ls-ls-nltr.jpg THE OLD WAR HORSE
VOLUME 13, ISSUE 6,           June 2011
SCV logo

A quick jump to the articles in this issue:
Commander's Comments, Adjutant's Report, June Program (next+more),
May Program (last), Camp Officers, Memorial SVC, Longstreet's First Corps, 1861 Events, Coming Events,


Well it does seem that the "dog days of summer" have  already  descended
on the City of Richmond, but honestly I suspect it is but a precursor of
what we can expect this summer  so  remember  to  always  keep  yourself
hydrated when working outside in these extreme temperatures.            

It  is  truly  a bit ironic that as I am writing my comments, it is June
10th - D-Day plus 4!  It has been called by  historians  as  the  single
largest amphibious assault on the European continent - where causalities
were as high in many units as they  were  during  the  War  Between  the
States.   The  city  of  Bedford,  Virginia  near my hometown of Roanoke
suffered the highest causality figures of any community  in  America  on
D-Day,  and  the  good  people  of  the area have honored those "Boys of
Bedford" and all of their comrades with a wonderful  memorial  in  their
honor.  The D-Day Memorial is still suffering from a lack of funding and
so far the National Park Service has made no  commitment  to  take  over
management  and  daily  running  of the Memorial - we need to visit this
wonderful memorial to those veterans who deserve our support any way  we
can show it.                                                            

The remembrance and preservation of our Southern history is what being a
member of the Sons of Confederate Veteran's is all about -  I  sometimes
think  that  some  of  our  members  forget that, but the bottom line is
simple - if we don't work towards preserving and remembering our history
- who will ??  Our children??  Our families??  Our friends??  Maybe, but
then again maybe not - regardless we can't take that chance.            

For those members who may not have been  aware  -  the  Longstreet  camp
Executive  committee  has  formed  a separate committee for generating a
slate of new officers for the coming year.  Anyone who is interested  in
becoming  a  part of the Camp's Executive Committee is encouraged to let
their interests be known to  any  member  of  the  Longstreet  Executive
Committee.   This  is something that I strongly feel needs to be done if
the camp is going to continue to move forward, and the response of "Well
why  change  things-everything's  fine  the  way  it is" is no longer an
acceptable answer.                                                      

I appreciate Taylor Cowardin filling  in  for  me  at  the  last  minute
recently  at  the  Douglas  S.  Freeman Senior awards program to present
this year's Buck Hurtt scholarship award to  winner  Eric  Kramer.   I'm
sure  that  Taylor will fill us all in on this year's winner at our next
Camp meeting.                                                           

I  have  mentioned this in a previous Commander's Comments but I feel it
is worth stating again - As we continue with our struggle of  trying  to
save  our  history  and  our  heritage,  I am reminded of what the great
reporter Edward R.  Murrow once said - "We can deny our heritage and our
history, but we cannot escape responsibilities for the results".  I dare
say that the leaders of our fair city should take heed to Mr.   Murrow's
words - as should others as well.                                       

Remember - "Longstreet is the Camp boys - Longstreet is the Camp!"

I look forward to seeing everyone at our next camp meeting!

Deo Vindice!                       


We extend our sympathy to Paul Sacra upon the passing of his father.    

We were pleased to induct Phil Jones at our May meeting. Phil's realtive
was Sgt. Charles M. Lasley, NC 21st, Co. D "Forsyth Rifles" (right).    

The certified membership application of Glenn Mozingo has been mailed to
Headquarters.   Upon  receipt  of  his  membership  certificate we shall
schedule an induction ceremony.  Glenn's ancestor  James  Gideon  Norman
served in Company B of the 7th Virginia Infantry.  Thanks to Dave Thomas
for recommending Longstreet Camp to Glenn.                              

Some eyebrows were raised in February when those attending the Museum of
the  Confederacy  Person  of  the  Year 1861 conference selected Abraham
Lincoln as the most influential person.  Perspective can  be  gained  by
looking at some Time Magazine choices:                                  

        Wallis Simpson                          1937         
        Adolf Hitler                            1938         
        Joseph Stalin                           1939 and 1942
        Nikita Khruschev                        1957         
        Ayatoollah Khomeini                     1979         
        Yuri Andropov and Ronald Reagan         1983         

The Confederate Chapel was filled for the Memorial Day  program.   Abdul
Haymes,  chief  tour guide of the Museum of the Confederacy, spoke about
Jefferson Davis.  The John Marshall High School High School Alumni  Band
provided  spirited  and  moving music prior to the activities inside the

The Sesquicentennial Conference at Virginia Tech 21 May was outstanding.
Bud  Robertson  opened by pointing out the disparities between the North
and South, the tiny size of the U.  S.  Army  (16,000),  and  Washington
being an insignificant city, described by a northerner as "a monument to

Dennis Frye, National Park Service historian at Harper's Ferry,  pointed
out  that  Harper's  Ferry  was  a  rallying  cry  for  Souherners,  who
considered  John  Brown's  raid   an   invasion.    Homeland   security,
particularly  in  Virginia,  accelerated following the raid.  Clauses in
the secession ordinances of three states referred to invasion.          

