ls-ls-nltr.jpg THE OLD WAR HORSE
VOLUME 12, ISSUE 3,           April, 2010
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A quick jump to the articles in this issue:
Commander's Comments, Adjutant's Report, New Members, April Program (next),
March Program (last), CWPT, Camp Officers, Longstreet's First Corps, VA150, Coming Events,


How ironic that today is April 9th as  I  finally  sit  down  before  my
computer to write this month's Commander's Comments.  Ironic for several
reasons - most obvious would be that today is the 145th  anniversary  of
the  surrender  of  General  Lee's vaunted and depleted Army of Northern
Virginia at Appomattox Courthouse to the Union's Army  of  the  Potomac.
Also,  April has long been considered History and Heritage Month for the
members of the Virginia Division, SCV, and this year Governor  McDonnell
made  good  on  a  campaign  promise  to  issue  a  proclamation  to All
Virginians recognizing April as Confederate History and Heritage Month. 

Since that proclamations issue, both Governor McDonnell and Lt.  Governor
Bolling   have  both  back-pedaled  on  their  initial  support  of  the
proclamation saying that some wording was mistakenly omitted.  Political
correctness   be  damned  gentlemen  -  we  Virginians  don't  care  for
wishy-washy politicians who promise us one thing  and  then  3-4  months
after  taking  office  begin  to back-pedal on what they promised on the
campaign trail.  We Virginians have a  long  memory  when  it  comes  to
things  like this, and we do have the tendency to let our displeasure be
heard in the polling places-especially in November.                     

Getting back to Appomattox for just a  moment,  imagine  being  a  young
soldier  by  the name of William Ayler, Company G, 7th Virginia Infantry
who on the morning of April 9th  was  working  as  personal  courier  to
General  Robert E.  Lee.  Imagine being this young man who one minute is
listening  to  sound  of  infantry  attacking,  gaining   some   initial
success-even capturing a few cannon, and then in the next moment hearing
the attack die off as the commanders realize that they  are  surrounded,
their line of retreat is cut off and there is no possibility of success.
Then he gets summoned and is shortly thereafter standing before  General
Lee  himself who hands the young man a single piece of paper, folded and
perhaps stuffed into an envelope and he is given  instructions  to  ride
under  a  white flag of truce through the Confederate lines to the Union
lines and is to deliver this letter to General Grant.  Does he know what
this  letter is about?  Perhaps, but also does he realize the importance
of this simple correspondence between two commanding generals  and  what
they had to say to each other that faithful day in April, 1865?         

I  don't  know the answers, and I doubt that he did either - this much I
do know.  William Ayler did exist; he was personal courier  for  General
Lee  and  he  delivered  General  Lee's  response to General Grant about
meeting to discuss the terms  of  surrender  at  Appomattox  Courthouse.
William  Ayler  is a relative of mine, and while we don't much about him
yet-this much is true.  He was a soldier who did his duty until the very
end,  and  for that I am deeply proud of him and feel that he and all of
his comrades should be recognized for what they did and  the  sacrifices
they  and  their families endured.  I am a Son of a Confederate Veteran,
and I am damn proud of them all!                                        

The Annual Convention of the Virginia Division, SCV, was held this  past
week-end  in  Lynchburg.   A new slate of VA Division officers was being
presented  for  approval  from  the  camps  that  were  able   to   have
representation.  I am sure that we will receive a full report of all the
proceedings from Walter Tucker who is serving as our  representative  at
this year's Convention.                                                 

My  heart-felt  Thanks  to  Gary  Cowardin  for handling the monthly Old
Warhorse newsletter, and also for his continued efforts on managing  the
Camp web-site.  Well done sir!                                          

Remember - "Longstreet is the Camp boys - Longstreet is the Camp!"

I look forward to seeing everyone at our next camp meeting!  Remember  -
show your Confederate Heritage proudly this month!

Deo Vindice!                       


