ls-ls-nltr.jpg THE OLD WAR HORSE
VOLUME 10, ISSUE 5,           MAY, 2008
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A quick jump to the articles in this issue:
Commander's Comments, Adjutant's Report, Cleanup Crew, May Program (next), April Program (last), Camp Officers,
Longstreet's First Corps, Scholarship Fund, Lee plates, Davis' BD, Fort Monroe, Humor, Calendar, MOC,


As  I  sit  before  my  computer  to  write   this   month's
Commander's  Comments, I am reminded that today (May 5th) is
Cinco De Mayo  Day  celebrated  throughout  Mexico  and  the
United  States.   This  day is when Mexicans celebrate their
heritage.  but it is not a day to celebrate independence  as
many  have  thought  over  the  years.   It  is actually the
anniversary of a battle that  took  place  in  1862  between
French troops and heavily out-numbered Mexican troops (sound
familiar?).  The French troops  had  been  sent  by  Emperor
Napoleon  III  to  seize control of the government of Mexico
and install a foreign head-of-state to lead the country.    

The Mexican militia troops  hid  behind  fortifications  and
attacked  the  French troops as they entered the city on May
5th and the ensuing battle resulted  in  over  1,000  French
troops being killed.  The French Emperor was so surprised by
this show of force from the Mexicans that he sent additional
French  troops  to Mexico to seize control of the government
(which they  did),  but  the  Mexicans  celebrated  May  5th
because   of   that  victory  over  the  French  forces  and
ultimately it helped to lead to the overthrow of the  French
puppet government a few years later.                        

Another   great   battle  occurred  on  the  North  American
continent just one-year later when  a  heavily  out-numbered
force  of  Confederates  led  by General Robert E.  Lee, out
fought, out soldiered and resoundingly defeated  the  vastly
superior  but  poorly  led  Union Army of the Potomac at the
Battle of Chancellorsville.   This  battle  has  often  been
called  Lee and Jackson's masterpiece because in the face of
over-whelming forces, numerous times General Lee divided his
forces   and  attacked  the  poorly  led  Union  forces  and
ultimately  routed  them.   Unfortunately,  the  brave   and
valiant General Stonewall Jackson fell victim to a volley of
smoothbore musket fire from nervous North  Carolina  troops,
and  died  of  pneumonia  several  days  later.  Ironically,
General Jackson died on May 10th  -  a  Sunday.   Being  the
devout Presbyterian that he was, it was rumored that General
Jackson believed in never writing a letter that would be  in
transit  on  the  Sabbath,  and  he didn't believe in giving
battle on the Sabbath (note my  terminology).   However,  if
you  look  at  General Jackson's battles - most of them were
fought and won on a Sunday.                                 

The month of May, one year  later,  saw  the  beginnings  of
General  Grant's  vicious  and deadly Overland Campaign with
the opening battle in the Wilderness.  It  was  during  this
battle, on May 6th, that General Lee's "Old War Horse" - our
very own General James Longstreet,  was  felled  in  similar
circumstances  as  was  General  Jackson  the  year earlier.
General Longstreet was fired  upon  and  wounded  by  troops
under  the  command of General Kershaw.  Fortunately for the
Confederacy and General Lee, General Longstreet survived his
wounding  and  was later able to return to command, although
without the use of one of his arms, for the duration of  the

The  month  of  May  also  played  a significant part in the
formation of the Confederate  States  of  America  when  the
state  of  North Carolina and Commonwealth of Virginia voted
to secede from the Union within one week of  each  other  in
1861.  Without a doubt, the month of May is a very important
part of our Confederate Heritage-- something of which we may
very proud.                                                 

As  we  continue  with  our  struggle  of trying to save our
history and our heritage, I am reminded of  what  the  great
reporter  Edward  R.   Murrow  once  said - "We can deny our
heritage   and   our   history,   but   we   cannot   escape
responsibilities  for the results." Something to think about
the next time you hear someone talking down to those  of  us
who wish to honor and educate others of our heritage and our
history because they both are so much a part of who  we  are
as Americans today.                                         

As  I  have  mentioned  in previous newsletters, I have been
asked by a member of the UDC to see if the  Longstreet  camp
would  be  interested  in  assisting  with  the planning and
coordination of the upcoming  Children  of  the  Confederacy
Convention  that will be held in July.  I have been informed
that a representative  will  be  present  at  our  May  Camp
meeting  who  would  like to speak about the Convention so I
hope everyone is able to attend this meeting.               

