ls-ls-nltr.jpg THE OLD WAR HORSE
VOLUME 13, ISSUE 3,           March 2011
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A quick jump to the articles in this issue:
Commander's Comments, Adjutant's Report, March Program (next+more),
February Program (last), Camp Officers, Longstreet's First Corps, Article, Coming Events,


As I sit to write this month's Commander's Comments,  I  am  once  again
left  with the perplexing question: Will the month of March roll in like
a lion and leave like a lamb?  or vice versa.  One thing  is  for  sure,
while  this  winter  hasn't  been  as  bad  as  recent  winters  we have
experienced - unfortunately it's not over with yet.                     

March finds us dealing  with  many  tremendous  changes  in  our  lives,
families  and  friends,  and quite possibly our surroundings.  Change is
inevitable - and in our lives we will all face it many times, but change
can  be for the good.  Often times General Robert E.  Lee would be faced
with change: reorganizing the Army of Northern Virginia after a  vicious
fight   with   the  Yankee's;  changing  the  leadership  roles  of  his
most-trusted commanders and generals; or having to change  his  thinking
entirely   towards  a  campaign  because  of  unforeseen  circumstances.
Throughout their entire military  career,  and  their  lives,  men  like
Robert  E.   Lee,  Stonewall Jackson and James Longstreet faced change -
and they managed to  persevere  from  these  changes.   The  Confederacy
itself  as  a  nation  went  through constant struggles with change, and
ultimately with the outcome of  the  war,  the  Confederacy  itself  was
changed forever.                                                        

It  was  about  a year ago that I had the good fortune to accompany Don,
Karen, and Katie Jewett plus Dale Harlow into Goochland County so that I
could visit with them the grave of their son and Longstreet Camp member,
Chris.  As I told the Jewetts,  after seeing where they had laid Chris's
remains,  I could see why he would have wanted to be laid to rest there.
It's a very beautiful; very peaceful; very picturesque part of the area,
and  I  am  deeply  grateful that they decided to share this with me.  I
hope to return to that area  in  the  spring-with  their  permission  of

I  saw  a  recent  posting  on  Google  that was advertising tickets for
purchase for the Manassas re-enactment coming in July of this year. This
will  be  the  Commonwealth of Virginia's first real opportunity to show
the many visitors what celebrating the Sequential of the War Between the
States  is  truly  all about.  I encourage ALL members of the Longstreet
Camp to be present for this re-enactment so we can help  to  spread  the
word  about the SCV-and what being a member means to us.  Who knows - we
might help to change a few minds in the process.  One can only hope.    

We  are  fast  approaching  the  April  Virginia  Division   SCV   State
Convention,  and  this  year we will NOT be electing new officers - just
voting on some proposed amendments.  My hat's off to Commander Mike Rose
for  a  job  well  done  over  the past year.  We all wish him continued

I  look  forward  to  seeing  everyone  at  our  next  camp  meeting   -
unfortunately  I  will  not be able to attend as I have recently changed
jobs and my new position has me working some evening  hours  but,  I  do
continue to encourage everyone to attend our monthly camp meetings.     

Remember - "Longstreet is the Camp boys - Longstreet is the Camp!"

I look forward to seeing everyone at our next camp meeting!

Deo Vindice!                       


We welcome new member Paul Sacra, whose ancestor served in Company C  of
the 46th North Carolina Infantry and was killed 10 May 1864.  We plan to
induct Paul at our next meeting.                                        

We wish Lewis Mills a speedy and complete recovery from a broken bone in
his shoulder.                                                           

June  will  be  here before we know it.  Early in that month we shall be
presenting to the outstanding  senior  history  student  at  Douglas  S.
Freeman  High School our Camp's Buck Hurtt Scholarship Award.  Donations
to the Scholarship Fund, as well as to The Old War Horse, can be made at
any  Camp  meeting  or  can  be  mailed  to me at 2524 Hawkesbury Court,
Henrico, VA 23233-2426.  Make your check payable to  Longstreet  Camp  #
1247  and  indicate in the memo section how you want your donation to be

