THE OLD WAR HORSE
THE VOICE OF GENERAL JAMES LONGSTREET CAMP #1247, SONS OF CONFEDERATE VETERANS
VOLUME 9, ISSUE 1, JANUARY, 2007
For Christmas I received a wonderful book titled Best Little Stories from the Civil War by C. Brian Kelly. In this book there is a chapter on relatives who served together during the war. The first was "Stonewall" Jackson and his second cousin "Mudwall." We all know about the famous Confederate General nicknamed Stonewall but I bet a good number of you don't know about his cousin who was known as "Mudwall." William "Mudwall" Jackson, who was also a Confederate officer, was a lieutenant governor of Virginia, a lawyer and a judge before the War of Northern Aggression. He served on his cousin's staff and fought during the Seven Days' Battles, Second Bull Run and Sharpsburg. After the war he refused to surrender and fled to Mexico. He later returned to the US settling in Kentucky and resumed his practice of law. On the other side, father and son John A. and Ulric Dahlgren served as Yankee officers during the war. Father John A. was not only an admiral in the U.S. Navy but a friend of President Lincoln. He was the chief of the Navy's Bureau of Ordinance and his eleven inch Dahlgren gun was used to shell Confederate positions many a time. His son, Ulric, was a Cavalry officer and met his Maker trying to invade Richmond to free Yankee prisoners. Former Virginia governor John Wise and his son, O. Jennings Wise, both served in the Confederate Army. The former served as a general and was in charge of the eastern North Carolina Sector and later fought in the Seven Days' campaign, Drewry's Bluff, and commanded during the battle of Petersburg. He brought his unit through Sayler's Creek and made it to Appomattox but never accepted amnesty. His son served with the Richmond Light Infantry Blues and was killed at the Battle of Roanoke Island in 1862. John and Willie Pegram were brothers and served the Confederacy well. John was the older of the two and graduated from West Point. He was a cavalryman and engineer. He was a major general in the army and served with distinction. He was married in Richmond during the last winter of the war. Weeks later his family and friends gathered again in the same church for his funeral after he was killed at the battle of Hatcher's Run. His younger brother William rose in rank from a private to colonel and showed much bravery on the field and out- lived his brother but did not see the end of the war. He was killed at Five Forks just days before Appomattox. Many a family on both sides sacrificed their husbands and sons for the war. Many fought on opposite sides. Just as Lee said, "It is well that war is so terrible, lest we should grow too fond of it." Deo Vindice, Taylor
Dr. Peter James Flamming, retiring as pastor at Richmond's First Baptist Church, was recently quoted about the importance of faith, family, and friends. Thanksgiving and Christmas are great times for renewal of faith and celebrating with loved ones, in and out of the family. It is all too easy to allow duties, work, and national and world conditions to obscure these three most important aspects of our lives. For our family the Christmas season kicks off with a gathering for lunch in early December with the extended family of Jackie's mother. This attracts about 50 people covering four generations. Two of her aunts, in their 90's and aware of all that's happening, add to the joy of this delightful family get together. Next highlight was the Longstreet Camp Christmas banquet. The Westwood Club provided us with good food and attentive service. Barbara Boyd did her usual superb job in decorating the tables. Richard Wilson gave an interesting talk about Stonewall Jackson, which is covered elsewhere in this newsletter. Having our ladies in attendance made the evening most enjoyable. We would do well to keep faith, family, and friends in their proper place throughout the year. As we advance in years, old friends pass on to their reward. Since the beginning of December we have bade farewell to five friends who have departed this stage of life. Two were about my age, but one was 89, one 94, and one 102! We join the SCV to honor our ancestors, but one of the blessings of membership is the opportunity to meet new friends and have those friendships grow. The end of the old year is a good time for reflection. The year 2006 was a great one for the Longstreet Camp, particularly since the annual report date of June 30. As of that date we had 74 members calling Longstreet their home camp. Since then, we have sworn in two new members, have had eight members transfer to Longstreet from other camps, and have had one member reinstated. Three members did not renew memberships, so we now have 81 regular members. A member of another camp has indicated his desire to transfer to Longstreet. The future bodes well for our camp. Since the November adjutant's report, Robert H. Moore, Jr. has moved to the Richmond area and transferred his membership to us from R. E. Lee Camp #726 in Alexandria. We welcome Robert to our camp and hope that he will be with us soon at a meeting. John C. Thompson, Sr. has moved back to Richmond from Florida and hopes to be with us for our January meeting. January, the birth month of Robert E. Lee, Stonewall Jackson, and Matthew Fontaine Maury is a month to celebrate our ancestors. This is particularly true this year, which is the 200th anniversary of Lee's birth. The Museum of the Confederacy is honoring Lee especially this month. The Richmond Times-Dispatch recently ran a story about a long lost portrait of Lee. In 2007, we celebrate the 400th anniversary of the establishment of the first permanent English settlement in America at Jamestown. This fact is little known and recognized outside the Commonwealth of Virginia; so it is our duty to educate the uninformed about this event. I look forward to seeing you at the January meeting. Happy New Year! Walter
ROMA'S RESTAURANT 8330 STAPLES MILL RD. LOCATED IN "THE SHOPS AT STAPLES MILL" TURN LEFT AT FIRST STOPLIGHT NORTH OF THE WISTAR SHOPPING CENTER DINNER - SOCIAL 6:00 PM MEETING STARTS AT 7:00 PM
Mike Gorman of the National Park Service, will present a slide program on photographs taken at Chaffin's Bluff. He has compiled photographs from several sources including the Library of Congress where many Civil War images are stored that have not been seen for over 100 years. Mike always provides us with a lively and highly interesting presentation. Be sure to come and hear him!!
