ls-ls-nltr.jpg THE OLD WAR HORSE
VOLUME 6, ISSUE 5, May, 2004
SCV logo

Quick jump to some of the many articles:
Commander's Comments, Adjutant's Report, New Members, Next Program, Longstreet's First Corps,
Camp Officers, Last Program, Shades of Grey, News, Memorial to Chuck Walton, Calendar of Events

A battlefield during the War Between the States could  be  a
very  colorful  place,  and  countless writers of the period
described  the  "pageantry"  of  war.   As  the  Battle   of
Fredericksburg  got  underway,  even Robert E.  Lee, perched
atop the heights above the town observed, "It is well war is
so  terrible  lest  we  grow  too fond of it." Not only were
there countless flag designs and colors, but military attire
of  the  period was as equally diverse.  The War Between the
States was the last conflict that witnessed such varying and
colorful  uniforms.  The Indian Wars of the following period
were fought largely by regulars with "issue"  garments,  and
the Spanish American War, though employing a large number of
volunteers, saw little diversity.                           

Americans met their  requirements  for  militia  service  in
varying ways from the Colonial Period through the WBTS.  Many
men simply reported for drill  or  muster  wearing  whatever
clothing  they  had,  civilian,  military or combinations of
both.  Others formed companies or  smaller  units  and  held
frequent  drills,  parades,  balls  and  other social events
where they could display  their  elaborate  and  distinctive
uniforms.   Their  motivation  was  both  military  and  the
glamour that was associated with the  mystique  of  military
uniforms.    In   many   instances   membership   in   these
organizations imparted a social status similar to membership
in a very exclusive club.                                   

When  the  call  to  arms was issued in 1861, the volunteers
reported for duty  wearing  clothing  that  reflected  their
militia  requirements.  They wore either civilian clothes or
the most exotic of peacetime uniform.  The  Zouaves  are  an
example of one exotic uniform style adopted from abroad.  As
the War progressed both sides displayed fewer and  fewer  of
the   exotic   uniforms,   however  they  never  disappeared
completely.  As certain units  distinguished  themselves  in
battle,  their  unusual  uniforms  became  symbols  of their
exploits.   This  was  recognized  by  the   United   States
government when it continued to authorize the manufacture of
"non-regular"  uniforms  by  government  depots  or  private
contractors  with  the  requirement  that the cost would not
exceed that of the regulation issue garments.  If  the  cost
was  higher,  the  unit was permitted to have these uniforms
made if they would pay the  additional  cost.   These  units
were in the minority however, since most Federal units found
it more practical to  adopt  the  readily  accessible  issue
garments  when their original unique uniforms were no longer
serviceable.  In the Confederacy the situation  was  similar
with  the  additional  factors of cloth shortages and broken
lines of transportation.  Diversity grew where the situation
required utilization of every available material.           

During the early phases of the War both sides relied largely
upon the volunteer and militia companies which were  already
in  existence  prior  to the outbreak of hostilities.  These
units were regimented into battalions  for  active  service,
often  with  each  company wearing a different uniform.  The
Union Army had an existing set of Dress Regulations but  the
Confederacy  had to create its own.  As the Confederate Army
was based initially upon the local  volunteers  and  militia
whose  uniforms of "cadet gray" were popular for such troops
throughout  the  country,  the  South  wisely  decided   (as
specified  in the first Dress Regulations of September 1861)
to authorize gray as the standard for the  Southern  forces.
Union  regiments  which  were  also  dressed  in  gray  were
re-fitted  as  quickly  as  possible  in  order  to  prevent
confusion during combat.                                    

The  volunteer companies of both sides often clad themselves
in elaborate  and  quite  impractical  costumes  which  soon
became  modified  (officially  or  otherwise)  when  serious
campaigning  began.   Numerous  units  of  both  sides  were
dressed  in  ornate uniforms styled after the French Zouaves
and Chasseurs …  Pied,  elite  European  troops  which  were
emulated  North  and  South.   These uniforms were extremely
impractical and were soon modified, but many  units  elected
to  keep  these  distinctive  costumes whenever possible, no
matter how incongruous baggy Cossack  trousers  and  Arabian
turbans   might  appear  on  the  battlefields  of  America.

