ls-ls-nltr.jpg THE OLD WAR HORSE
VOLUME 13, ISSUE 5,           May 2011
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A quick jump to the articles in this issue:
Commander's Comments, Adjutant's Report, May Program (next+more),
April Program (last), Camp Officers, Cleanup Crew, Longstreet's First Corps, 1861 Events, Coming Events,


As I have stated here previously, the month of May is a  very  important
part  of  our  Confederate Heritage, and is something we all can be very
proud of-especially this year.  A great battle  occurred  on  the  North
American  continent  in  1863  when  a  heavily  out-numbered  force  of
Confederates led by General Robert E.  Lee, outfought, out soldiered and
resoundingly  defeated  the vastly superior but poorly led Union Army of
the Potomac at the Battle of Chancellorsville.  This  battle  has  often
been  called  Lee and Jackson's masterpiece because in the face of over-
whelming forces, numerous times  General  Lee  divided  his  forces  and
attacked  the  poorly  led  Union  forces  and  ultimately  routed them.
Unfortunately, the brave and  valiant  General  Stonewall  Jackson  fell
victim to a volley of smoothbore musket fire from nervous North Carolina
troops, and died of pneumonia several days later.                       

The month of May one year later saw the beginnings  of  General  Grant's
vicious  and  deadly  Overland  Campaign  with the opening battle in the
Wilderness.  It was during this battle on May  6th  that  General  Lee's
"Old  War  Horse" - our very own General James Longstreet, was felled in
similar circumstances as General  Jackson  the  year  earlier.   General
Longstreet  was  fired  upon  and wounded by troops under the command of
General Kershaw.  Fortunately  for  the  Confederacy  and  General  Lee,
General Longstreet survived his wounding and was later able to return to
command - although without the use of one of his arms for the  remainder
of the war.                                                             

The  events  that recently occurred have caused me to take a few moments
and contemplate what being an  American  is  all  about.   While  I  was
satisfied  and relieved to finally hear the news back on May 1st that we
had gotten the most notorious terrorist in  my  life-time  -  Osama  Bin
Laden,  I  was  also concerned for the safety of our American troops all
over the world.  These brave men and women  stand  guard  against  those
forces  that  would  attempt  to  do us and our country harm - we should
remember them all on Memorial Day this year.  Those who have fallen  and
those  who  have  taken  their  place.   I  strongly  encourage each and
everyone one of you to attend a Memorial Day service-or two  this  year,
and to show how proud you are of your Confederate Heritage, but also how
proud you are to be an American.  I know that I am - and I will continue
to  do  so  anyway  that  I  possibly  can,  and at the same time I will
continue to  help  friends,  colleagues  and  neighbors  have  a  better
understanding about our cause for which we all stand for.               

As  we  continue with our struggle of trying to save our history and our
heritage, I am reminded of what the great  reporter  Edward  R.   Murrow
once  said  -  "We  can deny our heritage and our history, but we cannot
escape responsibilities for the results".  Something to think about  the
next time you hear someone talking down to those of us who wish to honor
and educate others of our heritage and our history because they both are
so much a part of who we are as Americans today.                        

Remember - "Longstreet is the Camp boys - Longstreet is the Camp!"

I look forward to seeing everyone at our next camp meeting!

Deo Vindice!                       


We have received from Headquarters the membership certificate of Phillip
Lasley  Jones, whose ancestor Charles McAnally Lasley served in the 21st
North Carolina Infantry.  We plan to induct Phillip at our May meeting. 

Many thanks to Bill, Will, Bryant, and Stewart  Akers,  Clint  Cowardin,
Lee  Crenshaw,  Gene Golden, Don Jewett, Lewis Mills, and Paul Sacra for
joining me in the road cleanup of Longstreet Camp's one mile section  of
Studley  Road,  Hanover County on Saturday 9 April.  Because of the good
turnout of volunteers we finished in record time of an hour and a half. 