Remember -
"Longstreet is the Camp boys - Longstreet is  the Camp!"

I look forward to seeing everyone at our next camp meeting -
May 20th!

Deo Vindice!                                                


Many thanks to our members  who  cleaned  up  our  one  mile
section  of  Studley Road, Hanover County, near Enon Church,
on Saturday April 19.  Lewis Mills always leads this effort,
and  he  was  ably assisted this year by Clint Cowardin, Lee
Crenshaw, Ray Crews,  Gene  Golden,  Andy  Keller,  and  the
writer.   We  were  blessed  with good weather and filled 14
trash bags.  Next cleanup will be in October.               

Our appreciation also goes to Rob Millikin as  he  completed
his  term as 2nd Brigade Commander.  Rob's dedicated service
to the SCV also  included  chairing  the  Division  Heritage
Parade  Committee  and  serving  as  co-editor  of  the "Old
Dominion Voice." Rob has been an advocate for camps  in  the
Virginia Division and is a good friend of our Camp.         

We  welcome  D.   Michael  Thomas  as  the newly elected 2nd
Brigade Commander.  I had the privilege of talking with Mike
at the March meeting of his home camp, Robert E.  Lee Camp #
1589.  Mike intends to visit all the camps in  the  brigade,
and we look forward to having him with us.                  

At  long  last,  the Robert E.  Lee license plates are being
distributed.  Mine came Friday April 18 and were put  on  my
car  that day, just in time for the road cleanup crew to see
them on Saturday.  Several friends who are not  SCV  members
have  noticed  them  and  have made favorable comments.  The
special lettering on my plates indicates  that  my  ancestor
served in the 26th Virginia Infantry.  Our grandson recently
had the word infantry in his school work.   He  wasn't  sure
what it meant.  Leave it to the Frogs to confuse things with
their prettified words.  The Brits were much clearer.   Most
of  Wellington's  infantry  regiments had the word "Foot" as
part of their name.  The  clarity  probably  contributed  to
Wellington's   success   in   the   lengthy  Peninsular  War
(1808-1814)  and  later  at  Waterloo  (with  the  help   of
Blucher's  Prussians).   In  the  Zulu  War  the regiment at
Rorke's Drift January 1879  was  the  24th  Foot.   The  Lee
plates  are  available  to  everyone.   If  you  had already
applied and paid, you should be receiving them soon.        

The University of Richmond held a Civil  War  symposium  the
afternoon before the April 12 inauguration of Dr.  Edward L.
Ayers as president of the school.  Dr.  Ayers scheduled  the
inauguration  to  coincide with alumni reunion weekend.  Dr.
Ayers  has  never  forgotten  his  roots  in  western  North
Carolina  and  east  Tennessee.   He is highly regarded as a
scholar and an administrator and has been warmly received by
the  various  constituencies of the University.  When one of
the speakers at the inauguration quoted Barney Fife, we knew
everything was going to be all right!                       

We  were pleased to have Everette Ellis at our April meeting
speaking  on  behalf  of  the   Jefferson   Davis   Memorial
Committee, which is planning an outstanding commemoration of
President Davis's 200th  birthday  Saturday,  June  7th,  at
Hollywood  Cemetery.   Our  Camp voted to make a donation to
assist  the  committee  with  financing  the  commemoration.
Please mark your calendars and attend this event.           

We  have  received  several  more  donations  to  the  Hurtt
Scholarship Fund, which assures us of  funding  this  year's
grant  to  the  outstanding  senior  history  at  Douglas S.
Freeman High School.  Additional contributions will be  used
next year.                                                  

It's  not  too  late  to make your voice heard to insure the
preservation of Fort Monroe.  There will be public  hearings
as follows:                                                 

May 17		Hampton		10:00 AM
May 20		Richmond	Evening 
May 21		Washington, DC	Evening 

Camp members on email will be notified as more details about
those  hearings  are  received.  Unfortunately, the Richmond
hearing is  the  same  night  as  our  Camp  meeting.   Last
November's  hearing  in  Richmond  was the same night as the
Richmond Civil War Round Table's  annual  banquet.   In  the
interim,   please   write  your  political  representatives,
particularly the Governor, to urge  them  to  preserve  this
international historic treasure.  Politicians can count, and
they or their subordinates  read  their  mail.   We  have  a
responsibility  to speak and write.  Silence will tell those
in authority that we don't care what happens to the Fort.   