Dedicated historian and preservationist Brantley Knowles, wife of our Compatriot Peter Knowles, II and mother of Compatriot Peter Knowles, III and Bolling Knowles, began her talk by reminding us of the famous firsts of Jamestown: Permanent English settlement Legislative assembly English church English fort Jamestown Island had a natural deep water harbor. The fort constructed was triangular in shape with bulwarks for cannon. In 1699 the capital of Virginia was moved from Jamestown to Williamsburg. In 1781 French Admiral deGrasse in supporting the American and French armies besieging Yorktown landed 3,000 soldiers at Jamestown. The beginning of the War Between the States in April 1861 led to a renewed interest in Yorktown. William Allen's slaves built a Confederate fort, using some of the dirt from the original fort. Jamestown was a valuable naval observation point. Allen and Confederate Navy Lt. Catesby ap Roger Jones supervised the fort, which was manned by 1,200 men. In March 1862 General Lee wrote to Confederate General John Bankhead Magruder with advice on defending the peninsula. On May 3, 1862 the Confederates evacuated Jamestown, intending to leave nothing of value to the Yankees. In the summer of 2006 excavation funded by the United Daughters of the Confederacy located a Confederate "day" magazine. Confederates fired the magazine, and the roof caved in. Other magazines, in the style of plantation outbuildings, were found further back from the gun emplacements. After the Confederate evacuation, Jamestown Island was a rendezvous point for escaped slaves. They burned the home of William Allen. In August 1863 Jamestown was a outpost for the Yankees stationed in Williamsburg. Local activity picked up during the 1864 Bermuda Hundred campaign, when a communications cable was run from Jamestown Island. After the Appomattox surrendered, Jamestown was used by the Yankees in administering the oath to Confederates. All Americans are indebted to the Association for the Preservation of Virginia Antiquities and to the UDC for preserving this important historical location. Walter
Richard G. Williams, Jr. has had a lifelong interest in the War Between the States. As a schoolboy he visited the Lee Chapel and VMI. He put a piece on the Internet about Stonewall Jackson's Sunday school class. Emails began coming with questions which encouraged him to do research. Rick is not a full-time author, so it took him four years to write Stonewall Jackson-The Black Man's Friend. Rick named three factors that influenced Thomas J. Jackson to start his Sunday school class for blacks in Lexington while he was a professor at VMI. First were the slaves whom Jackson knew growing up in Jackson's Mill while he was living with his uncle Cummings. Three of these were Granny Robinson, Cecilia, and Uncle Robinson. Cecilia took care of the children. Uncle Robinson took young Tom and his sister Laura to see their mother as she lay dying. The second influence was Tom's boyhood friend, Joseph Andrew Jackson Lightburn, whose family had moved to Lexington from Pennsylvania and whose father had a nice library. The two friends loved reading. Jackson and Thaddeus Moore observed a slave funeral. Jackson felt sorry for the race and thought they should be free and have a chance. Jackson stated that Joe Lightburn said that they should be taught to read the Bible, and that he thought so, too. Moore told Jackson that it would be better not to make known such views. Lightburn later became a general in the Union Army. The third influence was John B. Lyle, who owned a book store in Lexington. Lyle was a dynamic Christian who gave Jackson books on prayer. Maggie Preston thought that these books had a great influence on Jackson. Jackson's teaching blacks to read and having them meet in his home at night violated Virginia's laws which had been passed following Nat Turner's rebellion. In 1858, Jackson was confronted by three attorneys, one of whom informed him that his class was an unlawful assembly. Jackson responded, "Sir, if you were, as you should be, a Christian man, you would not think or say so." They were later reconciled. Jackson's Sunday school class members achieved much in God's work. Jefferson Shields founded Lexington African Baptist Church, one of four churches founded by Jackson's pupils. Lylburn Liggins Downing, son of two of Jackson's Sunday school class members, founded the Fifth Avenue Presbyterian Church in Roanoke. That church has a stained glass window honoring Jackson. The window was damaged in a fire, but was not destroyed. Just as Jackson lives on in his influence at VMI and in military tactics, his Christianity lives on in the descendants of members of his Sunday school class. Rick concluded the program by showing us a two minute video of a movie that is being made about Jackson's life prior to The War. Walter
2005-2007 CAMP OFFICERS LONGSTREET CAMP #1247Commander: Taylor Cowardin 356-9625 1st. Lt. Cmdr.: William F. Shumadine, III 285-4044 2nd Lt. Cmdr.: Michael Kidd 270-9651 Adjutant/Treasurer: Walter Tucker 360-7247 Judge Advocate: Richard B. Campbell 278-6488 Quartermaster: R. Preston Nuttall 276-8977 Chaplain: Henry V. Langford 474-1978