The Sesquicentennial of the War for  Southern  Independence  is  rolling
into  high  gear  as  the  significant  month  of April approaches.  All
students of The War  are  indebted  to  our  Camp  member  Waite  Rawls,
President  and  CEO of the Museum of the Confederacy, and his able staff
member John Coski, the Museum's Historian and Director  of  Library  and
Research,  for  the outstanding program at the Library of Virginia on 26
February.  The seminar featured five knowledgeable  historians  speaking
on  their  choices  for 1861's Person of the Year.  Each historian spoke
and answered questions for 45 minutes.  They sat as a panel in the  last
hour  of  the seminar and answered more questions.  As was the case with
Time Magazine's Person of the Year, the choice was the person  with  the
most  impact without regard to the character or popularity of the person

Chief National Park Service Historian  Emeritus  Ed  Bearss  talked  for
awhile  about  the  background  of  his  choice  before naming him.  His
candidate Pierre   G. T. Beauregard's record in the U.  S.  Army led  to
his  selection as superintendent of the  U. S.  Military Academy at West
Point in January 1861.  He arrived there on the 23rd, but  was  relieved
of  the  position three days later.  He protested his relief to no avail
and headed home to Louisiana.  In  late  February  he  traveled  to  the
Confederate  capital  at  Montgomery,  Alabama  ,  where  he received an
appointment as brigadier general in the Confederate army.  He  was  sent
to  Charleston,  South  Carolina  to  command forces there.  He was well
received by Charlestonians.  Yankee Major  Robert  Anderson  refused  to
surrender  Fort  Sumter,  which was fired upon to open The War in April.
Beauregard went to Richmond and in July was sent  to  Manassas  Junction
with  6,000  soldiers  to  repel the Yankee invasion.  General Joseph E.
Johnston followed  with  10,000  soldiers  and  agreed  to  serve  under
Beauregard  during  the battle.  The Confederate victory made Beauregard
the best known military figure in the Confederacy.                      

Virginia Tech historian and prolific  author   William  C. "Jack"  Davis
nominated  Abraham  Lincoln, who wisely put several of his rivals in his
cabinet and let them know that  he  was  in  charge  and  would  not  be
manipulated  by  them.   Lincoln  was  not  a  thumb  twiddler  like his
predecessor in the White House, James Buchanan.   After  the  firing  on
Fort  Sumter  Lincoln  called  for  75,000  volunteers  to  put down the
insurrection.  He felt that preserving the Union was his  constitutional
duty.   He endeared himself to the soldiers by taking responsibility for
the Union's defeat at Manassas.  Lincoln's practical approach to  things
was  demonstrated  by his backing down in the Trent affair, preventing a
possible war with Great Britain.  Lincoln did  not  allow  his  personal
preferences to hinder his working with his cabinet and his generals.    

Christopher  Kolakowski, Director of the General George Patton Museum at
Fort Knox, nominated Governor Beriah Magoffin of Kentucky, a  bellwether
state  which  was  ninth in population.  Louisville was the 12th largest
city in the country.  Kentucky's motto was "United we stand; divided  we
fall."  Kentucky  had  significant  commercial  relationships  with both
northern and southern states.  The Ohio River was the northern border of
Kentucky  and  was  a  major  transportation  artery,  being  fed by the
Tennessee  and  Cumberland  Rivers,  and   feeding   into   the   mighty
Mississippi.   Governor  Magoffin was partial to the South, but he tried
to keep Kentucky neutral.  This was doomed.  Yankee General Bull Nelson,
a  Kentuckian, established a Union training camp in Kentucky called Camp
Dick Robinson.  Confederate General Leonidas Polk, a friend of Jefferson
Davis,  violated  Kentucky's  neutrality  by  launching an attack in the
Bluegrass State.  Ulysses S.  Grant wisely captured Paducah.   Unionists
took  control  of  the Kentucky legislature and stripped Magoffin of his
authority  over  the  militia.   Kentucky  remained  in  the  Union  and
consequently was spared the harsh Reconstruction meted out to the states
which joined the Confederacy.                                           

The last two speakers of the day nominated groups of people, rather than
specific individuals.  That was also done a few times by Time Magazine. 

