younger brothers of Philip were  referred  to  as  “that
intrepid band of brothers” by John Adams.  Richard Henry Lee
was the author of the Westmoreland Resolves, a precursor  of
the  Declaration of Independence.  Francis Lightfoot Lee was
a behind the  scenes  operator.   They  were  the  only  two
brothers who signed the Declaration of Independence.        

Henry  “Light  Horse  Harry”  Lee,  III married Matilda Lee.
Because of Light Horse Harry's inability to manage financial
affairs,  he  never  had  full  access  to Stratford.  After
Matilda's death he married Ann Hill Carter.  They became the
parents  of Robert E.  Lee.  The family moved to Alexandria.
Light Horse Harry spent two years in  Westmoreland  County's
debtors prison and later fled to Barbados.                  

Title  to  Stratford  passed  to  Harry Lee IV, son of Light
Horse Harry and Matilda.  Harry IV was a failure morally and
financially.    He  was  involved  in  a  scandal  with  his
sister-in-law  Elizabeth.   He  became  destitute  and  sold
Stratford  to  William  C.   Somerville  to pay his mounting

Somerville died in 1826 in France at the home of  Lafayette.
Stratford  was sold at auction to satisfy a mortgage held by
Henry Storke of Westmoreland County.  Ironically,  his  wife
Elizabeth  McCarty  Storke was the sister-in-law of Harry IV
who had been dishonored by him.  Surviving Storke, Elizabeth
lived at Stratford for 50 years.  Stratford was then left to
her nephews, Charles  E.   and  Richard  H.   Stuart.   They
farmed the land, but the house fell into disrepair.         

Mrs.   Charles Lanier was the daughter in-law of Confederate
veteran  Sidney  Lanier,  considered   one   of   the   most
accomplished  poets of the American South in the latter half
of the 19th century.  Lanier was captured in 1864 and  spent
four  months  as  a  prisoner at the infamous Point Lookout.
Mrs.  Lanier became interested in Stratford and  decided  to
make it a shrine to Robert E.  Lee, organizing the Robert E.
Lee Memorial Association.                                   

Famed  architect  Fiske  Kimball  was  employed  to  oversee
restoration.  Overall his work was valuable, but some of the
things he did were his idea of how they should have been.   

The 1930's were a  time  of  rebuilding  Stratford.   Active
farming  occurred in the 1940's.  In the golden years of the
1950's and 1960's much period furniture was  acquired.   The
1990's  saw  a  massive preservation effort with emphasis on
facilities management.                                      

The goal of Stratford is to educate Americans about the home
and  about  the  illustrious Lee family, so important in our
nation's  history.   Facilities  are  now   in   place   for
organizations   to   hold  seminars  and  retreats  in  this
beautiful location.  Stratford is a valuable economic engine
in Westmoreland County, being the fourth largest employer.  

The  Board  of  Directors of Stratford consists of 40 ladies
from all over the country.  They come there several times  a
year for meetings.                                          

Colonel   Taylor's   talk  and  the  attractive  illustrated
Stratford handbooks he gave us will certainly  encourage  us
to  make  a  pilgrimage  to  this  American  landmark, whose
inhabitants played such significant roles in the history  of
our country.                                                


Young's Battery of the  Halifax  Light  Artillery  had  it's
genesis  as  an  infantry  unit,  serving as Co.  G, 14th VA
Infantry until transferred to the 1st Regiment, VA Artillery
on  May  1, 1862.  The unit survived several attempts by the
Confederate high command  to  have  it  disbanded,  with  an
official  "disbandment  order"  issued  in October 1862, but
that order was rescinded the same day.   The  Halifax  Light
Artillery  was  assigned  duty  in North Carolina on several
occasions and also served with  General  Longstreet  on  his
"Suffolk  Expedition"  which immediately followed the Battle
of  Gettysburg.   The  unit  served  with   distinction   at
Petersburg  on June 9 and 15, 1864, where it helped stop the
Union advance into the heart of the city after a  breach  in
the  famed  Dimmock Line allowed Federal Cavalry actually to
enter the city  limits.   Young's  Battery  was  praised  by
Confederate General Henry Wise in his Special Orders No.  11
for its effectiveness on June  9.   "To  the  troops  of  my
command  for  the defense of Petersburg...  I have, with the
approval  and  under  the  instructions  of  the  commanding
general,  to  offer  my  grateful  acknowledgement for their
gallant conduct and my congratulations upon their successful
repulse  of  the  enemy,  Sturdivant's, Graham's and Young's
Batteries, (which) drove back  the  insolent  foe.With  such
troops  as  all  have proven themselves, commanders may well
give assurance with confidence to the people of Petersburg."
Young's  Battery  remained  on  duty at Petersburg until the
unit was overrun when Union forces finally broke  the  lines
on  April  2,  1865  near  the  present  location of Pamplin
Historical Park.  Of the officers and men  who  served  with
the unit throughout the course of the War, only five members
reached Appomattox to be paroled  on  April  9,  1865.   The
remainder   were   killed   in  action,  taken  prisoner  at
Petersburg,  or  captured  in  hospitals  at   Richmond   or
Farmville.   We  salute  with  gratitude  and  reverence the
members of Young's Battery,  Halifax  Light  Artillery,  and
proudly   acknowledge  their  ancestors  who  carry  on  the
traditions of duty and honor that were so much a part of the
					Harry Boyd


