ls-ls-nltr.jpg THE OLD WAR HORSE
VOLUME 13, ISSUE 2,           February 2011
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A quick jump to the articles in this issue:
Commander's Comments, Adjutant's Report, February Program (next),
January Program (last), Camp Officers, Longstreet's First Corps, Coming Events,


Well, if you are anything like me then you are probably a bit  tired  of
the  cold/warm  weather that keeps hitting the Richmond area - and would
be very happy if it would just make up its mind  already!   Having  just
gone  thru  a bout of the flu myself - my advice to you is keep yourself
as healthy as you can right now and we will all get thru  the  remainder
of this winter together.                                                

This  time  of  year  always  causes  me to reflect back to what General
Washington and his troops at Valley  Forge  went  through  during  those
horrible  winters.  General Jackson and his Valley troops and the Romney
Campaign in the winter  of  1861-1862  ;  General  Lee  and  his  troops
defending  the trenches outside of Petersburg in the winter of 1864-1865
against  a  vastly  superior  force  in  men  and  materials  (but   not
leadership)  is  definitely  an  image  that  comes  to mind.  The 101st
Airborne Division being surrounded by vastly numerical  superior  German
forces  around  Bastogne is an image that definitely comes to mind.  The
most famous quote of the battle came from the 101st's acting  commander,
Brigadier  General  Anthony  McAuliffe,  who told his German counterpart
"NUTS!" ( the commander of the 327th GIR interpreted it  to  the  German
truce  party as "Go to hell!").  We need to try and remember that we are
a part of these people-this past,  and  that  they  should  be  properly
honored for their service and duty to their country.                    

In  past  comments you have heard me talk about my family's searches for
our  ancestors,  and  the  successes  (and  failures)   that   we   have
experienced.   Certainly  finding  out  that  you  are related to one of
General Lee's personal couriers who was with him at  Appomattox  on  the
morning  of  April  9,  1865,  does  give one a special feeling (William
Aylor, 7th Va.  Infantry).  When I am talking with people about the  SCV
and  what  we,  as  an organization, really stand for - they become very
fascinated and start to ask questions about who they are, and where they
may  come  from.  It is a very time consuming project, but the knowledge
that you can uncover is immeasurable.  Granted it  may  not  answer  all
questions,  but  it  is  a  starting point for many - so I encourage all
members to continue to  look  for  your  ancestors.   You  may  be  very
surprised who you are related to.                                       

February  is  a  time when we are all asking ourselves - "When is Spring
going to get here?" Try to remember to check on your friends, family and
neighbors  just  to make sure that everyone is safe and warm.  With that
said - I  want  to  challenge  ALL  Longstreet  Camp  members  to  start
attending the monthly meetings at Roma's restaurant again.  We have been
experiencing a drop-off in attendance at the monthly meetings  for  some
time  now  and  it  is  definitely a concern of the Longstreet Executive
Committee-and myself.  Bring a friend, a  family  member,  a  spouse,  a
neighbor,  but  start attending the camp meetings again - your continued
support is what makes this camp strong.                                 

Remember - "Longstreet is the Camp boys - Longstreet is the Camp!"

I look forward to seeing everyone at our next camp meeting!

Deo Vindice!                       


Commonwealth of Virginia state holiday Lee-Jackson Day  14  January  was
observed  with a commemoration at the State Capitol sponsored by the SCV
and the UDC.  That date is the birthday of Matthew Fontaine  Maury,  the
Pathfinder of the Seas.                                                 

The  Longstreet  Camp celebrates Confederate History Month eleven months
out of the  year  by  meeting,  commemorating  our  ancestors,  enjoying
fellowship   with  fellow  desecendants  of  Confederate  soldiers,  and
learning more about The War.  Something new is  always  being  revealed.
Thanks to Camp LCDR Taylor Cowardin for obtaining speakers.             

The  Sesquicentennial  should cause us to reflect on events of the years
1861-65.  An author wrote, "We are unwise to view the past  through  the
prism of the present." Too many citizens of the 21st century ignore that
sage advice and assume a position of moral superiority, asking about our
ancestors,  "How  could  they  have  done that?" They totally ignore the
conditions and circumstances of the time.                               

