THE OLD WAR HORSE
THE VOICE OF GENERAL JAMES LONGSTREET CAMP #1247, SONS OF CONFEDERATE VETERANS
VOLUME 10, ISSUE 3, MARCH, 2008
March is always an interesting time of the year - hot one day, cold the next, and here lately a bit stormy as well. Obviously spring is just around the corner (my allergies have already kicked in), and with spring comes a feeling of renewed hope for our cause. A few important events occurred in March - in 1862 we saw the epic battle at Hampton Roads between the CSS Virginia and the USS Monitor-which helped to change forever the navies of the world and warfare on the open seas. Incidentally, the sinking of the two US warships by the CSS Virginia was the worst defeat the US Navy suffered until December 7, 1941, with the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor. In 1865 we saw the attempted breakout of Confederate forces around Petersburg with the attack on Fort Steadman. The initial assault was a complete success with John Bell Gordon leading the attack, but soon Federal re-enforcements turned the tide of battle against the Confederates and the gains that had been achieved in the early morning hours were completely lost. A few days later General Grant launched an all-out assault on the Confederate lines and broke the siege at Petersburg, which resulted in the fall of Richmond, and the eventual surrender of General Lee's Army of Northern Virginia at Appomattox Court House. Certainly the political arena has been stormy as of late, and I would dare say will remain in a state of turmoil all the way through the fall elections. Speaking of elections, the Virginia Division, SCV is also holding elections at this year's convention being held here in Richmond April 4-6, at the Sheraton Richmond West Hotel. I have registered the Longstreet Camp for the business meeting on Saturday and hope to have a member of the Executive Committee present so that our votes can be cast for the candidates that our Camp supports. The nominating committee for the Virginia Division has submitted its recommended slate of officers to lead the Virginia Division for the next two years. While this slate is made up of gentlemen who have been involved with leading the Virginia Division for the last several years, I would remind them that they serve all the members of the Virginia Division, SCV - not just those on the Division Executive Committee. These gentlemen may have their own agenda on the direction that this Division should take, but they should keep in mind that they serve at the pleasure of its membership (as do I and the members of the Longstreet Executive Committee) and if the membership is not in agreement with a particular course of action being proposed, then said leadership should listen to its members and abide by their wishes. I am always aware of this ideal - I work to keep everyone informed about what is happening with our organization and its leadership. As part of this month's meeting, we will be devoting part of our time to discussing the Annual History and Heritage Parade. I encourage all members of the Longstreet Camp to make every effort to attend this month's meeting. Recently I called a special session of the Longstreet Executive Committee to discuss the Parade and it was agreed by everyone present that we should bring this matter before our members at our March Camp meeting - so, please make every effort to attend this month's meeting. It is very important that everyone has the chance to ask questions, and to voice his concerns and/or support. This is your opportunity to have your voice heard! As I have mentioned in previous newsletters, I have been asked by a member of the UDC to see if the Longstreet camp would be interested in assisting with the planning and coordination of the upcoming Children of the Confederacy Convention that will be held in July. I hope to have a member of the Convention Committee present at one of our upcoming Camp meetings to discuss what assistance we can provide them and to also provide more details about the Convention itself. It has been suggested to me that we start doing tours of our area for members of the Longstreet Camp and their families and friends. I have asked the Museum of the Confederacy if it would be interested in being our first tour and they have agreed. We will be discussing this at this month's Camp meeting - plan to attend as we want everyone's input and support to this venture. If you have any ideas, please make them known. Remember - "Longstreet is the Camp boys - Longstreet is the Camp!" I look forward to seeing everyone at our next camp meeting! Deo Vindice! Mike
At our February meeting we were pleased to induct Cary Shelton. Cary's wife Candy was with us for the occasion. Candy, a retired Henrico County teacher, is Education Director at the Virginia War Memorial, whose Director, Jon Hatfield, has been a speaker at one of our meetings. It was great having Gene Lyon back with us at our meeting. Gene has had two surgeries in the last eight months. We extend our sympathy to John and Will Shumadine on the passing of their grandmother. In an email sent several weeks ago to the Virginia Division distribution list the Division Commander alluded to the difficulty of matching rosters of camps with the records of Division and National. I understand that his letter will be published in the next edition of the Old Dominion Voice. He stated further that the discrepancies in these rosters could cause a problem with the number of votes to which a camp is entitled at the Division