Chasseur … Pied
Chasseur a Pied

As military clothing gradually became more  functional  than
decorative   many   troops,   particularly  officers,  began
designing  their  own  uniforms,  some  assuming  an  almost
civilian  appearance  with  long overcoats, brightly colored
waistcoats  and  straw  hats  being  quite  popular.    Some
officers   like   Ulysses  S.   Grant,  achieved  an  almost
disreputable  appearance.   Grant  often   wore   a   shabby
private's  jacket  on  which General's bars were sewn, and a
battered felt hat.  An English  witness  to  the  Battle  of
Chattanooga  wrote  in amazement of how Grant was dressed in
"plain civilian's clothes.wearing nothing military about him
except a large opera glass.  Grant wore a black surtout with
black braid on and quite loose, black trousers and  a  black
wide-awake  hat  and thin Wellington boots.  General Hunter,
standing next to Grant, was similarly dressed,  except  that
his  black  wide-awake having gold cord around it but having
the brim turned down all round over  his  cadaverous  face."
The  appearance  of  General  Grant in stark contrast to the
immaculately clad Robert E.  Lee at Appomattox is legendary.

Other Generals like JEB Stuart and  George  Custer  designed
their own ornate uniforms.  General Custer, his uniform made
entirely of black  velvet  with  a  blue  sailor-collar  and
covered  with  "ludicrous  amounts  of gold braid," was once
described as "a circus  rider  gone  mad."  The  black  felt
campaign-hat  was a favorite of many officers both North and
South, but it soon lost its shape so that  many  had  to  be
"modified"  to fit properly.  Union General Ambrose Burnside
wore his hat with the crown "punched  up"  or  stuffed  with
various  materials  so  that  one  observer  described it as
"resembling a tall dunces' cap."  The  practice  of  wearing
civilian  clothes  was  naturally  confusing  and  sometimes
fatal.  At Logan's  Cross  Roads  in  the  Western  Theater,
Confederate  General  Felix Zollicoffer apparently mistook a
body of Federal troops for his own and rode up to  speak  to
their  commanding  officer.  Zollicoffer was wearing a white
raincoat so large that it completely covered his uniform and
it  was  only after several minutes of conversation that the
Union officer realized that he was conversing with the enemy
and shot the General dead.                                  

The  factor  which  brought about the most radical change in
the appearance of the uniforms of the  Confederacy  was  the
Union   naval   blockade  of  Southern  ports  which  caused
desperate  shortages  among  both  Southern  civilians   and
military.   By  the  mid-point of the War Confederate troops
were dressed in a mixture of what  few  regulation  uniforms
were  available,  much  captured  Union  clothing,  civilian
attire, and home-dyed uniforms which came to be known as the
famous  Southern  "butternut."  Supplies  of gray dye having
been exhausted, a crude  replacement  was  made  by  boiling
nutshells  and  iron  oxide (commonly known as rust).  Shoes
were improvised by nailing leather onto wooden soles,  using
horseshoes  as boot-irons, or as one Confederate wrote, "The
men get pieces  of  rawhide  from  the  butchers  and  after
wrapping  their  feet  up  in  old rags, sew the hide around
them.which they wear  until  it  wears  out."  Appropriating
clothing and equipment from battlefield dead was a repugnant
but necessary tactic of the  ill  equipped  Southern  troops
late  in  the  War  which  led  to  large  portions  of  the
Confederate military wearing Union light blue  trousers  and
captured boots.  Southern officers discouraged this practice
as much as possible as it often led to tactical difficulties
in  combat  with both sides having a similar appearance.  In
addition, captured Confederates clad in Union uniforms could
technically be declared spies and summarily executed.       