I am pleased to announce that we will now  have  Mr.   Brent
Morgan  who  is  an  avid  genealogist and Registrar for the
Richmond Chapter of the Sons of the American Revolution. His
topic  will  be  "Researching your War of Northern Agression
Ancestors." Please plan to attend this meeting!  I guarantee
that you will learn something!!                             

See you on the 20th!                                        



Emerson Williams

Emerson Williams, author of two historical  novels,  Roaring
Creek  and  Sinkhole Justice, spoke to us about his ancestor
Clarke Lewis, of Greenbrier County, (then)  Virginia.   When
we think of West Virginia during The War Between The States,
we tend to focus on its unconstitutional secession from  the
Commonwealth  of Virginia.  Too often overlooked is the fact
that there were some western Virginians who  remained  loyal
to  their state and who served in the Confederate Army.  The
inclination   of   citizens   of   Greenbrier   County   was
demonstrated  by  Abraham Lincoln's not receiving one single
vote in the county in the 1860 presidential election.       

The speaker's ancestor Clarke Lewis joined the 22nd Virginia
Infantry,   nicknamed  the  Virginia  1st  Kanawha  Infantry
Regiment, and participated in battles at  Scarey  Creek  and
other  western  Virginia  locations  in  the  fall  of 1861.
General Robert E.  Lee  sent  General  Henry  Wise  back  to

In 1862 the 22nd saw action at Giles Court House, Lewisburg,
and in the  Kanawha  Campaign.   Actions  of  1863  were  in
Jones's  and  Imboden's West Virginia Raid, at White Sulphur
Springs, and at Droop Mountain.                             

General   John   Breckenridge   convinced   West    Virginia
Confederate troops to come east.  The 22nd fought along with
the VMI Cadets at New Market.  After North  Anna,  the  22nd
was  at Cold Harbor.  They were cheered by other Confederate
troops when they moved from the left  of  the  line  to  the
right.  They then came to Richmond.                         

Under  Jubal  Early  the  22nd participated in the Lynchburg
Campaign and the battle at Monocacy.  The regiment went with
Early to the vicinity of Fort Stevens, Washington, DC.      

Clarke Lewis was captured by the Yankees at the third battle
of Winchester September 19,  1864.   He  was  taken  to  the
notorious  prison  camp at Point Lookout, Maryland, where he
was given one blanket, a tin  cup,  and  a  tin  plate.   He
suffered  through  the  winter  with  other prisoners there.
Lewis was released before Appomattox.                       

Emerson's second book, Sinkhole Justice, deals with  postwar
Lewis Mill, West Virginia.                                  

Clarke Lewis lived until 1908.                              

It  was  interesting to hear about western Virginia soldiers
who served the Confederacy loyally throughout The War.      



Commander: Michael Kidd 270-9651 1st. Lt. Cmdr.: Taylor Cowardin 359-9277 2nd Lt. Cmdr.: Thomas G. Vance 282-6278 Adjutant/Treasurer: Walter Tucker 360-7247 Judge Advocate: Harry Boyd 741-2060 Quartermaster: R. Preston Nuttall 276-8977 Chaplain: Henry V. Langford 474-1978


Webmaster: Gary F. Cowardin 262-0534 Website: War Horse: David P. George 200-1311



The following is a listing of contributors to the upkeep  of
"The  Old  War  Horse" from July, 2007.  through the current
month.  As you know, our cumulative listing starts  in  July
of each year and we do not meet in August.                  

Lloyd Brooks*
Brian Cowardin
Clint Cowardin*
Gary Cowardin
Taylor Cowardin
Ray Crews
Jerold Evans
Kitty Faglie
Richard Faglie
Michael Hendrick
Michael Kidd
Peter Knowles,II
Lewis Mills
Conway Moncure
Robert Moore
Joe Moschetti
John Moschetti
Peyton Roden
Bill Setzer
Rufus Sarvay
Will Shumadine
Austin Thomas
John Vial
Jerry Wells
David Ware
Harold Whitmore
Bobby Williams
Hugh Williams 
Keith Zimmerman

In memory of Robert Mahone - Raymond Crews
In memory of Hef Ferguson and Chuck Walton - Preston Nuttall & Walter Tucker

* - Multiple contributions                 
 - Visitor Donation                       
+ - in memory of Past Cmdr. Tom Lauterbach 


The fund is alive and well thanks to the donations received from the following members: Brian Cowardin Clint Cowardin Michael Hendrick Lewis Mills Bob Moore Preston Nuttall Waite Rawls Peyton Roden Rufus Sarvay Walter Tucker This is a annual monetary award for the best history scholar of the graduating class of Douglas Freeman High School. The winner is selected by the History Department of the school.