convention, which this year will be April 4-6 in Richmond. In order for Longstreet Camp to receive the correct number of votes, our roster was emailed to the Division adjutant February 14, reminding him that we are entitled to eight votes by virtue of having 83 members who designate Longstreet their home camp. Our six associate members are counted in their home camps in determining voting strength in conventions. The Camp roster which we maintain is updated every time a change occurs. Rosters received from National and Division are reviewed promptly, and discrepancies are immediately brought to the attention of the appropriate party with a request that corrections be made. The latest roster from National dated February 10,2008 had only one discrepancy. We requested that this be corrected. Checks received for new members or for reinstatements are deposited the day they are received, or if too late, the next day. New member applications, after certification by two Camp members, are mailed to National with a Camp check for National's dues and fees. A copy of the transmittal letter to National, containing name and address of the new or reinstated member, is mailed to the Division adjutant with a Camp check for Division's portion of dues and fees. These actions are always taken promptly. In addition, a monthly activity report containing names and addresses of new and reinstated members and names of members to be removed from our roster is emailed to the Division adjutant. Both National and Division are notified by mail immediately when a member dies. When sending a new member application to National, we tell them when we plan to induct the member and request that we receive the membership certificate the week before the induction. A few weeks ago I visited Fort Monroe for the first time in several years. It is impossible to visit such sites without learning something that you didn't know before. There is a plaque in the Chapel of the Centurion denoting that President Woodrow Wilson sat in the front pew when visiting the Fort. He would travel from Washington in the presidential yacht Mayflower and walk to the Chapel from where the yacht docked. This is the same pew in which General and Mrs. Eisenhower sat during the wedding of their son John. After an Indian uprising in 1832 Chief Black Hawk was imprisoned at Fort Monroe. How ironic that Jefferson Davis, who as a young Army officer escorted prisoner Black Hawk down the Mississippi River to Jefferson Barracks, would himself be a prisoner at Fort Monroe 1865-1867. Edgar Allan Poe as a soldier was stationed briefly at Fort Monroe. I spoke with the Casemate Museum curator and told him of the petition we'd sent to Commonwealth of Virginia Secretary of Natural Resources L. Preston Bryant, Jr., who is chairman of the Fort Monroe Federal Area Development Authority (FMFADA), pleading that the Fort be saved as the important historic site that it is. The curator said he appreciated that greatly. Residents of Hampton comprise about 40% of the board of commissioners of FMFADA. Fort Monroe belongs to the citizens of the United States of America, not just to the residents of the area in which it is located. Please write to your elected representatives, including Governor Kaine, to urge that Fort Monroe not be turned over to a bunch of locals who are primarily interested in gross real estate tax receipts. The Museum of the Confederacy sponsored an outstanding Jefferson Davis Symposium at the Library of Virginia February 23. Five Longstreet Camp members attended. April is Confederate Heritage and History Month. No resolution from any political entity is needed to celebrate our heritage. Fly your flag and wear your lapel pin proudly. Avail yourself of any opportunity to enlighten the ignorant and the uninformed. Walter
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Our speaker for March will be Hugh Campbell. He is a lifelong resident of Hanover County and an avid historian. His presentation will cover the Lewis and Clark Expedition.
Mike Gorman, historian at Richmond Battlefield National Park, titled his Power Point presentation Richmond Again Taken II:A Love Letter to the Library of Congress. Almost all the pictures were taken after the April 1865 evacuation of Richmond by Lee's Army. Mike said that when we think of Civil War photographs, the name Matthew Brady comes immediately to mind. He then named Alexander Gardner, who worked for Brady until he went on his own in 1863, T. C. Roche, Levy and Cohen of Philadelphia, and several others. These men took their pictures as commercial ventures, but they were a financial disaster. The pay of soldiers was very low, and most didn't have a lot of money after returning to civilian life. Some of the pictures were published in book form in the early 20th century. Today's digital technology, however, enables us to look at these pictures in much greater detail. The ability to zoom in, for example, reveals that grave markers described in some books as being in Hollywood Cemetery were actually in Oakwood. The now readable name on one marker was checked against the records of both cemeteries. Several pictures were of ships docked in Richmond in April 1865. Probably the most famous was River Queen. When that ship was at City Point (today's Hopewell) on March 28, 1865 President Abraham Lincoln met on board with Generals Grant and Sherman to discuss strategy and peace terms. Lincoln hoped that the War could be brought to an end without the further effusion of blood. He said, "Let them surrender