The  expected  wear-and-tear of campaigning was not the only
reason why uniforms quickly became ragged or  entirely  worn
out.   Many  uniforms,  particularly at the beginning of the
War, were made of a material named "shoddy." Harper's Weekly
described  shoddy  as,  "a  villainous  compound, the refuse
stuff and sweepings of the shop, pounded, rolled, glued, and
smoothed  to  the  external  form and gloss of cloth, but no
more like the genuine article than  the  shadow  is  to  the
substance.soldiers  on  the  first  day's  march  or  in the
earliest storm found their clothes, overcoats and  blankets,
scattering  to  the  wind  in rags, or dissolving into their
primitive elements of dust under the pelting rain." The term
"shoddy"  remains  today as descriptive of inferior products
or workmanship.                                             

Rank markings, while varying between the two armies, were of
the same basic style, though the following details cannot be
regarded as universal.  It was not uncommon  to  find  Union
soldiers  wearing Confederate style rankings and vice versa.
Non-commissioned officers of both armies were identified  as
follows;  Corporal,  two  chevrons worn on the upper sleeve.
Sergeant, three chevrons.  First  Sergeant,  three  chevrons
with  an  arc  or  "lace lozenge" above.  Ordnance Sergeant,
three chevrons with a five-pointed star above. Quartermaster
Sergeant,  three  chevrons  with  a horizontal "tie" of lace
linking the upper corners.  Sergeant Major, three  chevrons,
with an arc of lace linking the upper corners.              

Rank  of Union officers was indicated by laced shoulder-bars
on a backing of cloth of the color of the arm of the service
to  which  they were attached.  Red indicated the Artillery,
Yellow the Cavalry and Engineers,  Sky  Blue  the  Infantry,
Green  Riflemen  or  Sharpshooters  and  Green  and Buff the
Medical Corps.   Second  Lieutenant,  no  rank  insignia  on
shoulder bars.  First Lieutenant, one gold bar at either end
of shoulder bar.  Captain, two gold bars on  shoulder  bars.
Major, gold oak leaf on shoulder bars.  Lt.  Colonel, silver
oak leaf at either end of shoulder  bars.   Colonel,  silver
eagle  on shoulder bars.  Brigadier General, One silver star
on shoulder  bars.   Major  General,  two  silver  stars  on
shoulder bars.  Lt.  General, three silver stars on shoulder

Color also indicated the Confederate branch of service,  but
was  not  limited  to  shoulder  insignia.   The facings for
General officers  and  for  the  officers  of  the  Adjutant
General's  Department,  Quartermaster  General's Department,
Commissary General's Department, and the Engineers was to be
Buff.  The tunic for all officers was to be edged throughout
with  the  facings  designated  Medical  Department   Black,
Artillery Red, Cavalry Yellow, and Infantry Light Blue. Caps
were to be distinguished by the  colors  of  the  branch  of
service,  with the number of the regiment in yellow metal to
be worn in front.                                           

Confederate rankings were indicated  in  two  ways;  by  the
thickness  of  lace  decorations on sleeves and caps, and by
gold rank insignia on either side  of  the  collar.   Second
Lieutenant,  one  bar  on  collar,  one braid on cap.  First
Lieutenant, two bars on collar, one braid.   Captain,  three
bars  on  collar,  two  braids.   Major, one star on collar,
three braids.  Lt.  Colonel,  two  stars  on  collar,  three
braids.   Colonel,  three  stars  on  collar,  three braids.
General (all ranks), three  stars  in  a  laurel  wreath  on
collar, four braids.                                        

Information  on the uniforms of both navies is very detailed
and provides more than enough data to be the subject  of  an
article  devoted  solely  to  the  sailors  of the Union and
Confederacy.  But  no  matter  what  the  color,  design  or
insignia,  the  uniforms of both North and South provide yet
another fascinating  avenue  of  exploration  into  the  War
Between  the  States  and allow us to once again acknowledge
the sacrifice and heroism of  our  ancestors.   God  SaveThe

Please assist us in  battlefield  preservation  by  donating
your  Ukrop's  Golden  Gift  certificates  to the Longstreet
Camp.  Ukrop's will mail certificates to customers  in  May.
Please  bring yours to our May 18 meeting or mail them to me
if you will not attend that meeting.  For the  past  several
years   we   have   made  donations  to  several  Civil  War
battlefield preservation organizations and to the Museum  of
the  Confederacy.  Ukrop's will send checks to participating
organizations in August.  We shall decide at  our  September
meeting where we plan to send our money.                    