Lee plates are now available at the DMV!! You may order them on line at the following web site: Information on the plates may be obtained at the following site: A souvenir plate is also available.


Saturday, June 7th will be the two-hundredth birthday of the President of the Confederacy!! The following notes were taken by our Adjutant, Walter Tucker at a Symposium sponsored by the Museum of the Confederacy and the Library of Virginia on February 23, 2008: William C. "Jack" Davis spoke about grading Davis as a president. Ranking presidents became popular beginning with Arthur Schlesinger in 1948. Jack feels that Jeff should be on the list of best presidents. Presidents are judged by challenges they face and should be judged by what is possible. He doesn't think it's fair to compare Jeff with Lincoln. Jeff didn't do particularly well in staffing his administration. He chose one cabinet member from each state. He had never met two cabinet members. He almost had duels with two. Judah Benjamin is over-rated and was not loyal to Davis. Jeff had too few resources and too little time. The Confederacy had no domestic policy and no hard currency. Financing was done by gifts, loans, and taxes. There was never a shortage of armaments. The Confederate government imposed: Wage and price controls Rationin Prohibition Impressment of personal property Draft (before the Union Welfare Martial law It was the closest thing to a socialized state until Franklin D. Roosevelt. Jefferson Davis was realistic and not an ideologue. Necessity overrode principle. He misunderstood cotton. Jack gave him a B+ on domestic policy. Jeff's goal in foreign policy was to keep channels of communication open. He picked William Lowndes Yancey, a most intemperate man, as his chief diplomat. The Confederacy published a newspaper in London and bribed French journalists. Propaganda was effective. Jack gives Jeff a B or B+ in foreign policy. With only one political party, Jeff got his program across. He vetoed 33 bills. Only one veto was overturned. He once got into a shouting match with a North Carolina congressman. As Commander-in-Chief his goal was victory (independence) or nothing. He did not interfere with his generals. His greatest mistake was in sticking with Joe Johnston too long. Jack gives Jeff an "A" as Commander in Chief. Jeff failed to use the Presidency as a bully pulpit. He made no outreach to dissidents. Overall, Jack gives Jeff a B+ and ranks him 6th (out of 21) in 19th century presidents. William J. Cooper, Jr. asserted that Jefferson Davis regarded the Confederacy as a holy cause and not as a political matter. Jeff considered the CSA to be a fifth son. In 1860 the Republicans were determined to win the election and dropped the anti-slavery plank from their platform. Lincoln was more moderate than Seward, so the party turned away from the latter. Southerners perceived that Republicans did not regard them as Americans. Jefferson Davis urged caution. Lincoln's pressures as leader of the Republican Party caused him to be consumed with patronage requests. He was a sectional winner in the presidential race and became a national leader. He did not take secession talk seriously. He had no knowledge of the South. Lincoln kept quiet after the election. The committee of 13 could not come up with a solution to the crisis. Seward voted against every compromise suggested by the Committee. To Lincoln the Republican Party and the nation were the same, but the Party dominated. State militia units captured forts. Jeff Davis was prepared to pay for Forts Pickens and Sumter. Lincoln was willing to accept New Mexico as a slave state. Lincoln minimized the crisis. Joan Cashin spoke about Varina Howell Davis, whose father was from New Jersey and whose mother was a Virginian. Her family was verbal and highly extroverted. Varina had a private tutor and went to boarding school in Philadelphia. She met Jeff at a Christmas party in 1843 and married him in 1845. She felt that she was in the shadow of Sarah Knox Taylor, Jeff's first wife. She did not think the South could win The War. Postwar she felt that it was God's will that the North won. She lived in New York from 1890 to 1906, where she got to be friends with Julia Dent Grant. Joseph Pulitzer paid her an annual stipend to write for the New York World. Donald E. Collins, author of The Death and Resurrection of Jefferson Davis, said that Jeff's biography didn't end with his death. He said that the view varied as time went by. He was considered as: Confederate president 1861-65 Martyr 1865-89 American soldier 1889 Confederate 1893 Confederate president 1907-present Davis was blamed for the Confederate defeat. The Yankees' harsh imprisonment of him at Fort Monroe turned him into a martyr. Horace Greeley and Cornelius Vanderbilt contributed to his bail. Prosecutor Richard Henry Dana suggested that Davis not be brought to trial. The Yankees did not want to lose in court what they'd won on the battlefield. Davis took a Southern tour in 1886. Henry Grady, who utilized Davis to help get John B. Gordon elected, wrote in that year, "This outcast is the uncrowned king of our people. Memories that for 20 years have been buried in our hearts have given us the best Easter we have seen since Christ was risen from the dead." Jefferson Davis was buried as a soldier of the United States Army. The American flag predominated on the funeral carriage. The central government ignored him. The Secretary of War said, "We know of no such person."