PUBLICATIONSWebmaster: Gary F. Cowardin 262-0534 Website: longstreetscv.org War Horse: David P. George 353-8392
The following is a cumulative listing of contributors to the upkeep of “The Old War Horse” for the period September, 2007 through the current month. As you know, our cumulative listing starts in July of each year. Ben Baird Lloyd Brooks Clint Cowardin* Lee Crenshaw Raymond Crews* Jerold Evans* Kitty Faglie* Richard Faglie* Pat Hoggard Louis Heindl John Kane Roger Kirby Mike Miller Joe Moschetti Preston Nuttall Rufus Sarvay Waite Rawls Bill Setzer John Shumadine Will Schumadine Harrison Taylor Walter Tucker Will Wallace Harold Whitmore Hugh Williams Joe Wright In Memory of Chuck Walton-Ben Baird In memory of Tom Lauterbach-Anonymous In Memory of Bill Jones-Anonymous Legend: * - Multiple contributions § - Visitor Donation + - in memory of Past Cmdr. Tom Lauterbach
THROUGH APRIL 1 "By the Sea" exhibit of major fine art photographs, contemporary works and historical pieces from The Mariner's Museum collection at the Museum in Newport News. Plus "The Monitor Revisited," original photos by pinhole photographer Willie Ann Wright. Daily 10-5. For info, (800) 581-7245; www.marinersmuseumorg THROUGH MAY "Many Thousands Go: African Americans and the Civil War," new exhibit at Pamplin Historical Park & The National Museum of the Civil War Soldier focusing on the contributions of black soldiers & civilians on both sides of the conflict. Featuring original copy of the Thirteenth Amendment (through September, 2006,) artifacts from the William A. Gladstone black militaria collection owned by Pamplin and other collections. For info: 1-877-PAMPLIN: www.pamplinpark.org THROUGH SEPTEMBER "Generations: The MacArthur Family" exhibit at The MacArthur Memorial, MacArthur Square, Norfolk. Displays on General of the Army Douglas MacArthur from MacArthur clan roots in 14th century Scotland, his father who received the Medal of Honor in the Civil War, other family members. Monday through Saturday, 10-5, Sundays, 11-5. Free. For info: (757) 441-2965; www.macarthurmemorial.org JANUARY 21 Stonewall Jackson's Birthday Celebration, Stonewall Jackson House, Lexington, VA. For info: (540) 463-2552; www.stonewalljackson.org
We trained hard, but it seemed that every time we were beginning to form up into teams, we would be reorganized. I was to learn later in life that we tend to meet any new situation by reorganizing, and what a wonderful method it can be for creating the illusion of progress while only producing confusion, inefficiency and demoralization! Petronius Arbiter, Greek naval officer, A.D. 66
"In one word, the Art of War in its highest point of view is policy, but, no doubt, a policy which fights battles instead of writing notes. According to this view, to leave a great military enterprise or the plan for one, to a purely military judgment and decision is a distinction which cannot be allowed, and is even prejudicial; indeed, it is an irrational proceeding to consult professional soldiers on the plan of a War, that they may give a purely military opinion upon what the Cabinet ought to do; but still more absurd is the demand of Theorists that a statement of the available means of War should be laid before the General, that he may draw out a purely military plan for the War or for a campaign in accordance with those means. Experience in general also teaches us that notwithstanding the multifarious branches and scientific character of military art in the present day, still the leading outlines of a War are always determined by the Cabinet, that is, if we would use technical language, by a political not a military organ. This is perfectly natural. None of the principal plans which are required for a War can be made without an insight into the political relations; and, in reality, when people speak, as they often do, of the prejudicial influence of policy on the conduct of War, they say in reality something very different to what they intend. It is not this influence but the policy itself which should be found fault with. If policy is right, that is, if it succeeds in hitting the object, then it can only act with advantage on the War. If this influence of policy causes a divergence from the object, the cause can only be looked for in a mistaken policy. It is only when policy promises itself a wrong effect from certain military means and measures, an effect opposed to their nature, that it can exercise a prejudicial effect on War by the course it prescribes. Just as a person in a language with which he is not conversant sometimes says what he does not intend, so policy, when intending right, may often order things which do not tally with its own views. This has happened times without end, and it shows that a certain knowledge of the nature of War is essential to the management of political intercourse." This is an excerpt from On War by Carl von Clausewitz written in 1832! This book has been read by generations of military men and, one would hope, by generations of politicians also! Remember, this was written 175 years ago!!