THE OLD WAR HORSE
THE VOICE OF GENERAL JAMES LONGSTREET CAMP #1247, SONS OF CONFEDERATE VETERANS
VOLUME 14, ISSUE 2, February 2012
I enjoyed seeing everyone at the January meeting. William Connery gave a very interesting talk about Robert E. Lee. 1st Lt. Commander Andy Keller has done an outstanding job lining up speakers for the camp in 2012. If you haven't been to a meeting in a while you should definitely try to attend one soon. I am looking forward to this month's program about the treasures from Gettysburg Battlefield Park Museum. This will be a fascinating program and one you should bring a guest to see. As always, I am available to hear your suggestions about activities, programs and events that would benefit the camp. Send me an email or give me a call! I hope to see you at the next meeting! Taylor
The January 14 Lee-Jackson Day parade in Lexington drew either 300 or 1,500 marchers, depending on the news source. A special drawing card this year was a protest against the Lexington City Council's banning from city owned poles of all flags except those of America, Virginia, and the City of Lexington. The latter does not exist. The ban includes flags of Washington and Lee and VMI. A third engine of the Lexington economy is tourism, which attracts visitors particularly interested in Robert E. Lee and Stonewall Jackson. A reason given for the banning of the Confederate batle flag is that it makes some people feel unwelcome. I feel most unwelcome in a city that bans the flag under which five of my ancestors served their nation. One was killed in battle; another spent a year as a prisoner of war. For several years our Camp has made donations to three organizations vital to the memory of our Confederate ancestors. The Museum of the Confederacy is led by our Camp member Waite Rawls, CEO, who keeps us informed about the Museum's activities and has us excited about the opening of the Museum's additional location in Appomattox on 31 March. The 15 year old Central Virgina Battlefields Trust, headquartered in Fredericksburg, has saved 890 acres of battlefield in that area where four famous battles took place. The Richmond Battlefields Association last year celebrated its tenth birthday and has saved many acres in this area, where two major campaigns of the War took place. On May 19 there will be a dedication of a monument to the Texas Brigade at Gaines's Mill. Our Camp has a connection to that brigade, since we had a grave marker dedication, spearheaded by our Lewis Mills, to one of its soldiers at Mt. Olivet Baptist Church, Beaverdam, in the year 2000. Information about these worthy organizations can be found on their web sites: www.moc.org www.cvbt.org www.saverichmondbattlefields.org Many thanks to Camp member Richard Chenery who noticed the terrible condition of the Confederate flag flying over the Confederate fortification preserved at the Brook Run shopping center on Brook Road (Route 1) north of Emmanuel Episcopal Church. Camp member Gene Golden was kind enough to take some pictures of the flags. The Virginia Beach owner of the shopping center maintains the site, but the flags were handled by an individual now deceased. After looking at other flag poles around town and conferring with the organizations flying flags, action will be taken to replace the Confederate flag and the American flag, which is also in bad shape. Despite living near that site and going to the shopping center often until 1998, I had never walked up to the fortification site to read the three information plaques. Two are about Confederates. The third calls attention to Gabriel's Insurrection, the slave revolt whose rendezvous point was just north of the shopping center where Brook Run crosses the road known in those days as the Brook Turnpike. Registration for the Virginia Division Convention in Virginia Beach 30 March - 1 April will cost $ 35.00 if made by 10 March and $ 45.00 if made thereafter. The ever lively John Quarstein will speak on the Battle of the Ironclads at Saturday's lunch. It is hoped that Camp members will make donations to the Old War Horse and the Buck Hurtt Scholarship Fund at our February meeting. Walter
ROMA'S RESTAURANT 8330 STAPLES MILL RD. LOCATED IN "THE SHOPS AT STAPLES MILL" TURN LEFT AT FIRST STOPLIGHT NORTH OF THE WISTAR SHOPPING CENTER DINNER - SOCIAL 6:00 PM MEETING STARTS AT 7:00 PM
Kyle Stetz "Witnesses to Gettysburg: Treasures from the Museum Collection" After almost 150 years, there are few tangible links to the Battle of Gettysburg. One such link is through the items in the museum collection of Gettysburg National Military Park. We'll discuss the campaign, battle, and aftermath using the items that witnessed these events. By understanding these museum items and the stories attached to them, we can get a better, but more importantly, a more personal connection to the events of July 1863. A native of western New York State, Kyle attended undergrad at the State University of New York at Fredonia as an Education and History major. He received a master's in Public History from the University of North Carolina at Greensboro. He has worked as a Living Historian and Seasonal Park Ranger at Gettysburg from 2006-2009 & 2011. Kyle currently resides, with his wife Nancy, in Charlottesville, Virginia.