As you know, there are discussions going on about the future of Fort Monroe. The Army is closing the base and planning to dispose of the property. We all should be aware of the history of this wonderful site in order to be able to help preserve it from becoming used for commercial purposes. Who is to take possession of the Fort? Will it be the City of Hampton, the National Park Service or the State of Virginia? The following Information sheets and brochures in packets are available for purchase in the Casemate Museum at Ft. Monroe: 1. Robert E. Lee at Fort Monroe 2. Black Hawk at Fort Monroe 3. Edgar Allan Poe at Fort Monroe 4. George Simon Bernard: Aide to Napoleon, Designer of Fort Monroe 5. Is It a Fort or a Fortress? 6. Fort Monroe in the Civil War 7. Short History of the Civil War 8. U. S. Grant Comes to Fort Monroe 9. Abraham Lincoln's Campaign Against the Merrimac (CSS Virginia) 10. Old Point Comfort: America's Greatest Bastion 11. The Fanny: First Aircraft Carrier (1861) 12. The Monitor & the Merrimack (CSS Virginia) 13. Jefferson Davis: Brief Biography 14. On to Richmond: General McClellan's Peninsular Campaign 15. Abraham Lincoln at the Hampton Roads Peace Conference (1865) Sunny weather is now upon us. Pack a lunch and take the family down to see the Fort! Purchase the brochures and read them. Become aware of its history and then give the politicians your input. Let's not lose this very important site by allowing commercial interests to destroy it.


"The biggest myth about Southern Women is that we are frail types-fainting on our sofas Nobody where I grew up ever acted like that. We were about as fragile as coal trucks!" Lee Smith


MAY 15-18 5th annual Pamplin Historical Spring Tour. "1864 Shenandoah Valley Campaign." Six major battlefields, including New Market, Winchester, Cedar Creek & Lexington. Meals included. Lodging in New Market optional. Reservations required. For information: (804) 861-2408 or MAY 16-18 144th anniversary of the Battle of New Market, New Market Battlefield State Historical Park. Friday afternoon, artillery duel in town. Saturday, living history presentations, noon concert by Stonewall Brigade, 2 p.m. tactical. Sunday, church service, living history; 1:30 p.m. battle reenactment. Admission, $10 adult, $5 children ages 6-17. All ticket sales support preservation and interpretation of the park. For info: (866) 515-1864. MAY 22 "Lee and the Historians in the Age of Anti-Hero" lecture in the Robins Family Forum, Virginia Historical Society, Richmond, noon. Robert K. Krick, lecturer. For info: (804)698-7661;


Opening Exhibition "Between The Battles," Friday, May 23. Exhibit explores daily life of the Confederate soldier between battles. Walking Tour: "A Pedestrian's View of Confederate Richmond," Saturday, May 24, 1:00-2:30 p.m. Call (804) 649-1861, Ext. 32 to register. Cost $7 for members/$10 for non-members. Walking Tour of Jefferson Davis' Richmond. Fridays, May 16 & 23, Saturdays, May 24 & 31, plus other days throughout June, July & August. All Tours 12:00-1:00 p.m. Reservations recommended. Call Dean Knight, (804) 649-1861, Ext. 37 for more details. Jefferson Davis's 200th Birthday Celebration, Tuesday, June 3, 11:00 a.m.-3:00p.m. Free museum admission all day !! The museum will be offering cake in his honor in the garden and pictures with the man himself: Jim Bazo, Jefferson Davis re-enactor will be on hand for a speech and a photo op. Take a walking tour at noon of Jefferson Davis' Richmond. (See above for full details. For info: Linda Lipscomb at (804) 649-1861, x 32 or llipscomb@

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