February 1861 was a significant month in  our  history.   Texas  seceded
from  the  Union,  bringing  to  seven  the  number  of  states that had
departed.  On 4 February a convention  of  the  seceded  states  met  in
Montgomery,   Alabama.    On   8  February  the  new  nation  adopted  a
constitution.  The next day, Jefferson Davis was elected  president  and
Alexander Stephens vice president.                                      

1861  will  be the focus of a Museum of the Confederacy symposium at the
Library of Virginia on Saturday 26  February.   Scheduled  speakers  are
historians  Ed  Bearss,  William  C.   "Jack"  Davis,  Chris Kolakowski,
Lauranett Lee, and Bud Robertson.   Bearss,  Davis,  and  Robertson  are
household  names among War for Southern Independence aficionados and are
always interesting.  Visit the Museum's web site  or       
call  (804)  649-1861  if you're interested in attending.  Past programs
have always been worthwhile and are a bright spot in the bleak winter.  

The Virginia  Sesquicentennial  Commission  is  sponsoring  a  signature
conference   at  Virginia  Tech's  Cassell  Coliseum  Saturday  21  May.
Conference Chairman  Bud  Robertson  will  be  joined  by  knowledgeable
historians James M.  Bowen, Jack Davis, Dennis Frye, Gary Gallagher, Joe
Glatthaar, Richard McMurry, Richard Sommers, and Steven Woodworth. Visit
Sesqui web site for more information.              

1861  was  a significant year for my Confederate ancestors.  On 21 April
my great grandfather Robert L.  Tucker enlisted as a private in  Company
G  of  the  1st  Virginia  Infantry.  Six days later he was detached and
became an orderly at the Custom House in Richmond.  Many of his  records
in the National Archives are receipts signed by him for commuted rations
at the rate of 40 cents a day.  On 7 May my great grandfather Andrew  B.
Cauthorn  enlisted  as  an  ordnance  sergeant  in Company C of the 26th
Virginia Infantry.  As a 2nd Lieutenant, he  was  captured  at  Jordan's
Farm 15 June 1864 and spent the remainder of The War as a POW.          

We  received  a very nice donation to the Buck Hurtt Scholarship Fund at
the January meeting.  Contributions to this fund  and  to  the  Old  War
Horse  are  always  welcome.  Thanks to Gary Cowardin for making our web
site and Old War Horse outstanding.                                     



NEXT MEETING - TUESDAY, February 15, 2011




Our February speaker will be Scott Williams.  Scott has been a Civil War
reenactor  for  10  years  and has participated in many Civil War battle
reenactments.   Scott  is  an  author  and  mapmaker,  working  on  maps
published in several Civil War publications.  Scott also works as a tour
guide on the Discovering the James' Discovery Barge  II,  detailing  the
events  and  stories  from  the  war.   Scott will speak to us about the
history of the James River during the War Between the States.           



Retired Army Major Bob Froman, editor of the  Bermuda  Hundred  Campaign
Tour  Guide published by the Chesterfield Historical Society, opened his
talk by reminding us that six "On to Richmond" campaigns had turned into
"Back  to  Washington"  marches  under  six  different Yankee commanding
generals.  This changed in March 1864  when  President  Abraham  Lincoln
brought  Ulysses  S.   Grant  to Washington and put him in charge of all
Yankee armies as a lieutenant general.  Grant planned total war in which
the  Confederate armies would be defeated on battlefields without regard
to conquering territory.                                                

There were three  elements  of  Yankee  strategy  in  Virginia.   Yankee
general  Franz  Siegel's  troops would march up the Shenandoah Valley to
attempt to defeat John Breckenridge's Confederates.  George G.   Meade's
Army  of  the  Potomac,  accompanied  by Grant, would begin the Overland
Campaign at the Wilderness trying to defeat Robert  E.   Lee's  Army  of
Northern  Virginia.   Major  General Benjamin Butler's Army of the James
would attempt another "On to Richmond"  campaign  via  Bermuda  Hundred.
Butler's  immediate  subordinates were generals Quincy Gillmore of the X
Corps and William F.  "Baldy" Smith  of  the  XVIII  Corps.   They  were
opposed by Confederate generals Beauregard and Pickett in Petersburg.   

