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My 25 year career with the Henrico County Division of Police
has   provided   me   with   many  fascinating  and  unusual
experiences, but one which stands out  in  my  mind  is  the
opportunity  to  participate in a professional baseball game
by singing the National Anthem.  Most people don't associate
the  police  with professional baseball, but for a number of
years in addition  to  investigating  accidents,  robberies,
murders,  and  a  host  of  miscellaneous tragedies, I was a
member of a musical group sponsored by  the  Henrico  Police
aptly  dubbed,  "THE  FORCE." We would perform in uniform at
school  functions  and  community  events   throughout   the
Commonwealth  in  an attempt to put a "kinder, gentler" face
on law enforcement, and on one occasion we were requested by
the  Richmond  Braves  to perform the National Anthem at the

It was a warm June evening and the stands were  filled  with
excited fans, expectant and hopeful for a Braves victory.  As
the four of us awaited our cue to begin, I was struck by the
grandeur  of the scene.  The stadium appears far larger when
viewed from the field and I became  suddenly  aware  of  the
solemnity  of  what was about to take place.  I was going to
perform one of the most powerfully symbolic  acts  known  to
modern  society;  the  rendering  of  a  national anthem.  A
national anthem is far more than  just  a  song.   It  is  a
statement  of  pride  in,  and allegiance to, the ideals and
standards  on  which  a  country  is  founded.   It  is   as
immediately  recognizable  as a national flag and can exhort
otherwise ordinary men and women to great deeds.  I began  a
silent  prayer  that  some  dire malady did not befall me in
mid-song or that, God forbid, I  should  forget  the  words!
After all, this was to be "The National Anthem of the United
States of America"; an anthem among anthems.                

You know, to those of us who still hold an allegiance to the
Confederate  States  of  America,  "Dixie"  is  just such an
anthem.  Officially titled "Dixie's Land," its  origins  are
not  exactly known, but the man most often credited with its
authorship is Daniel Decatur Emmett in the year 1859.  Dixie
has  been  called  one of the most popular tunes of all time
and was a favorite of Abraham Lincoln  who  first  heard  it
performed  in  Chicago  prior to the outbreak of hostilities
between North and South.  Mr.  Lincoln,  then  the  attorney
for  the  Illinois  Central  Railroad,  is  reported to have
"stood, applauded violently  and  shouted,  'Let's  have  it
again!  Let's have it again!'" Afterwards, President Lincoln
requested  the  tune  frequently  and   had   it   performed
immediately  upon  learning  of the surrender at Appomattox,
declaring the song "captured" and once again the property of
the whole Nation.                                           

In  February  of 1862, Dixie was performed at the opening of
the new Montgomery, Alabama, Theater in a  production  which
starred  none  other  than  the famous (soon to be infamous)
actor John Wilkes Booth.  It was subsequently arranged as  a
"quickstep"   for   the   inaugural  parade  of  Confederate
President Jefferson Davis by a Mr.  Herman  Arnold  who  had
heard  it  on  opening  night  at  the theater, and it later
became  universally  known  as  the  "Confederate   National

However, another less well known song vies with Dixie as the
National Anthem of the Confederacy.  In the  early  days  of
the War, a Southern sympathizer from Maryland by the name of
George H.  Miles wrote a poem entitled "God Save The  South"
using  the  pen-name,  Earnest  Halphin.   The  poem  became
immensely popular and was quickly set to  music  by  Charles
Ellerbrock,  who  had  arranged the well known "Maryland, My
Maryland, and "God Save The South"  was  published  as  "The
National Hymn of the Confederacy."                          