Longstreet  Camp celebrated Confederate History and Heritage
Month by inducting two new members,  Chris  Jewett  and  Ron
Smith.   Ron wasted no time in going to work for Confederate
heritage by making a  video  of  the  April  4  parade  down
Monument  Avenue  and  gathering  at Hollywood Cemetery.  He
showed it to us at our April 20 meeting as  we  were  eating
our supper.                                                 

A  reading  of Partisans and Redcoats: The Southern Conflict
That Turned the Tide of the American Revolution,  by  Walter
Edgar  reminds  us  that  South  Carolinians  fought hard in
bloody battles to win independence from Great Britain in the
Revolutionary War.  Famous names appear in this book.  Thomas
Sumter and William Moultrie  had  forts  named  after  them.
Statesman   of  the  Jackson  Age,  John  C.   Calhoun,  had
ancestors  in  this  war.   Jackson  himself   participated.
Confederate  generals  Wade  Hampton and Joseph Kershaw were
descended from Revolutionary War soldiers.  The  backcountry
was  a  ferocious  battleground.   British  soldier Banastre
Tarleton and his minions were brutal to  people  and  burned
homes   and   churches.   Tarleton  could  be  considered  a
spiritual ancestor of William Tecumseh Sherman.   Detractors
speak  and  write  of  South  Carolina's  fire  eaters.  The
passion  for  independence  of  nineteenth   century   South
Carolinians  is  easy  to understand in light of memories of
hardships endured  by  their  Revolutionary  War  ancestors.
There  is  a  framed  drawing of Wade Hampton on the wall of
Maurice's Barbecue  in  Santee  with  a  quote,  "Those  who
criticize  Robert  E.   Lee  for  what  he did might as well
criticize George Washington."                               

An eagle-eyed reader of the ancestor list contained  in  the
magnificent  Longstreet Camp information packet developed by
Preston Nuttall  detected  an  error  made  by  yours  truly
regarding  an  ancestor's  unit.  I apologize.  This has now
been corrected.  Our membership  roster  has  changed  since
that  list  was  prepared.  My goal is to update the list by
our May 18 meeting.  Please let me  know  if  you  find  any
other errors.                                               

Let's keep the flag flying and be proud of our heritage.     

				Walter Tucker



Longstreet continues to grow by leaps and  bounds!!   Please
be  sure to introduce yourself to our new Compatriots if you
have not already done so.                                   

Let's let them know that they have joined the finest Camp in
the  SCV.  Make them feel at home with us and show them what
makes us great.                                             





Our speaker  for  May  is  Mark  Greenough,  Supervisor  and
Historian, Virginia State Capitol Guided Tours.             

Mark will speak to us on "The History of the Capitol."      

No  matter  if  you  are a life-long resident of Virginia or
not, you are sure to learn much that you did not know  about
our  classically  beautiful  Capitol and its inhabitants and

Be sure not to miss this  presentation  and  bring  a  guest
along with you.                                             


The following is a cumulative listing of contributors to the
upkeep  of  “The  Old  War  Horse” for the period July, 2003
through the current month.                                  

Ben Baird
Lloyd Brooks
Richard Campbell
Gene Carty
Earl Carwile*
Phil Cheatham
Brian Cowardin
Gary Cowardin*
Ron Cowardin
Taylor Cowardin
Lee Crenshaw
Raymond Crews*
John Deacon
Jerold Evans
Shirley Ferguson†
David George
David Harris
Pat Hoggar
Jack Kane*
Michael Kidd*
Roger Kirby
Frank Marks
Lewis Mills*
Joe Moschetti*
John Moschetti*
Preston Nuttall
Ken Parsons*
Rufus Sarvay*
Wally Scott
Bill Setzer
John Shumadine
Austin Thomas*
Walter Tucker*
John Vial*
Patricia Walton††
David Ware
Jerry Wells§
Harold Whitmore
Hugh Williams
Bobby Williams*

* - Multiple contributions
† - In Memoriam- Commander “Hef” Ferguson
††- In Memoriam- Commander “Chuck Walton”
§ - Visitor Donation

From July to date, 61% of our members have made  a  donation
to the upkeep and well-being of “The Old War Horse!!” Thanks
to all of you for your help.                                