The Virginia Division Convention in Front Royal 1-3 April went smoothly.
There  are  2,893  members of the Division in 78 camps.  Lee Hart of the
Oakwood Cemetery Committee reported that the relationship with the  City
of  Richmond  is  good.   The  City has installed at its expense upright
section markers and street signs in the Confederate  section.   A  grant
has  been  received  to  refurbish the gazebo.  On the down side, the VA
continues its refusal to provide upright grave markers.   The  Committee
has enlisted the assistance of Senator Jim Webb's office in this matter.

The 2012 Virginia Division Convention is scheduled for Virginia Beach 30
March-1 April.                                                          

On Memorial Day Monday 30 May there will be a service at the Confederate
Chapel,  2900  Grove  Avenue.  The John Marshall High School Alumni Band
will play at 9:00 AM, and the service will be at 10:00.                 

The Virginia Division's Jefferson Davis Birthday Commemoration  will  be
at  Hollywood  Cemetery  on Saturday 4 June.  That program will start at
9:00 AM, an hour earlier than in the past.   The  John  Marshall  Alumni
Band will also play at this event.                                      

For  the first time since 2008, Jackie and I went to Charleston, SC, for
the reunion of my ship USS Betelgeuse (AK-260).  Four shipmates from  my
time  aboard  1955-56  were  present.   Two of them came originally from
Mississippi; one still lives there.   The  other  Missippian  married  a
Pennsylvanian  and  has  lived in that commonwealth for many years.  She
said she'd converted him to a Yankee, but I said , "No way!"            

As always, we stopped to eat at Maurice's BBQ in Santee, SC.   The  food
was  good,  but  we were disappointed that Confederate pictures formerly
displayed inside  were  no  longer  there.   Flag  poles  outside  which
formerly  held  flags  of  Confederate  states  were  bare.  There was a
Confederate flag under an American flag on the main flag  pole  outside.
We  asked  about  the missing items and were told that Maurice's son has
taken over the business and removed the items mentioned.  How sad.      

In  Charleston  we  visited  the  Confederate  Museum,  which  was  very
interesting  and  had some great artifacts.  Among these was gold fringe
from an old battle flag made by the ladies of Richmond and presented  by
General  Longstreet  to  the  Palmetto  Sharpshooters,  who  carried  it
throughout The War.  Two knowledgeable UDC ladies were on duty and  were
pleasant to converse with.                                              

The  list of units by state and arm in last month's War Horse stimulated
some discussion.  The Confederate ancestor of Bill and Will Akers served
in  the  same  Kentucky  cavalry  unit  with  ancestors  of  2nd Brigade
Commander Doug Pruiett.  A review of the list revealed several errors by
me,  for  which  I  apologize.   The  corrected list adds some units not
previously included and the unit of the ancestor of our newest member.  

The revised list shows:                                                 

State and Arm		# serving

Virginia Infantry      31
Virginia Cavalry        8
Virginia Artillery      6
North Carolina Infantry 4
South Carolina Infantry 4
North Carolina Cavalry  2
Tennessee Infantry      2
Alabama Cavalry         1
Alabama Infantry        1
Georgia Infantry        1
Kentucky Cavalry        1
Louisiana Artillery     1
Louisiana Infantry      1
South Carolina Cavalry  1
Tennessee Cavalry       1
         Sub total     65

Generals                3
Engineer Corps          1
Navy                    1
Surgeon                 1
          Other total   6

          Grand total  71

Again at the April meeting nice contributions  were  made  to  the  Buck
Hurtt  Scholarship Fund and to the Old War Horse.  The Scholarship grant
is ordinarily made in early June at the senior awards night  of  Douglas
S.   Freeman High School.  This will be the ninth year that our Camp has
made this award.  Donations are always welcome and appreciated.         







Our May Speaker will be Ashley Whitehead, a SCEP Park  Ranger  with  the
Richmond  National  Battlefield  Park.   Ashley  will speak to us on the
battle of Second Cold Harbor.  Ashley received a BA  degree  in  history
from  the College of William and Mary, Master of Arts from West Virginia
University, and is currently working towards  a  PhD  in  19th  centrury
American history.                                                       


Marc Ramsey is going to speak to us about the 7th SC Cavalry at the June
21th Meeting.                                                           



Mike Gorman's title page in his Drewry's Bluff  Powerpoint  presentation
said it well, "Taken only in photographs."                              