MARCH 13 Defending the Southside: Civil War  Van  Tour  from
Lee  Hall  Mansion,  Newport  News,  8-5.   visits  to  Fort
Boykins, Fort Huger, Fort Powhatan and Drewry's  Bluff  with
John Quarstein and Michael Moore.  Cost: $45 per person. For
info: 757-888-3371 or                       

MARCH 20 Elizabeth Estilow lecture on the critical  role  of
Civil  War  Nurses  at Fort Ward Museum, Alexandria.  1 p.m.
Admission   $5.    Reservations   suggested.    For    info:

MARCH  20,  21  Civil War Reenactment at Endview Plantation,
Newport News.  10-4.  Battles,  children's  battle,  women's
lectures  &  events,  children's booths.  Admission $7.  For
info: 757-887-1862 or                      

APRIL 3 “In the Steps of Robert Sneden,” Civil War Van  Tour
from  Lee Hall Mansion, Newport News, 9-4.  Follows the path
of Union artist Robert Sneeden up the Peninsula visiting Ft.
Monroe,  St  John's  Church,  Big  Bethel,  Howard's Bridge,
Yorktown and Ft.  Magruder with Michael  Moore.   $35.   For
info: 757-888-3371 or                      

APRIL  3,4 Civil War Medicine at Endview Plantation, Newport
News, with historians & displays focusing on medicine of the
Civil  War era.  Included with regular admission.  For info:
757-887-1862 or                            

APRIL 3,4 32nd Annual Civil War Memorabilia, Relics,  Books,
Art   and  Antique  Weapons  Show  at  Dulles  Expo  Center,
Chantilly.   Saturday  9-5,  Sunday  10-2.    Sponsored   by
Northern Virginia Relic Hunters Assn.  For info:John Graham,
1056 N.  Pegram St., Alexandria, VA 22304, 703-823-1958     

APRIL  9-12  Interpretive  and   living   history   programs
observing  the  139th anniversary of surrender at Appomattox
Courthouse  National  Historical  Park.   For   information:
434-352-8987 or                  

APRIL 10-11 Living History, Men and Women of 1862 at Endview
Plantation,  Newport  News.   How  gender  roles  defined  a
generation  and changed during the War.  Included in regular
admission.  For info: 757-887-1862,        

APRIL 16-17 10th Biennial Symposium on Stonewall Jackson  at
The   Stonewall  Jackson  House,  Lexington.   Friday  night
keynote address by  Bill  Bergen.   Saturday  speakers  Gary
Gallagher,  Robert  K.   Krick,  Michael  Musick, Stephen L.
Ritchie, Dr.  James I.   Robertson,  Jr.   Saturday  evening
entertainment  by  Theatre  of  Lime Kiln.  Pre-registration
required by April 6.  For info, brochure: 540-463-2552.     



After passing the bucket around for chances on  the  monthly
meeting  drawing so professionally for so long.  our captive
Professional Engineer par excellence,  John  Reagan  Deacon,
finally won the draw himself !!!                            

Congratulations,  John,  we  knew  you  had it in you or the
bucket had you in  it  or  you  had  it  in  the  bucket  or

“In 1861 the Union Army  was  an  organization  of  recruits
learning  how  to  be  soldiers and do close order drill; by
1862 it was a group of soldiers learning how to be an  army;
by 1863 it was an army with a group of officers learning how
to run it and fight with it; and by 1864 it was probably the
best army the world had seen.  It is no historical slight to
the Confederacy to say that it, in contrast, started the war
with  a magnificent conglomerate of individuals and ended it
the same way; it was perhaps the world's greatest  “natural”
army, but it did not go through the evolution the Union Army
did, and since northern industrial society  represented  the
society  of  the  future, it is that evolution with which we
are here concerned.  While the Confederate Army  remained  a
group  of  highly  skilled  individualists,  the  Union Army
became a machine, a sentient, reasoning machine.            

Dating such a generalization is hazardous, but one might say
that   the   army   reached   that   stage   in   1863,   at
Chancellorsville and Chickamauga.  Ironically, both of these
battles  were  crushing  defeats  for  the Union, and D.  H.
Hill, a Confederate general, later said  that  the  Southern
soldier  never fought after Chickamauga as he had before it;
he still had all the old skill and doggedness, but his  élan
vital  was gone.  With a deep folk intuition, he knew he had
met something beyond his experience  and  that  he  was  not
going to win this war.                                      

What  he  had  met  was  a machine army; it still lacked the
directing   brain    that    could    handle    it-otherwise
Chancellorsville   and   Chickamauga  would  not  have  been
defeats-but what was significant was that  this  army  could
survive  these  defeats  and  not  panic or be routed beyond
recovery.  Probably no other army in the  world  could  have
done that.”                                                 

Excerpted from: Masters of the Art of Command
by Martin Blumenson and James L. Stokesbury,
Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston 1975



Come with the rifle so long in your keeping,
Clean the old gun up and hurry it forth;
Better to die while “Old Betsy” is speaking,
Than to live with arms folded, the slave of the North.

Hear ye the yelp of the North-wolf resounding,
Scenting the blood of the warm-hearted South;
Quick! or his villainous feet will be bounding
Where the gore of our maidens may drip from his mouth.

Oft in the wildwood “Old Bess” has relieved you,
When the fierce bear was cut down in his track-
If at that moment she never deceived you,
Trust her today with this ravenous pack.

Then, come, with the rifle so long in your keeping,
Clean the old girl up and hurry her forth;
Better to die while “Old Betsy “ is speaking,
Than live with arms folded, the slave of the North.


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©2004 James Longstreet Camp, #1247, SCV - Richmond, Virginia