So  take  your  pick,  "Dixie" or "God Save The South;" both
heralded as national anthems of  the  Southern  Cause.   But
regardless  of  which  version  you prefer, be it remembered
that an anthem is a symbol to which each  of  us  applies  a
meaning,  and  as  far  as  I  am concerned, both convey the
courage, conviction and undying  devotion  of  our  Southern
ancestors.   And  though you may never hear either performed
at the opening ceremonies of a professional  baseball  game,
Dixie was as legitimate a national anthem of the Confederacy
in its day as is the Star  Spangled  Banner  of  the  United
States,  and  as  such  is  deserving of as much respect and
admiration as is accorded the brave men and women  who  once
rallied to its melody.                                      

"And  now,  ladies  and  gentlemen,  The Braves are proud to
welcome our special guests  'The  Force'  from  the  Henrico
County  Police.   Please stand and join them as they perform
the National Anthem!"                                       



I had the honor, in the absence of Commander Harry Boyd  and
supported  by  Pat  Hoggard,  to  present  at the Douglas S.
Freeman High School Senior  Honors  Night  our  camp's  Buck
Hurtt  Award  to  Miss  Samantha  Bortell,  selected  as the
outstanding history student by the Freeman history  faculty.
Samantha plans to attend Longwood University this fall.  The
audience was told that Buck Hurtt, the great grandfather  of
the  late  Chuck  Walton  (last  year's  presenter),  was  a
Confederate soldier from rural King  and  Queen  County  who
served  his  nation  and  died  in Elmira Prison, only a few
weeks before the surrender at Appomattox.  The amount of the
award was $400.00.  We issued a check to Douglas S.  Freeman
High School, which, in turn, sent a check for that amount to
Longwood.   The  Award  was  increased by $100.00 this year,
thanks to your generosity in participating in the raffle.   

Many thanks to  all  who  contributed  Ukrop's  Golden  Gift
Certificates to the Camp.  These were turned in June 10.  We
shall receive money from these in  August  and  will  decide
what causes to support at our September meeting.            

It's  time  to  submit  the  annual  report to International
Headquarters.  We've had a successful year,  increasing  our
membership  for  the sixth consecutive year.  We now have 69
regular members, three associate members, and  one  honorary
member.   One  of the associates has initiated paper work to
make Longstreet his home camp.  We  had  eight  new  members
join  this  year.   They  were  sponsored by seven different
members of our Camp, an indication of good work by many.    

Taylor Cowardin has lined up some fine programs  this  year.
Many  of  the speakers were suggested to him by our members.
Keep up the good work.                                      

Walter  Edgar,  University   of   South   Carolina   history
professor, and author of a book previously mentioned in this
column, spoke at the  Virginia  Historical  Society  May  27
about  how the American Revolution was won in the South.  He
talked about the battles of King's  Mountain,  Cowpens,  and
Guilford  Court  House.  The war in the South received ample
coverage in a ten volume history of the U.  S.  written by a
New  Englander  and  published in 1852.  Histories published
after that date mention Bunker Hill  and  Yorktown  and  not
much  else.   A  standard college American history text used
for  many  years  devoted  five  pages   to   the   American
Revolution.   In  the  question  and answer period, one lady
said, "I was raised up north, and I  never  heard  of  those
battles."   We  need  to  make  Stephen  Dill  Lee's  charge
retroactive to the American Revolution!                     

In the old days, we did not  meet  at  all  in  the  summer.
Attendance has held up, so now August is the only month that
we don't meet.  We look forward to seeing you Tuesday,  July
20.  Have a great summer.                                   

				Walter Tucker

Mark Greenough

Mark Greenough, Supervisor and Historian  of  State  Capitol
Guided  Tours  for the Commonwealth of Virginia, gave a most
interesting talk May 18.                                    

After  reminding  us  of  the  history   of   the   Virginia
legislature  (created the year before the Pilgrims landed up
nawth), Mark  reviewed  the  requirements  given  to  Thomas
Jefferson  in  his  1785  design  for  the  Virginia Capitol


They wanted a large classical temple which an ancient  Greek
or  Roman would recognize.  There is a dome, but it is under
the roof.                                                   

Virginia's Capitol shares with Maryland's  State  House  the
fact  that  each  is  a  host  to state governments and each
housed a national government.                               

Mark moved to events of 1861, when the  Virginia  Convention
rejected   secession,   not   wanting   to  leave  what  the
Commonwealth of Virginia regarded as its own creation.  After
Fort  Sumter  was  fired  upon,  President  Abraham  Lincoln
requisitioned 3,000 soldiers from Virginia to put down  what
he  called  the  rebellion.   Reacting to this, the Virginia
Convention voted 88 to 55 to  secede.   For  several  weeks,
Virginia   was  a  sovereign  state  attached  to  no  other
government.  Robert E.  Lee went with his state and accepted
command of Virginia's military and naval forces in the House
of Delegate Hall.  He wrote to each of sons,  advising  each
to follow his conscience.                                   