The  scuttling  of CSS Virginia on 11 May 1862 left the James River open
to the Yankees, or so they thought.  The  Navy  high  command  sent  the
Monitor, the ironclad Galena, and the experimental ship Naugatuck up the
river and assumed that they could shell Richmond into submission.       

The Connfederates built a fort in a week 90 feet  above  the  river  and
installed  a  three  gun  battery.   The crew of CSS Virginia manned the
fort.  Obstructions were placed in the river.                           

On 15 May Galena anchored broadside just below  the  fort.   Confederate
sharpshooters  on  the  banks  shot  Marines  and  sailors on the ships.
Corporal John Freeman Mackie  USMC  received  the  Medal  of  Honor  for
manning a gun aboard Galena in the face of enemy fire.                  

Monitor  was worthless because she couldn't elevate her gun.  Galena was
hit 46 times.  The gun on the Naugatuck  blew  up.   Shots  pierced  the
boiler  of  Galena.   Yankee Commander John Rodgers said that Galena was
not shot proof.  The Confederates won the day, and  Richmond  was  never
again attacked by the Yankee Navy, due to the guns of Drewry's Bluff.   

Galena was later stripped of her iron and became a blockading ship.     

Drewry's  Bluff  was  built up.  CSS Patrick Henry was a school ship for
the Confederate Naval Academy.  Excursion boats  came  to  the  fort  on
weekends.  Confederate Naval officer Sidney Smith Lee, brother of Robert
E., was commanding officer.   2/3  of  Confederate  Marines  trained  at
Drewry's Bluff.  Raphael Semmes was the last commanding officer.        

The  Yankees  took  over  Drewry's  Bluff  after  the Confederate Army's
abandonment of Richmond April 1865 and manned the fort for three months.
They were an unhappy lot, since many of their friends had gone home.    

The photographers came during Yankee occupation, and Mike showed us many
of their pictures.  They, along  with  many  others  from  the  National
Archives, can be seen on his web site:      Everyone
interested in The War is indebted to Mike for the great work he's  doing
in making these photographs available and organizing them.              

April meeting attendance: 27


Commander: Michael Kidd 270-9651 1st. Lt. Cmdr.: Taylor Cowardin 359-9277 2nd Lt. Cmdr.: Thomas G. Vance 334-3745 Adjutant/Treasurer: Walter Tucker 360-7247 Judge Advocate: Harry Boyd 741-2060 Quartermaster: R. Preston Nuttall 276-8977 Chaplain: Henry V. Langford 474-1978


War Horse editor & Webmaster: Gary F. Cowardin 262-0534 Website:

The Longstreet Adopt A Road Cleanup Crew:

Bill, Will, Bryant, and Stewart Akers, Clint Cowardin, Walter,
Lee Crenshaw, Gene Golden, Don Jewett, Lewis Mills, and Paul Sacra (not in order)
The Akers family had to depart before the pictures were taken.



Longstreet Camp Donors to  Virginia  Division  Special  Funds,  Old  War
Horse, Hurtt Scholarship Fund, and Longstreet Camp General Fund.  As you
know, our cumulative listing starts in July of each year and we  do  not
meet in August.          1 July, 2010 through 2 May 2011                

Bill Akers        Walt Beam         Brian Cowardin        Clint Cowardin  
Lee Crenshaw      Ray Crews         Jerold Evans          Michael Hendrick
Pat Hoggard       Don  and Karen Jewett*                                  
                  Crawley Joyner    Jack Kane             Andy Keller     
Mike Kidd         Peter Knowles,II  Lewis Mills           Conway Mocure   
Bob Moore         Joe Moschetti     Joe Price             Waite  Rawls    
Peyton Roden,Sr.  Cary Shelton      Chris Trinite         Walter Tucker   
Hugh Williams                                                             
*In memory of their son Chris