Richard Sommers contrasted the pre-War army with today's.  There was  no
internal  selection  policy, no retirement, no pension, and consequently
no incentive to leave the service.  General  Winfield  Scott  was  older
than  the  Constitution.   The  commissary  general  was  older than the
Declaration of Independence and had held his position since 1818.He died
in  September  1861  at the age of 86.  Sommers stated that there was no
system of education for active officers after they left West Point.  The
Army was based on experience, rather than education.  He did say that we
should not adopt a morally superior attitude toward citizens  of  bygone

Jack  Davis  stated that the Eastern theater got more attention not only
because of significant, large battles, but because both capitals were in
the  east  and  the  press  was  concentrated  in  the  east.  Davis, in
introducing the  Western  theater,  pointed  out  that  Leonidas  Polk's
attacking  Columbus,  Kentucky  was  a  gigantic mistake and gave U.  S.
Grant an excuse to capture Paducah, at the confluence of  the  Ohio  and
Tennessee  Rivers..  Control of the Mississippi and the Tennessee Rivers
gave the Union highways into the Confederacy.                           

Gary Gallagher told us that the Yankees' goal in the later years of  The
War  was  to  defeat  Lee's Army, rather than to capture the Confederate
capital.  The Army of Northern Virginia was badly mauled at  Gettysburg,
but  it  was not despondent.  Meade dithered at Williamsport in a manner
reminiscent of McClellan.  Lincoln wrote a letter to Meade  on  14  July
expressing his disappointment, but never sent it.                       

Joe Glaathaar cited three advantages of the Confederacy in early 1864:  
        The battle record of the Army of Northern Virginia
        An election year in the Union                     
        Robert E. Lee                                     

Lincoln would not retract his Emancipation Proclamation.  He called  for
500,000  new  soldiers  in  June.  Grant wanted to invade North Carolina
with 60,000 soldiers and take Wilmington.   Lincoln  overruled  him  and
imposed  on him the destruction of Lee's Army.  Grant told his Armies to
live off the land.                                                      

Richard McMurry stated that Jefferson Davis had unrealstic  expectations
by  thinking that every Southerner would be as dedicated to the cause as
he was and that all generals would concur in whatever he wanted  to  do.
Army  departmental  commanders  acted  on  their  own.  Only Davis could
overrule them.                                                          

Steven Woodworth told us that the spring of 1864 saw  the  disagreements
between Jefferson Davis and Joseph E.  Johnston intensify.  Grant wanted
each Union army to keep relentless pressure  on  Confederate  opponents.
Sherman destroyed Southern society.                                     

Bud  Robertson and Jack Davis are to be highlty commended for assembling
this outstanding group of historians who focused on strategy in The  War
which  took  our ancestors from their homes and into the military forces
of the Confederate States of America.                                   







Our June Speaker will be Dave Goetz who will speak to us on the life and
times  of  John  Singleton  Mosby,  the  Gray  Ghost.   Mr.   Goetz is a
historian specializing in Mosby history  and  is  president  of  Mosby's
Confederacy Tours.  His web site is:                



Marc Ramsey is going to speak to us about the 7th SC Cavalry at the June
21th Meeting.                                                           



Richmond National Battlefield Park's Ashley Whitehead stated  that  most
people when they hear of the battle of Cold Harbor think of the terrible
bloodshed that took place in the  Yankee  assault  of  3  June  1864  In
reality  the  engagement  lasted  almost two weeks, from 31 May until 12

Tourists sometimes ask where the harbor is.  Harbor was an English  name
for a tavern.  Cold told people that only cold meals were available.    

Cold  Harbor was a stop on Yankee Lieutenant General Ulysses S.  Grant's
Overland Campaign which began at the Wilderness first week in May  1864.
Grant  moved  southeast as he attempted to get around Lee's right flank,
with battles at Spotsylvania, North Anna, and Totopotomoi Creek.        

Several roads converged at Cold Harbor.  Phil Sheridan's  cavalry,  with
Spencer  repeating rifles, took control of the crossroads on 31 May, but
pulled back when Lee sent  infantry  to  attack.   Sheridan  retook  the
location  after  receiving a message from General Grant, who was anxious
to  win  victories  in  the  summer  before  the  November  presidential

On  1 June Lee's infantry attacked piecemeal.  Colonel William S.  Truex
of the 1st Brigade of  Brigadier  General  James  B.   Ricketts's  Third
Division  of  Major General Horatio Wright's VI Corps sent troops into a
75 yard gap in the Confederate line.   The  Yankees  were  chased  back.
Truex was wounded.                                                      

Grant  brought  five  Yankee  corps together.  To make up for casualties
suffered so far in the Overland Campaign, there were  many  soldiers  in
bright shiny uniforms who had previously been sitting in forts defending
Washington DC.  Artillery of Winfield Scott Hancock's II Corps got stuck
in  the  mud,  delaying  his arrival until the afternoon of 2 June.  The
Yankees could hear the Confederates entrenching.  In  some  places,  the
battle lines were only 50 yards apart.                                  