For  a  while  in  the  first  year  of The War, our Capitol
Building housed two branches of  the  Virginia  legislature,
the  Virginia Convention, and the unicameral Congress of the
Confederate States of America.  In  the  fall  of  1861  the
Virginia  Convention  proposed a revised state constitution,
but it was not ratified.  The  Convention  ceased  to  exist
after  this.   In February, 1862, the provisional government
of the CSA dissolved  and  was  replaced  by  the  permanent
government with a bicameral Congress.                       

John Tyler and Stonewall Jackson lay in state in the Capitol
during The War.                                             

In April 1865 the Capitol Building was saved from burning by
the Capitol Square.  Many citizens came to the Square during
the fire.   Yankee  soldiers  camped  in  the  Square.   The
Confederate  Third  National  Flag  was taken down by Yankee
soldiers who tore it into small pieces.  The  Virginia  flag
was  taken  north and was returned in 1927.  Yankee officers
took over the Capitol Building and maintained offices  there
during Reconstruction.                                      

Two  wings were added in 1904, and steps were put in leading
to the portico.                                             

Edward Valentine advised Rudolph Evans, sculptor of the  Lee
statue,  to  get the eyes right.  He did, as those eyes look
right at you.  The statue was dedicated in 1932.            

Mark, with a voice reminiscent  of  Paul  Harvey,  held  the
attention  of  his  audience  and informed us of a number of
things about the Capitol that we  were  not  familiar  with,
even  though numbers of us have been in the building on many

                                     Walter Dunn Tucker
Mark Greenough

Ed Harris


Ed Harris, Quartermaster and past Commander of  the  William
Latane  Camp,  gave  a  spirited  talk  about Nathan Bedford
Forrest at our June meeting.  Wonderful that in the audience
were  our  Camp  members J.  E.  B.  Stuart V and VI, direct
descendants  of  our  Army  of  Northern  Virginia   Cavalry
Commanding General.                                         

Ed described Forrest as the most controversial figure of the
War Between the States and then gave us some  highlights  of
his life.                                                   

Bedford,   as  he  was  known,  was  born  in  Chapel  Hill,
Tennessee, July 13, 1821, one of  eleven  children.   Chapel
Hill was a rural, isolated community.  His parents moved the
family  to  Hernando,  Mississippi,  a  metropolis  of   400
persons,  when  Bedford  was  13 years old.  His father died
three years later.  Bedford, the oldest son, became the  man
of  the  family responsible for his mother and five siblings
who were still alive.  His uncle, a planter, guided  him  in
his endeavors.                                              

When  Bedford  was  19, he came upon a carriage stuck in the
river with two ladies aboard, and two men  heckling  on  the
other side of the stream.  He got them out of the river.  He
courted and married one of the ladies, Mary Ann Montgomery. 

Bedford expanded into horse trading.  He moved to Memphis in
1851  and became a prosperous slave trader.  The 1860 census
listed his worth at $1,500,000.                             

Upon the outbreak of war, Bedford enlisted as a private.  At
his  own  expense  he  raised  and  equipped a mounted troop
battalion, of which he was  elected  lieutenant  colonel  in
October 1861.                                               

He was wounded at Shiloh, picking up a Yankee soldier to use
as a shield.                                                

Bedford urged the generals at Fort Donelson to  abandon  the
fort.   They paid him no heed.  He received approval to lead
his troops, 400 strong, away before the surrender.          

Ed delighted in telling  the  story  of  Forrest's  bluffing
Yankee  commander Abel Strait by having a staff officer come
up to him during a parley with Strait to tell him that there
wasn't  enough room for his troops.  He also had cannons run
up and down a bluff.  Strait surrendered his  troops,  which
outnumbered those of Forrest by 3-1.                        