2003- 2004 CAMP OFFICERS LONGSTREET CAMP #1247 Commander: Harry Boyd 741-2060 1st. Lt. Cmdr.: Taylor Cowardin 356-9625 2nd Lt. Cmdr.: Michael Kidd 270-9651 Adjutant/Treasurer: Walter Tucker 360-7247 Quartermaster: R. Preston Nuttall 276-8977 Chaplain: Henry V. Langford 340-8048

Photo #3


Charles  H.   "Chuck"  Peple,   Research   and   Development
Coordinator  of  Henrico County's Recreation and Parks, gave
an interesting presentation on research done at the location
of the November 29, 1864 Battle of New Market Heights.      

Several  years  ago  some of Harry Boyd's compatriots in the
Henrico County Police Department caught  three  Tarheels  on
this  property  with  metal detectors.  An intelligent judge
sentenced the three  lads  to  community  service  assisting
Chuck  in  finding relics and marking where they were found.
Using GIS and several  sets  of  maps  Chuck  has  developed
images  which  give  a  clear  indication  of  where various
actions occurred.  The Tarheels have continued to  volunteer
after serving their required community service time.        

Items  found  include  15  to 20 different kinds of bullets,
buttons,  pocket  knives,  caisson  handles,  belt  buckles,
locks,   pieces  of  a  sword  blade,  and  artillery  shell

Henrico County bought the battlefield property several years

The  battle  occurred  in connection with the action at Fort
Harrison.  Fourteen soldiers of US Colored  Troops  received
Medals of Honor, the most famous being Powhatan Beaty. Three
were killed rescuing colors.                                

After the Confederate troops pulled back, the Union built  a
fort and reversed the trenches.                             

The  images  shown  us  by  Chuck  and  many  others will be
incorporated into a two volume set with narrative written by
Louis  Manarin,  a  noted  historian.  Dr.  Manarin lives in
Henrico and was co-author,  with  Clifford  Dowdey,  of  The
History of Henrico County, published in 1984.               

Dr.   Manarin's  new  book entitled Henrico County: Field of
Honor will include 800 images  and  14  pieces  of  original
artwork in its approximately 1,020 pages.                   

We  are  indebted  to Chuck for an interesting presentation,
and we look forward to the late summer  publication  of  Dr.
Manarin's book.                                             

					Walter Dunn Tucker

Photo #4


At the request  of  SCV  Virginia  Division  Commander  Brag
Bowling,   Longstreet   Commander   Harry   Boyd   met  with
representatives of the Carpenter Center for  the  Performing
Arts to coordinate an SCV role in the promotion of the world
premier play, "Robert E.  Lee: Shades  of  Gray."  After  an
initial meeting, it was determined that the SCV could play a
large part in not only the promotion of  the  play  but  the
production as well.  To this end, Commander Boyd established
a committee consisting of Longstreet Lt.   Commander  Taylor
Cowardin, Lt.  Commander Michael Kidd, and Executive Council
Member, with Commander Boyd serving  as  Chairman.          
It  was determined that the Committee would focus on several
specific  areas  of  responsibility,  including  Promotional
Assistance,  Technical  Assistance,  Documentary Assistance,
Historical Accuracy and  Authentication,  On-site  Staffing,
Historical Displays, and SCV Recruitment.                   

Play #1


The play was a tremendous success.  Even though the  premier
coincided  with the burial of the Hunley crew in Charleston,
S.C.,  the  two-day   attendance   was   estimated   to   be
approximately  1200  persons.   The producers were extremely
pleased with the  reception  the  play  received.   Standing
ovations and curtain calls were the order of the day and all
in attendance seemed thoroughly pleased with  the  portrayal
of General Lee.                                             

Photo #6


The names of all persons who expressed an  interest  in  SCV
membership  were  forwarded  to  the Division for follow-up,
with two requests for information on membership in  the  UDC
and  one  for  membership  in  the  Sons  of  Union Veterans
received as well.   In  addition  to  recruiting,  Committee
members  addressed questions from interested parties on many
topics, including the origin  and  specifics  of  individual
Confederate  flags, questions on various battles of the War,
the background of Robert E.  Lee, the history  of  Richmond,
and Hollywood Cemetery.                                     