Lauranett  Lee,  Curator  of  African-American  Studies  at the Virginia
Historical Society, nominated ex-slaves who were declared contraband  of
war,  following  the  pattern  established  by  Yankee  General Benjamin
"Beast" Butler when three ex-slaves turned themselves in at Fort Monroe.
Butler  turned  down  a  request  by  Confederate John B.  Cary that the
slaves be returned to their owners.  Robert Moody, one of the three, was
formerly owned by Richard Epes, owner of Appomattox Manor at City Point.
Moody ran away with his owner's pistol.  Epes was shocked that his slave
would  run  away.   The  ex-slaves  felt that they were moving closer to
freedom by going into the Yankees' lines and camps.  The men were put to
work  and  contributed  to  the  Union  war effort.  This diminished the
Southern work force, thus having a doubly bad effect on the Confederacy.
There was no provision for women and children.                          

The   inimitable  Bud  Robertson,  distinguished  history  professor  at
Virginia Tech,  author of the outstanding biography of Stonewall Jackson
and  other  books,  and  Chairman  of  the  1961-1965 National Civil War
Centennial Commission, nominated the Virginia volunteers who cast  their
lot with their state.  In 1860, most Virginians condidered their highest
loyalty to be to their state.  The only thing the federal government did
for  most  of  them  was  to  run  the Postal Service.  Those Virginians
believed  strongly  in  the  10th  Amendmeent.   The   Kentucky-Virginia
resolutions  of  the  18th  century  considered the Constitution to be a
compact between sovereign states.  Most Virginians would not  stand  for
the coercion by Abraham Lincoln when he called for volunteers from every
state to quell what  he  called  the  rebellion.   The  most  noteworthy
Virginians  to  answer  the  call of their state were  Robert E. Lee and
Thomas J. Jackson.                                                      

After the panel discussion those attending the seminar voted  for  their
1861  Person  of  the  Year.   Abraham  Lincoln  was  the  winner by the
narrowest of margins, with the volunteer soldiers and  sailors  a  close



NEXT MEETING - TUESDAY, March 15, 2011




Our March speaker will be Catherine Wright, Curator at the Museum of the
Confederacy.  Her program is titled "Message In A Bottle." She will give
a power point presentation about decoding a cryptic message enclosed  in
a  vial  dating  back  to  the  Siege  of Vicksburg.  The bottle had sat
undisturbed at the museum since 1896 when it was given by Capt.  William
A.   Smith  of  King  George  County  who  was at the Siege.  This story
recently made national headlines and the presentation is sure to be very



Mike Gorman has agreed to come back and give a power point  presentation
about Drewry's Bluff at our April 19th meeting.                         

Marc Ramsey is going to speak to us about the 7th SC Cavalry at the June
21th Meeting.                                                           



Mike  &  Scott

Scott Williams told us that the first James River incident  in  the  War
for  Southern Independence was a rumor in April 1861 that the USS Pawnee
was coming up the river to bombard the city.  This caused  panic,  which
only  went  away  when  the  truth  came out that the Yankee ship wasn't

In May 1862 the USS Galena (a wooden ship with  iron  plates),  and  USS
Monitor  approached  Drewry's Bluff.  The Yankee ships could not elevate
their guns enough to shell the Confederate gun batteries, 90 feet  above
the river. In 3  hours, 12 sailors of the Galena were killed.  Galena's
Corporal John Freeman Mackie USMC received the first Medal of  Honor  in
the  War  for maintaining his musket fire against Confederate rifle pits
along the shore and for manning a ship's gun when the regular gunner was
wounded  or  killed.  Achieving nothing, the Yankee ships went back down
the river.                                                              

In August 1863 several Yankee warships came up  the  James  to  "make  a
demonstration."  Confederate  torpedoes exploded under the starboard bow
of USS Commodore Barney.  An officer was killed and three  sailors  were
wounded.  20 men were washed overboard, of whom two apparently drowned. 