Ed  reminded  us  that  Yankee  Fort  Pillow  was  manned by
Tennessee Unionists and by colored troops,  two  classes  of
people  held  in  low  esteem  by Forrest.  Forrest has been
criticized for not restraining his  soldiers  from  shooting
enemy  soldiers allegedly trying to surrender in this bloody

During the War, Forrest had 29 horses shot  out  from  under
him  and killed 30 Yankees.  He was held in high esteem as a
warrior, winning the friendship  of  Stephen  Dill  Lee  and
Richard Taylor.                                             

After  The  War,  he  became  a  leader  of The Palefaces, a
predecessor of the Klan.  He got out later.                 

He again became a planter and was president of a railroad.  

He died in Memphis at age  66.   Jefferson  Davis,  who  had
visited  him  two  years  before,  was  a pall bearer in the
funeral, which attracted 20,000 people.  There is  a  statue
at  his  grave, against which unsuccessful efforts have been
launched to remove it.   Tranquility  is  not  something  we
associate  with Nathan Bedford Forrest, even 127 years after
his death!                                                  

					Walter Dunn Tucker
Ed Harris




Our speaker for July will be Ms.  Virginia B.  Morton.      

Ms.  Morton is the author of "Marching Through Culpeper,"  a
historical  novel  about  the War Between the States, set in
the Culpeper, Virginia area.                                

She conducts walking tours of the battlefields at  Culpeper,
Brandy  Station,  Cedar  Mountain  and Kelly's Ford and will
speak to us on the War in and around Culpeper.   This  is  a
subject  that all of us should know more about and should be
most interesting.                                           




The following is a cumulative listing of contributors to the
upkeep  of  “The  Old  War  Horse” for the period July, 2003
through the current month.                                  

Ben Baird
Lloyd Brooks
Richard Campbell
Gene Carty
Earl Carwile*
Phil Cheatham
Brian Cowardin
Gary Cowardin*
Ron Cowardin
Taylor Cowardin
Lee Crenshaw
Raymond Crews*
John Deacon
Jerold Evans
Shirley Ferguson†
David George
David Harris
Pat Hoggar
Jack Kane*
Michael Kidd*
Roger Kirby
Frank Marks
Lewis Mills*
Joe Moschetti*
John Moschetti*
Richard Mountcastle
Preston Nuttall*
Ken Parsons*
Rufus Sarvay*
Wally Scott*
Bill Setzer
John Shumadine
Austin Thomas*
Walter Tucker*
John Vial*
Patricia Walton††
David Ware*
Jerry Wells§
Harold Whitmore*
Hugh Williams
Bobby Williams*

* - Multiple contributions
† - In Memoriam- Commander “Hef” Ferguson
††- In Memoriam- Commander “Chuck Walton”
§ - Visitor Donation

2003- 2004 CAMP OFFICERS LONGSTREET CAMP #1247 Commander: Harry Boyd 741-2060 1st. Lt. Cmdr.: Taylor Cowardin 356-9625 2nd Lt. Cmdr.: Michael Kidd 270-9651 Adjutant/Treasurer: Walter Tucker 360-7247 Quartermaster: R. Preston Nuttall 276-8977 Chaplain: Henry V. Langford 340-8048


This statue stands  in  the  square  in  Martha's  Vineyard,
Massachusetts  and,  at  first  glance  ,  seems  to be just
another of those statues that you  see  in  every  town  and
village  in the New England states, a memorial to the men of
the area who fought against the South during the War Between
the States.                                                 

It is not.                                                  

As  you  will  see  below,  it  bears  a  tablet which has a
surprising memorial upon it.                                


This certainly qualifies it to be the most northerly of  all
Confederate memorials in these United States!!              

Our thanks to Compatriot John Vial for these photographs.   

Earnest Halpin

God save the South, God save the South,
Her altars and firesides, God save the South!
Now that the war is nigh, now that we arm to die,
Chanting our battle cry, "Freedom or death!"
Chanting our battle cry, "Freedom or death!"

God be our shield, at home or afield,
Stretch Thine arm over us, strengthen and save.
What tho' they're three to one, forward each sire and son,
Strike till the war is won, strike to the grave!
Strike till the war is won, strike to the grave!