On  3  June  there was bickering among Yankee corps commanders.  Ambrose
Burnside of the IX Corps and Gouverneur  Warren  of  the  V  Corps  were
feuding.   Horatio Wright's VI Corps assaulted, followed by the II Corps
commanded by Hancock.  Confederates reinforced and repulsed the Yankees.
The  XVIII  Corps  of  William  F.   "Baldy" Smith assaulted practically
alone.  The assault was over between noon and one o'clock.              

Both armies  remained  in  their  respective  trenches  for  nine  days,
enduring  terrible  sights  and smells.  The commanding generals did not
call a truce to bury the dead and recover  the  wounded  until  7  June.
Yankee newspapers criticized Grant for his neglect of his wounded men.  

On  11  June  Grant began withdrawing men.  To confuse the Confederates,
campfires were lighted, and troops beat on trees with pots and pans.    

The Yankees, unknown to Lee, crossed the James River on 12 June and went
to  Petersburg..   When the Yankees saw the entrenchments at Petersburg,
they thought of Cold Harbor and were not anxious to attack.  As Lee  had
predicted, the war in Virginia deteriorated into a siege.               

Cold  Harbor was Lee's last victory.  His first as commanding general of
the Army of Northern Virginia had been at nearby Gaines's Mill  27  June

April meeting attendance: 34


Commander: Michael Kidd 270-9651 1st. Lt. Cmdr.: Taylor Cowardin 359-9277 2nd Lt. Cmdr.: Thomas G. Vance 334-3745 Adjutant/Treasurer: Walter Tucker 360-7247 Judge Advocate: Harry Boyd 741-2060 Quartermaster: R. Preston Nuttall 276-8977 Chaplain: Henry V. Langford 474-1978


War Horse editor & Webmaster: Gary F. Cowardin 262-0534 Website:

June 4th, 2011
Our Longstreet #1247 Camp Helped the VA DIV SCV
Celebrate the 17th Annual National Jefferson Davis Memorial Service
(We suppplied sound and power so the 300+ in attendance could hear at Hollywood Cemetery.)

Near the end of the program was a 21 rifle AND a 21 cannon salute!



Longstreet Camp Donors to  Virginia  Division  Special  Funds,  Old  War
Horse, Hurtt Scholarship Fund, and Longstreet Camp General Fund.  As you
know, our cumulative listing starts in July of each year and we  do  not
meet in August.          1 July, 2010 through 7 June 2011               

Bill Akers        Walt Beam         Brian Cowardin        Clint Cowardin  
Lee Crenshaw      Ray Crews         Jerold Evans          Michael Hendrick
Pat Hoggard       Don  and Karen Jewett*                                  
Ben Marchi        Crawley Joyner    Jack Kane             Andy Keller     
Mike Kidd         Peter Knowles,II  Lewis Mills           Conway Mocure   
Bob Moore         Joe Moschetti     Joe Price             Waite  Rawls    
Peyton Roden,Sr.  Cary Shelton      Chris Trinite         Walter Tucker   
Hugh Williams                                                             
*In memory of their son Chris

JUNE 1861

(Sesquicentennial match dates) 2 P. G. T. Beauregard took command of Confederate forces in northern Virginia on the Alexandria line. 3 Yankees surprised Confederates at Philippi, (western) Virginia, in an action called the Philippi Races because of the fleeing Confederates. 6 Brigadier General (and Former Virginia Governor) Henry A. Wise took command of Confederate troops in the Kanawha Valley. 8 Tennessee voters approved secession 104,913 to 47,238. The eastern part of the stae voted against by a margin of two to one. 10 Confederates repulsed Yankees at Big Bethel, VA. 11 Delegates representing pro-Union elements in Virginia met at Wheeling to organize a pro-Union government that eventually became the state of West Virginia. 15 Confederates under Joseph E. Johnston evacuated Harpers Ferry.. 19 At a conevntion in Wheeling Francis H. Pierpont was named provisional governor of Federa Virginia, which was to be come West Virginia. 29 At a special Yankee cabinet meeting General Irvin McDowell outlined his plans for attacking Confederates at Manassas. Winfield Scott explained his proposal for an expedition down the Mississippi River. Consensus gave a higher priority to Virginia. 30 CSS Sumter under the command of Raphael semmes ran the blockade at New Orleans and began her spectacular career as a commerce raider.


Visit Virginia 150 Sesquicentennial Events
VA Sesquicentennial Logo
Visit The American Civil War Center at Historic Tredegar and their Events Calendar
Visit the The Museum of the Confederacy Online and their Events Calendar for MOC Events Calendar
Pamplin Historical Park and The National Museum of the Civil War Soldier and their Special Events Calendar

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