Three  Yankee ships, Commodore Jones, Commodore Maury, and Mackinaw came
up the river in 1864.  Jones was sunk by a  torpedo,  and  69  men  were
killed.    Mackinaw   sent   a   shore  party  in,  which  captured  two
Confederates.  They revealed the locations of other torpedo stations.   

During the spring 1864 Bermuda Hundred Campaign, Beast Butler  attempted
to  avoid Battery Dantzler by digging the Dutch Gap Canal.  He estimated
it being done in 10 days; it took four months.  Yankees blew up the last
segment,  and  much  of  the dirt went back into the canal, rendering it
useless for the duration of the War.                                    

At the end  of  September  1864  the  Yankees  captured  Fort  Harrison.
Confederate  ships  fired  into  the  captured fort, but it could not be

Th last gasp of the James River Squadron was the January 1865 battle  of
Trent's  Reach.   SCC  Virginia  II  and  CSS Richmond ran aground.  CSS
Fredericksburg retreated.                                               


February meeting attendance: 26


Commander: Michael Kidd 270-9651 1st. Lt. Cmdr.: Taylor Cowardin 359-9277 2nd Lt. Cmdr.: Thomas G. Vance 334-3745 Adjutant/Treasurer: Walter Tucker 360-7247 Judge Advocate: Harry Boyd 741-2060 Quartermaster: R. Preston Nuttall 276-8977 Chaplain: Henry V. Langford 474-1978


War Horse editor & Webmaster: Gary F. Cowardin 262-0534 Website:



Longstreet Camp Donors to  Virginia  Division  Special  Funds,  Old  War
Horse, Hurtt Scholarship Fund, and Longstreet Camp General Fund.  As you
know, our cumulative listing starts in July of each year and we  do  not
meet in August.          1 July through 28 February 2011                

Bill Akers        Walt Beam         Brian Cowardin        Clint Cowardin  
Lee Crenshaw      Ray Crews         Jerold Evans          Michael Hendrick
Pat Hoggard	  Crawley Joyner    Jack Kane             Andy Keller     
Mike Kidd         Peter Knowles,II  Lewis Mills           Conway Mocure   
Bob Moore Joe Moschetti Joe Price Waite  Rawls  Peyton  Roden,Sr.   Cary
Shelton Chris Trinite Walter Tucker Hugh Williams

Confederate Heritage Rally Montgomery Alabama, Feb. 19, 2011

Conway B. Moncure, Chapter Member and Commander of General George E. Pickett Chapter #115, seen here in period dress attending the reenactment of the installation ceremony of Jefferson Davis as President of the Confederate States of America. Before a crowd of over 1,000 flag waving marchers, many in uniform and period dress, the inauguration took place at noon on the steps of the Capital Building where Davis took the oath of office 150 years ago. The rally was sponsored by SCV National Headquarters and Alabama SCV. Leaders gave patriotic speeches amid cannon salutes while all sang Dixie at the raising of the Stars and Bars. After the rally, Moncure visited The First White House in Montgomery, and the newly renovated Davis Mansion, "Beauvoir" in Biloxi, Mississippi.


Visit Virginia 150 Sesquicentennial Events
VA Sesquicentennial Logo
Visit The American Civil War Center at Historic Tredegar and their Events Calendar
Visit the The Museum of the Confederacy Online and their Events Calendar for MOC Events Calendar
Pamplin Historical Park and The National Museum of the Civil War Soldier and their Special Events Calendar

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