Both  the  producers  of  the  play and the Carpenter Center
expressed their sincere appreciation for the efforts of  the
Committee    and    stated    their   admiration   for   the
professionalism and dedication of the  SCV.   The  Committee
devoted well over 100 man hours in the planning, preparation
and staffing of the event and the operation was conducted at
no  cost  to  the Division.  However, the real dividends for
the  time  and  efforts  expended  will  be  paid   in   the
tremendously  positive  impression of the SCV left with both
the  producers  and  the  general  public.   The   Committee
received  nothing  but  praise  from event personnel and the
public alike.  This operation was  an  overwhelming  success
and  a  public  relations triumph for the SCV, thanks to the
efforts of the General James Longstreet Camp.               

	                               Harry Boyd

Photo #7


Play #3


Play #2



At the April 24 Virginia Division Convention in  South  Hill
the following officers were elected to two-year terms:      

Commander			Brandon Dorsey  
1st Lt. Commander		Michael Kendrick
2nd Lt. Commander		Frank Earnest   
Adjutant/Treasurer		Jerry Wells     
Inspector			Michael Masters 
Quartermaster			Tom Davis       
Chaplain			Tim Manning     
Judge Advocate			John Graham     
Archivist			Rob Millikin    
2nd Brigade Commander		Grayson Jennings


Russell Darden, Immediate Past  Commander  of  the  Army  of
Northern  Virginia,  will be visiting Mrs.  Albert Martin in
Alabama in May.  He has requested  members  to  send  her  a
Mother's Day card.  Her address is:                         
		Mrs. Alberta Martin 
		c/o Dr. Ken Chancey 
		Box 311087          
		Enterprise, AL 36331

Mrs.  Martin received 273 cards from all  over  the  country
for  her  97th  birthday  last  December 4.  Russell and Dr.
Chancey visit her several times a year and report  that  she
loves to receive cards.                                      

A scholarship fund has been established in her name.  Checks
for  this  should be payable to SCV for Mrs.  Alberta Martin
Scholarship Fund and should be mailed to:                   

		Russell Darden     
		Box 340            
		Courtland, VA 23837

Gifts will be acknowledged with a thank you accompanied by a
report on Mrs.  Martin's health.                            

Russell  and Dr.  Chancey are doing a great work.  With good
legal help, they have been able to increase  the  assistance
she  receives from the Alabama Confederate Pension Fund to a
point where her needs are taken care of.                    

Forty people attended our March meeting, an all time High!
Our April meeting had an attendance of thirty-eight!

We must be doing something right!


Photo #8


Compatriots, you may not have known it, but Chuck joined  us
on the march in the Heritage Parade.                        

We  felt  it  was  fitting to bear the Second National Flag,
donated to the Camp in his honor, in  the  parade  with  his
famous Confederate Tartan bow tie attached to it.           

We  plan  to  have  a  formal ceremony at the May meeting at
which we shall permanently attach the tie to the flag  as  a
memorial to him.                                            

Photo #9

MARCH 31, 1942-JULY 5, 2003


May 14-16 140th Anniversary of the  Battle  of  New  Market,
held  on  original  battlefield  where  VMI cadets fought in
1864.  Batttle  each  day,  living  history  programs.   All
proceeds  donated to New Market Battlefield Park.  For info:
(717) 528-8761

MAY 15 "Mayhem in the Muleshoe." 140th  anniversary  of  the
Battle  of Spotsylvania Court House.  Living history walking
tours.  "Disaster at Dusk; The Confederate Struggle  Against
Upton's  Attack,"  10  a.m.-12  noon.   Meet  near cannon on
Anderson Drive.  "Taking  Back  the  Bloody  Angle:  In  the
Footsteps  of  the  Confederates,:  2-4  p.m.  Meet near the
intersection of Anderson and  Gordon  Drives.   "Shadows  of
War:  Echoes  of  Battle,"  torchlight tours of Bloody Angle
starting every 10 minutes  from  8:15-9  p.m.   from  Bloody
Angle  parking  lot.   Info: Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania
National Military Park.  For  info:  (540)  373-6122,  (540)