MAY 1861

(Sesquicentennial match dates) 3 President Jefferson Davis signed a bill passed by the Confederate Congress declaring war against the United States of America. 6 Legislatures of Arkansas and Tennessee passed secession ordinances. 9 The United States Naval Academy was moved from Annapolis to Newport, Rhode Island. 10 The Confederate government in Montgomery, Alabama placed Robert E. Lee in command of all Confederate troops in Virginia 14 Confederate soldiers commanded by Colonel Thomas J. Jackson seized several trains of the B& O Railroad and took them down the Valley Pike. 16 Tennessee was officially admitted to the Confederacy. 18 Arkansas was officially admitted to the Confederacy. 20 North Carolina seceded. The Confederate Congress voted to move the capital to Richmond. 22 Major General Benjamin F. Butler took took command of the Yankee Department of Virginia at Fort Monroe. 23 Voters of Virginia approved secession by a margin of 3 to 1. 24 Yankees occupied Alexandria, Virginia. Butler at Fort Monroe refused to release to Confederate officer John B. Cary three slaves who had come into Yankee lines, declaring them "contraband of war." 26 Yankee General George B. McClellan ordered three columns into western Virginia to protect the B&O Railroad. 29 Confederate President Jefferson arrived in Richmond. 30 Confederate General Pierre G. T. Beauregard was named to command troops in northern Virginia.


Visit Virginia 150 Sesquicentennial Events
VA Sesquicentennial Logo
May 21-22 - Fourteenth Annual Civil War Reenactment at Fort Pocahontas CHARLES CITY, Va., - - - - - - - - - On Saturday, May 21 and Sunday, May 22, 2011, Fort Pocahontas at Wilson's Wharf will come alive through Civil War living history, civilian presentations, guided fort tours and two battle reenactments. Located between Richmond and Williamsburg in Charles City, Virginia, the fort will be open from 10 a.m. until 4 p.m. each day. For more info:
May 21-22 - Spotsylvania, VA The Spotsylvania Courthouse area will come alive on May 21st and May 22nd for the "Battles of Spotsylvania 2011 Civil War Reenactment," a part of the ongoing commemoration associated with the 150th (Sesquicentennial) anniversary of the Civil War. The local community is invited to be a part of this living history happening. Approximately 8,000 spectators are anticipated, traveling to Spotsylvania from all parts of the globe. This event will have a strong family-focus. Kids will have the opportunity to visit camps and talk with some of the 700 re-enactors who are expected to participate. For more info:
On Memorial Day the 30th of May, the Lee Jackson Camp No 1 Sons of Confederate Veterans will host a commemoration of the service of Confederate soldiers at the Confederate War Memorial Chapel at the R.E Lee Camp Memorial Park at Boulevard and Grove Avenue (behind the Virginia Museum of Fine Arts). The program begins at 9 am with a concert of period music by the John Marshall H.S Alumni band. At 10 am the memorial service follows with presentation of the colors, pledges, recognition of guests, hymns and prayers. The featured speaker at the service is Abdul Haymes, chief guide to the White House of the Confederacy at the Museum of the Confederacy. His talk will be on Jefferson Davis. Mr Haymes is a cum laude graduate of Virginia Union University and a thirty-year veteran of the US Army. He has previously spoken at the US Capitol in honor of R.E. Lee and for the United Daughters of the Confederacy's national "Massing of the Flags."
June 11 - Annual Tour & Business Meeting - Gaines's Mills Battlefield Richmond Battlefields Association will hold its annual tour & meeting on Saturday, June 11, at the Gaines' Mill Battlefield. NPS historian Robert E.L. Krick will lead a walking tour of the battlefield with special emphasis on the newly acquired RBA property - the first preservation success on the Confederate side of Boatswain creek. Here the decisive charge of Hood's Texas Brigade broke the Union line. RBA's annual meeting will follow the 90 minute tour. This event is free and open to the public and will begin at 9:30 am. Follow the RBA signage on Watt House Road to on-site parking. Please carpool if possible. For more info:
Free shuttle transportation will be available.
Visit The American Civil War Center at Historic Tredegar and their Events Calendar
Visit the The Museum of the Confederacy Online and their Events Calendar for MOC Events Calendar
Pamplin Historical Park and The National Museum of the Civil War Soldier and their Special Events Calendar

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