and go home. They will not take up arms again. Let them all go, officers and all, let them have their horses to plow with, and, if you like, their guns to shoot crows with. Treat them liberally. We want these people to return to their allegiance and submit to the laws. Therefore, I say, give them the most liberal and honorable terms." This was the basis for Grant's terms at Appomattox. Sherman wanted to do the same with Joseph Johnston's Confederate army in North Carolina. By then Lincoln was dead and President Andrew Johnson would not allow such generous terms. River Queen took Mary Todd Lincoln back to Washington from City Point after she got into a snit over her husband's alleged flirtation with the wife of General Edward Otho Cresap Ord. A photo shown us later revealed that Mrs. Ord was not the most attractive lady of the 19th century! Other interesting ships photographed were Monohansett, CS Patrick Henry, and an unnamed torpedo boat. Mike's presentation included photos of Rocketts Landing, artillery wagons, the Capitol building, the Mechanics Institute, the Spotswood Hotel, downtown, the White House, and Robert E. Lee on the porch of the Franklin Street house in which he lived until he moved to Derwent. Some of the pictures of Belle Isle were taken by a prison guard named Rees. A post surrender picture, obviously taken by a Yankee photographer for propaganda purposes, showed a person in mourning kneeling in the Belle Isle graveyard. Matthew Brady himself appears in a number of pictures. Perhaps that was the inspiration for movie director Alfred Hitchcock to appear in some of his movies. As always, Mike Gorman's presentation was informative and entertaining. For more, visit his web site http://www.mdgorman.com Walter THE CONFEDERATE LABORATORY AT THE ARSENAL IN RICHMOND-1865
2005-2008 CAMP OFFICERS LONGSTREET CAMP #1247Commander: Michael Kidd 270-9651 1st. Lt. Cmdr.: Taylor Cowardin 359-9277 2nd Lt. Cmdr.: Thomas G. Vance 282-6278 Adjutant/Treasurer: Walter Tucker 360-7247 Judge Advocate: Harry Boyd 741-2060 Quartermaster: R. Preston Nuttall 276-8977 Chaplain: Henry V. Langford 474-1978
PUBLICATIONSWebmaster: Gary F. Cowardin 262-0534 Website: longstreetscv.org War Horse: David P. George 200-1311
The following is a listing of contributors to the upkeep of "The Old War Horse" from July, 2007. through the current month. As you know, our cumulative listing starts in July of each year and we do not meet in August. Lloyd Brooks* Brian Cowardin Clint Cowardin* Gary Cowardin Taylor Cowardin Ray Crews Jerold Evans Kitty Faglie Richard Faglie Michael Hendrick Michael Kidd Peter Knowles,II Lewis Mills Conway Moncure Robert Moore Joe Moschetti John Moschetti Peyton Roden Bill Setzer Rufus Sarvay Will Shumadine Austin Thomas John Vial Jerry Wells David Ware Harold Whitmore Bobby Williams Hugh Williams Keith Zimmerman In memory of Robert Mahone-Raymond Crews In memory of Hef Ferguson and Chuck Walton-Walter Tucker Legend: * - Multiple contributions § - Visitor Donation + - in memory of Past Cmdr. Tom Lauterbach
Philip Cary Shelton is sworn in by Past Cdr. Harry Boyd as Adj. Walter Tucker looks on A happy Shelton is surrounded by 1st Lt. Cdr. Taylor Cowardin, Commander Mike Kidd Mike Kidd and Adj. Walter Tucker
CALENDAR OF VIRGINIA EVENTSTHROUGH MARCH "Lee and Grant" exhibit at Virginia Historical Society, Richmond. Includes paintings, documents and artifacts providing reassessment of the generals' lives, careers, impact and development of historical thought and popular attitudes about them. Catalog, online exhibition. Monday-Saturday 10-5, Sundays free, 1-5. For info: (804) 358-4901; www.vahistorical.org THROUGH APRIL 7 Special exhibit on the Confederate Navy at the Museum of the Confederacy, Richmond. Objects, photos, documents, including the last Confederate Flag to be lowered by the commerce raider, C.S.S Shenandoah. For info: (804) 649-1861; www.moc.org MARCH 29 Bridgewater College Civil War Institute:"This Mighty Scourge: "The Civil War in the Borderland" In Room 100, McKinney Center for Science and Mathematics, in Bridgewater. Speakers include Paul C. Anderson, Christian Keller, Jonathan A. Noyalas, Alann Schmidt. Free. For information, (540) 828-5761 MARCH 29 "Anniversary of the Breakthrough" 143rd anniversary commemoration of April 2, 1865 Petersburg breakthrough at Pamplin Historical Park. Predawn tour of the Breakthrough Battlefield followed by a hot breakfast at the Hardtack & Coffee Caf‚. Van tours during the day with park historians featuring the Battle of Lewis Farm. Living history demonstrations, talks. Reservations required. For information, reservations, (804) 861-2408: www.pamplinpark.org APRIL 5 Chesterfield County Confederate History and Heritage Program in the Chesterfield County Complex, Chesterfield 12 noon-3 p.m. Brian Steel Wills on "The War Hits Home," book signings, Camp and parlor music. Living history with Co. C, 9th Va. Cavalry, Chesterfield Yellow Jackets, Chesterfield Historical Society, Museum exhibits. Sponsored by Chesterfield Historical Society of Virginia. For information, (804) 777-9663, ChesterfieldHS@aol.com, www.chesterfieldhistory.com APRIL 12,13 36th Annual American Civil War Show, Dulles Expo Center (North Building), Chantilly. Saturday, 9 a.m.-5 p.m., Sunday, 10 a.m.- 4 p.m. Sponsored by Northern Virginia Relic Hunters Association. For information, (703) 823-1958, firstname.lastname@example.org
"Florida has its own North and South, but its northern area is strictly SOUTHERN, and its southern area definitely NORTHERN."