We were pleased to induct at our March meeting Peyton H.Roden, Jr.,  son
of  our Camp member Peyton, Sr., Martin C.  (Chris) Schexnayder, and his
son Steven.                                                             

We welcome back to the Camp John C.  Thompson, Sr., who has  settled  in
Richmond  after bouncing around between Florida, Tennessee, and Richmond
the last few years.                                                     

In previous medical reports, I failed to mention Preston Nuttall,  whose
shoulder surgery did not prevent him from attending our meetings.       

Lloyd  Brooks  was  doing  well  in  his  recovery from surgery, but has
developed shingles.  He hopes to be over that  in  time  to  attend  our
April meeting.                                                          

Our  congratulations  go  to  Pat  Walenista,  speaker  at  our February
meeting, for receiving the Ladies Appreciation  Award  of  the  Sons  of
Confederate Veterans for her outstanding work in researching records and
creating a data base of Confederate veterans  who  lived  at  Richmond's
Confederate Old Soldiers Home.                                          

Congratulations  also to Virginia Governor Bob McDonnell for proclaiming
April as Confederate History Month in the Old Dominion.  It is  well  to
recall  the  events  of 1861, as related in Virginius Dabney's 1971 book
Virginia: The New Dominion.  On 29 January U.  S.  Army  Colonel  Robert
E.  Lee wrote from his post in the southwestern United States to his son
Rooney, " I can anticipate no greater calamity for the  country  than  a
dissolution  of the Union.  It would be an accumulation of all the evils
we complain of, & I am willing to sacrifice everything  but  honour  for
its preservation...  Secession is nothing but revolution....If the Union
is dissolved & the government disrupted, I shall  return  to  my  native
State  & share the miseries of my people & save in her defense will draw
my sword no more."                                                      

On 4 April delegates to a Virginia convention meeting in Richmond  voted
88 to 45 against secession from the Union.                              

On  15 April, three days after the bombardment of Fort Sumter, President
Abraham Lincoln issued a call for 75,000 volunteers from all the  states
to put down the rebellion.  On 17 April the convention in Richmond voted
88 to 55 in favor of secession.  That convention decision  was  ratified
by 128,884 Virginia voters who approved secession, against 32,134 voters
who disapproved.                                                        

While at his Arlington home, Lee submitted his resignation from  the  U.
S.   Army  on  18  April.  .  He took the train to Richmond on 22 April.
Upon arrival, Governor Letcher told him that the convention  had  passed
an  ordinance  calling for the appointment of a major general to command
Virginia's military and naval forces and had  recommended  Lee  for  the
post.  Lee accepted.                                                    

Mr.   Dabney  wrote  in  his  book, " Since in 1860 three fourths of all
white Virginians owned no slaves, it is hard to believe that they risked
their  lives  by  the  thousands  to  protect  slavery.  What, then, was
Virginia fighting for?  She had been harassed for decades by tariffs and
other  economic  measures that discriminated in favor of the North.  She
had endured the tirades of the abolitionists over the years.  John Brown
had  tried  to lead a slave insurrection against her people and had been
applauded by prominent Northerners as a saint and a martyr.   Virginians
were  tired of all this discrimination, hostility, and abuse.  They felt
that their rights as citizens of a sovereign state were being  violated.
They sought earnestly to avoid secession and to remain in the Union, but
President Lincoln's call for volunteers to put down the seceding  states
caused them to conclude that this was impossible.                       

True,  the  controversy over slavery was the principal cause of the war,
but Virginia did not risk her sons, her wealth, and her  very  existence
for  the  preservation of a discredited institution in which most of her
people had no direct interest.  In  the  final  analysis,  Virginia  was
simply driven against her will to seek independence."                   

The  interest  in  Confederate history generated by Governor McDonnell's
proclamation gives each of us an opportunity, and indeed an  obligation,
to  fulfill  the  charge  of  Stephen Dill Lee to educate the uninformed
about The War.                                                          


Three new members are sworn in,
Peyton H.Roden, Jr., Steven Schexnayder, Martin C. (Chris) Schexnayder.