40,000  Yankess  boarded  ships  at  Yorktown  and  proceeded to Bermuda
Hundred.  On 6 May 54 Yankee regiments were  opposed  by  one  Tennessee
brigade  and one regiment, the 21st South Carolina.  Odds were 100 to 1.
More Confederate regiments arrived.  Yankees retreated on  May  7  after
being opposed by troops under Johnson Hagood and Bushrod Johnson.       

On  8  May  Pickettt ordered South Carolinians south behind Swift Creek.
Butler gave his soldiers the day off.                                   

On 9 May the Yankee 10th Corps went to Chester Station and the  18th  to
Port  Walthall  Junction.   200  Confederates  attacked  the 18th Corps.
Confederate artillery stopped the Yanks.                                

Butller canceled the proposed attack across Swift Creek on 10 May  after
Gillmore  and  Smith  opposed  the  plan.  The next day, the Yankees got
another day off.  Seven Confederate brigades came north from Petersburg.
Smith refused to attack on 13 May.                                      

On 16 May Confederates under generals Seth Maxwell Barton and William R.
Terry attacked the  Yankee  right  flank.   Yankee  General  Charles  A.
Heckman  was  captured  as  Yankee brigades were smashed.  On 20 May the
Howlett Line was established, and the  Yankees  in  Grant's  words  were
"corked in a bottle."                                                   

The  Bermuda  Hundred  Campaign  has been overshadowed by the larger and
bloodier Overland Campaign, but was a key element in the prolonging  The
War.   Butler's  failure  to break the Confederate lines caused Grant to
spend 9  months besieging Petersburg.                                  

At our meeting several of our  members  bought  copies  of  the  Bermuda
Hundred  Tour  Guide.   Two  books  about  this  campaign, "Back Door to
Richmond,"  by  William  Glenn  Robertson  and  "The   Bermuda   Hundred
Campaign,"  by  Herbert  M.   Schiller,  are in the Library of Virginia.
Robertson's book, which is preferred by Major Froman, is in the  Henrico

January meeting attendance: 23


Commander: Michael Kidd 270-9651 1st. Lt. Cmdr.: Taylor Cowardin 359-9277 2nd Lt. Cmdr.: Thomas G. Vance 334-3745 Adjutant/Treasurer: Walter Tucker 360-7247 Judge Advocate: Harry Boyd 741-2060 Quartermaster: R. Preston Nuttall 276-8977 Chaplain: Henry V. Langford 474-1978


War Horse editor & Webmaster: Gary F. Cowardin 262-0534 Website:



Longstreet Camp Donors to  Virginia  Division  Special  Funds,  Old  War
Horse, Hurtt Scholarship Fund, and Longstreet Camp General Fund.  As you
know, our cumulative listing starts in July of each year and we  do  not
meet in August.          1 July through 28 January 2011                 

Bill Akers        Walt Beam         Brian Cowardin        Clint Cowardin  
Lee Crenshaw      Ray Crews         Jerold Evans          Michael Hendrick
Pat Hoggard	  Crawley Joyner    Jack Kane             Andy Keller     
Mike Kidd         Peter Knowles,II  Lewis Mills           Conway Mocure   
Bob Moore         Joe Moschetti     Joe Price             Waite Rawls     
Peyton Roden,Sr.  Cary Shelton      Chris Trinite         Walter Tucker   
Hugh Williams                                                             


Visit Virginia 150 Sesquicentennial Events
VA Sesquicentennial Logo
Visit The American Civil War Center at Historic Tredegar and their Events Calendar
Visit the The Museum of the Confederacy Online and their Events Calendar for MOC Events Calendar
Pamplin Historical Park and The National Museum of the Civil War Soldier and their Special Events Calendar

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