May   15,16   Drewry's  Bluff  Anniversary  Program.   Info:
Richmond  National  Battlefield  Park.   For   info:   (804)

MAY  21-23  "The Peninsula Campaign and Seven Days Battles,"
tour from Richmond.  A.  Wilson Greene  and  Robert  E.   L.
Crick lead tour of battlefields and historic sites..  Private
tour of Monitor turret, evening  walking  tour  of  Colonial
Williamsburg.   Reservation  required,  special  room  rates
available.  Sponsored by Pamplin  Historical  Park  and  The
National  Museum  of  the  Civil  War  Soldier.   For  info:

MAY 21-23 109th  National  Competition  of  the  North-South
Skirmish  Association  near  Winchester.   Largest Civil War
live-fire event in  the  country.   Live-fire  matches  with
muskets, carbines, breech loading rifles, revolvers, mortars
and cannon.  Free admission, sutlers, food.  For info: Bruce
Miller (248) 258-9007,

MAY  22  Dedication of "Maryland Scroll" and other recovered
graffiti house walls at Graffiti House, Brandy Station,  1-4
p.m.   Speaker  Robert  Trout,  author  of the "Stuart Horse
Artillery." Free.  Sponsored by Brandy  Station  Foundation.
For info: Bob Luddy, (301 474-1253

MAY  23 North Anna River 140th Commemorative Program.  Info:
Richmond National Battlefield Park For info: (804) 226-1981

MAY 27-31 Special programs for the 2140th anniversary of the
Battles of the Wilderness and Spotsylvania Court House.  May
27 candlelight tour of Chatham 8-10 p.m.  May 28 & 29,  four
bus   tours   of   battlefields.    May   29   Luminaria  at
Fredericksburg national Cemetery 8-11 p.m.  May 31  Memorial
Day   ceremony   at   the   cemetery   11  a.m.   For  info:
Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National  Military  Park  at or Friends of the Wilderness Battlefield at

MAY 30 140th Walking  Tour  of  Totopotomoy  Creek  National
Battlefield.   For  info: Richmond National Battlefield park
(804) 226-1891.

MAY 31 Memorial Service, speakers, 10 a.m.   at  Confederate
War Memorial Chapel on the former grounds of the Confederate
Veterans Home.  Located behind the Virginia Museum  of  Fine
Arts,  Richmond.  Sponsored by the Lee-Jackson Camp #1, SCV.
For info: Bill Mountjoy (804) 740-4479.

MAY 31  Memorial  Day  program  at  Fort  Harrison  National
Cemetery.   Sponsored by Richmond National Battlefield Park.
For info: (804) 226-1891.

JUNE 3 140th walking tour  of  Union  Breakthrough  at  Cold
Harbor.  For info: Richmond National battlefield Park, (804)

JUNE 5 North Anna/Cold Harbor Civil War Van  tour  from  Lee
Hall  Mansion,  Newport News, 8 a.m.-6 p.m.  Tour of Grant's
Overland Campaign,  failed  Union  attempt  to  break  Lee's
defenses  at  Cold  Harbor.  With Michael Moore.  Massaponax
Church, Ox Ford, Cold Harbor, Wilcox's  Landing,  $45.   For
info: (757) 888-3371 or

JUNE  5 "Following the Piedmont Campaign" in Augusta County.
Tour of sites leading up to  and  including  the  Battle  of
Piedmont.  Sponsored by Blue Ridge Community College, led by
John Heatwole.  Fee charged.  For info: (540) 234-9261, ext.
2215, or

JUNE 5 Buffet luncheon and Five Forks Batrtlefield Tour from
Petersburg, 11 a.m., with Ranger Tracy Chenault.   Sponsored
by the Pickett Society.  Members $19, non-members $25 by May
29.   Checks  payable  to  the  Society.   For  information,
tickets:  Pickett Society Events, 945 Banyan Drive, Virginia
Beach, VA 23462.

JUNE 5, 6 Infantry living  history  at  Endview  Plantation,
Newport  News.  Demonstrations throughout the day.  Included
with  regular  admission.   For  info:  (757)  887-1862   or

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©2004 James Longstreet Camp, #1247, SCV - Richmond, Virginia