NEXT MEETING - TUESDAY, April 20, 2010




Our April speaker will be Terry Thomann who is director  of  "Civil  War
Life  -  The  Soldier's Museum" in Fredericksburg.  He will give a power
point presentation on civil war era  photography  and  will  bring  some
original  photographical equipment to demonstrate the different types of
photographic methods used during that period.  We have had  Mike  Gorman
speak  to  us on historic photographs now Mr.  Thormann will show us how
they were taken!                                                        



Jeffry Burden, Treasurer of Friends of Shockoe  Hill  Cemetery,  pointed
out  to  us that only three of the seven cemeteries owned by the City of
Richmond produces revenue today.  Shockoe is not one of the three.      

The cemetery in St.  John's churchyard filled up, creating  a  need  for
additional burial space.  Shockoe was created in 1822 on four acres.  By
1871 Shockoe had grown to its present 12.7  acres.   Burials  today  are
available only to family members in existing family plots.              

The  cemetery  is  laid  out  in  grids.  The nearby Alms House Hospital
became Confederate General Hospital #  1  during  the  War  Between  The
States and served as VMI barracks for the last six months of The War.   

The  City buried Union dead in Shockoe.  Many were later disinterred and
buried in national cemeteries.                                          

It is estimated that  there  are  400  Confederate  soldiers  buried  in

Shockoe also contains the only Hebrew military cemetery, looked after by
the Hebrew Ladies Memorial Association.                                 

The City has done a better job  of  maintenance  at  Shockoe  since  the
creation of the Friends organization.                                   

Jeffry  distributed a list of notables interred in Shockoe, along with a
map of the cemetery showing  where  they're  buried.   The  most  famous
people  buried  in  Shockoe  are  U.   S.   Supreme  Chief  Justice John
Marshall,  Yankee  spy  (and  Richmond  resident)  Elizabeth  Van   Lew,
legendary  Revolutionary  War hero Peter Francisco, and Richmond's first
mayor William Foushee.                                                  

One of the goals of the Friends organization is  to  make  Shockoe  Hill
Cemetery a tourist destination as are Hollywood and Oakwood.            


Writer's note:                                                          
At 3:30 PM Saturday 17 April, the Virginia Society of the Military Order
of the Stars and Bars will dedicate in Shockoe a grave marker to Captain
Shields S.  Luck of the 38th Virginia Infantry.  Longstreet Camp made  a
donation to cover part of the cost of installation of this marker.      

March meeting attendance: 28


Help Save Three Battlefields

Dear Battlefield Preservationist,                                       
You know that CWPT and its 55,000 members have been aggressively working
to  preserve, from scratch, the once unprotected Glendale, Davis Bridge,
and Ream's Station battlefields.  Now we have a new opportunity  to  add
even more hallowed ground at these three great battlefields.            

CWPT  has  put together a series of transactions that will turn every $1
you give into $7.35.  This great donation match will allow us to quickly
add  another  97.44  acres of battlefield land to these three sites.  By
saving important parts of the Glendale, Davis Bridge, and Ream's Station
battlefields,  you  will  be  saving  the  very  land  where  Union  and
Confederate forces under the commands of generals such as Hancock, Heth,
A.P.  Hill, Ord, Price, McClellan, and Lee fought.  Help us build on our
past success and secure victory at Glendale, Davis  Bridge,  and  Ream's
For more information visit CWPT's website:


Commander: Michael Kidd 270-9651 1st. Lt. Cmdr.: Taylor Cowardin 359-9277 2nd Lt. Cmdr.: Thomas G. Vance 282-6278 Adjutant/Treasurer: Walter Tucker 360-7247 Judge Advocate: Harry Boyd 741-2060 Quartermaster: R. Preston Nuttall 276-8977 Chaplain: Henry V. Langford 474-1978