God made the right stronger than might,
Millions would trample us down in their pride.
Lay Thou their legions low, roll back the ruthless foe,
Let the proud spoiler know God's on our side.
Let the proud spoiler know God's on our side.

Hark honor's call, summoning all.
Summoning all of us unto the strife.
Sons of the South, awake! Strike till the brand shall break,
Strike for dear Honor's sake, Freedom and Life!
Strike for dear Honor's sake, Freedom and Life!

Rebels before, our fathers of yore.
Rebel's the righteous name Washington bore.
Why, then, be ours the same, the name that he snatched from shame,
Making it first in fame, foremost in war.
Making it first in fame, foremost in war.

War to the hilt, theirs be the guilt,
Who fetter the free man to ransom the slave.
Up then, and undismay'd, sheathe not the battle blade,
Till the last foe is laid low in the grave!
Till the last foe is laid low in the grave!

God save the South, God save the South,
Dry the dim eyes that now follow our path.
Still let the light feet rove safe through the orange grove,
Still keep the land we love safe from Thy wrath.
Still keep the land we love safe from Thy wrath.

God save the South, God save the South,
Her altars and firesides, God save the South!
For the great war is nigh, and we will win or die,
Chanting our battle cry, "Freedom or death!"
Chanting our battle cry, "Freedom or death!"

Mrs.  Alberta Stewart Martin                                

On Memorial Day, May 31, 2004, the last remaining widow of a
Confederate Soldier slipped quietly away.                   

Mrs.  Martin was a young widow of 21 with a son when she met
William Jasper Martin, an 81 year old veteran of the War who
had fought at Petersburg.                                   

They  were  married  on December 10, 1927 and William Martin
died four years later on July 8, 1931.                      

Now she has gone to join her husband.                       

With her death, we have reached the end of an era.   An  era
that  has  no meaning to so many of our fellow Americans who
have no understanding of our Southern heritage  and  culture
and  would certainly not care that the last oral link to the
valiant soldiers in grey and butternut has been broken.     

Who now will remember for us?                               

Will the stories of the sacrifices made by so many be  swept
away  into  nothingness to be found only in dusty tomes upon
library shelves?                                            

The answer is simple and straightforward.                   

We, the Sons  Of  Confederate  Veterans,  are  charged  with
keeping  the  memory of our ancestors alive in the minds and
hearts of people everywhere.                                

You may do your part by bringing a friend or another  member
of  your  family into Longstreet Camp.  Take the time to sit
down and think about whom you might be able to recruit, then

Persuade them to come, as your guest, to one of our meetings
.  Once they have been exposed  to  the  fellowship  of  our
group  and  the  programs  of  historical  interest that our
speakers offer, it is almost  certain  that  their  interest
will  be  kindled  in joining us in our efforts to honor our
Confederate veterans and our Southern heritage.             

	Dave George

C. S. A.
Do we weep for the heroes who died for us,
Who living were true and tried for us,
And dying sleep side by side for us;-
The Martyr-band
That hallowed our land
With the blood they shed in a tide for us?

Ah! fearless on many a day for us
They stood in front of the fray for us,
And held the foeman at bay for us;
And tears should fall
Fore'er o'er all
Who fell while wearing the Gray for us.

How many a glorious name for us,
How many a story of fame for us
They left: -would it not be a blame for us
If their memories part
From our land and heart,
And a wrong to them, and shame for us?

No- no- no, they were brave for us,
And bright were the lives they gave for us;-
The land they struggled to save for us
Will not forget
Its warriors yet
Who sleep in so many a grave for us.

On many and many a plain for us
Their blood poured down all in vain for us,
Red, rich, and pure,- like a rain for us;
They bleed -- we weep,
We live - they sleep,
"All lost," -  the only refrain for us.

But their memories e'er shall remain for us,
And their names, bright names, without stain for us,-
The glory they won shall not wane for us,
In legend and lay
Our heroes in Gray
Shall forever live over again for us.

Fr. Abram Joseph Ryan (1838~1886)
"The Poet Priest of the Confederacy"

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