War Horse editor and Webmaster: Gary F. Cowardin 262-0534 Website:



The following is a  listing  of  Longstreet  Camp  Donors  for  Virginia
Division  Special  Funds, Hurtt Scholarship Fund, Camp General Fund, and
the upkeep of "The Old War Horse" from  July  through  March  2010.   As
you  know,  our cumulative listing starts in July of each year and we do
not meet in August.                                                     

Walt Beam       Lloyd Brooks    Brian Cowardin         Clint Cowardin   
Taylor Cowardin Lee Crenshaw    Ray Crews              Jason Fazackarley
Dale Harlow     Michael Hendrick                       Don Jewett*      
Crawley Joyner  Jack Kane       Peter Knowles, II      Lewis Mills      
Conway Moncure                                                          
Bob Moore       Joe Moschetti   Joseph Sterling Price  Waite Rawls      
Peyton Roden    Cary Shelton    Chris Trinite          Walter Tucker    
Tom Vance       David Ware      Harold Whitmore        Hugh Williams

* in memory of his late son Chris, who was a Longstreet Camp member

Virginia Takes the Lead in Commemorating the War Between the States!

If you would like to learn more about the very impressive efforts of the Virginia Civil War Sesquicentennial Commission, take a look at the Commission's excellent website's upcoming events. (click below)
VA Sesquicentennial Logo

VA Governor Bob McDonnell Recognizes April 2010 as CONFEDERATE HISTORY MONTH

To read the proclamation see (or click) below:


The 150th Anniversaries Saturday, April 17, 2010 Come see your history in action! More than 15 museums and historical sites in partnership with The Future of Richmond's Past will offer a full day of free activities for the public at Civil War & Emancipation Day: the 150th Anniversaries. With the dual 150th commemorations of the beginning of the Civil War in 1861 and the end of slavery in 1865, 2011-2015 will remind residents and visitors that these pivotal historic events continue to have a lasting impact on our lives today. FREE admission for all to Richmond's historical sites and exhibits, FREE bus shuttles make travel to 15 sites easy, informative, and fun, FREE performances, presentations, tours, and demonstrations all day at the Tredegar, Shockoe, and Maggie Walker sites, FREE Segway Tours, and FREE Canal Boat tours. Participating Institutions: University of Richmond, Virginia Union University, Virginia Commonwealth University, American Civil War Center, Library of Virginia, Valentine Richmond History Center, The Museum of the Confederacy, Black History Museum and Cultural Center, National Park Service/Richmond National Battlefield Park and Maggie L. Walker National Historic Site, Elegba Folklore Society, Slave Trail Commission, Sacred Ground Reclamation Project, Richmond Metropolitan Convention and Visitors Bureau, Venture Richmond, and the Greater Richmond Chamber of Commerce. Exhibitors Include: 2nd Rhode Island Infantry, Black History Museum and Cultural Center of Virginia, Virginia Union University, Dabbs House Historic Site, Museum of the Confederacy, Sixth Mount Zion Baptist Church, Violet Bank, Virginia Commonwealth University Department of History, Virginia Aviation Museum, and Museum on Civil War Medicine, Virginia Historical Society, The College of William & Mary Sharpe Community Scholars, Sacred Ground Historical Reclamation Project, Valentine Richmond History Center, University of Virginia Department of History of Art and Architecture, James River Squadron, University of Richmond's Digital Scholarship Lab ...and more! More info: The Future of Richmond's Past 28 Westhampton Way, University of Richmond, VA 23173 Contact: Carolyn Martin Office: 804-289-8002 Fax: 804-287-6540
Visit The American Civil War Center at Historic Tredegar and their Events Calendar
Visit the The Museum of the Confederacy Online and their Events Calendar for MOC Events Calendar
Pamplin Historical Park and The National Museum of the Civil War Soldier and their Special Events Calendar

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