William Connery offered a bit of alternative history by suggesting that if the Confederacy has won its independence Robert E. Lee would have been elected president. Jefferson Davis was elected to a single six year term in 1862. Connery pointed out that every president elected from 1868 (Grant) through 1900 (McKinley) had served in The War. Lee told Channing Smith "I cannot give Colonel Mosby any advice." His advice to all Confederate soldiers was "Go home and build up our shattered land." While residing at Derwent, Lee was offered the presidency of Washington College in Lexington. This has been suggested to the trustees by Episcopal priest and former Confederate General William Nelson Pendleton, who was serving as rector of Grace Episcopal Church, Lexington. Lee accepted on two conditions. He would teach no classes, citing his health. The college authorities needed to understand that he was under a cloud, not knowing what action, if any, the federal government might take against him. Lee sent his application for restoration of his citizenship to U. S. Army Commanding General U. S. Grant. Lee's application encouraged other Confederate veterans not already pardoned to apply for pardons. Grant forwarded Lee's application to President Andrew Johnson, and it disappeared. The papers turned up in 1975, and President Gerald Ford signed the restoration of Lee's citizenship. In a faculty meeting at Washington College a professor bad mouthed Grant, the 1868 Republican candidate for President. Lee said that if the professor did not withdraw those remarks, "Either you or I will have to resign." Lee solicited reminiscences from his generals, intending to write his memoirs. Considering his service as a soldier in the U. S. and Confederate armies, he wrote, "Circumstances change. George Washington fought for the King of England and then against him." As college president, Lee instituted practical courses. He wrote Lexington native Cyrus McCormick, who donated $ 10,000 to the college. Lee wrote Sir John (later Lord) Acton, "A strong central government will be aggressive abroad and despotic at home." The New York Herald suggested Lee for President of the U. S. in 1868. Lee took a trip south in the spring of 1870, during which he was met by adoring crowds. He handed out his last diplomas as college president 23 June 1870. When Lee died in October 1870, the northern lights appeared in the sky, something which according to legend happened only when kings and heroes died. Walter January Meeting Attendance: 22
2011-2012 CAMP OFFICERS LONGSTREET CAMP #1247Commander: Taylor Cowardin 359-9277 1st. Lt. Cmdr.: Andy Keller 270-0522 2nd Lt. Cmdr.: Paul Sacra 270-1292 Adjutant/Treasurer: Walter Tucker 360-7247 Judge Advocate: Harry Boyd 741-2060 Quartermaster: Gary Cowardin 262-0534 Chaplain: Barton Campbell 794-4562 Chaplain Emeritus: Henry Langford
PUBLICATIONSWar Horse editor & Webmaster: Gary Cowardin email@example.com 262-0534 Website: longstreetscv.org
Longstreet Camp Donors to Virginia Division Special Funds, Old War Horse, Hurtt Scholarship Fund, and Longstreet Camp General Fund. As you know, our cumulative listing starts in July of each year and we do not meet in August. 1 July, 2011 through 8 February 2012 Marian and Walt Beam Barton Campbell Richard Chenery Brian Cowardin Clint Cowardin Lee Crenshaw Ray Crews Michael Hendrick Crawley Joyner Jack Kane Peter Knowles,III Lewis Mills Conway Mocure Bob Moore Glenn Mozingo Joe Price Waite Rawls Peyton Roden,Sr. Cary Shelton Chris Trinite Walter Tucker Hugh Williams Keith Zimmerman
February 18626 Confederates surrendered Fort Henry, on the Cumberland River. 7 General Albert Sidney Johnston ordered Generals John B. Floyd and Gideon Pillow to Fort Donelson. 8 Yankee General Ambrose Burnside defeated ill Confederate General Henry A. Wise's troops at Roanoke Island, acquiring control of Pamlico Sound. 9 Yankee Brigadier General Charles P. Stone, the loser at Ball's Bluff, was arrested in Washington DC and sent as a prisoner without charges to Fort Hamilton, NY. 13-14-15 Yankee ground forces and gunboats attacked Fort Donelson. 16 Nathan Bedford Forrest and cavalrymen escaped from Fort Donelson. Floyd and Pillow departed, leaving General Simon Bolivar Buckner to surrender to U. S. Grant. 17 Grant was promoted to Major General. 20 Confederates abandoned Columbus, KY, no longer defensible after the fall of Forts Henry and Donelson. 22 Jefferson Davis was inaugurated as President of the Confederate States of America. 23 Lincoln named Andrew Johnson as military governor of Tennessee. 24 Yankees under Nathaniel Banks occupied Harpers Ferry. 25 Yankees occupied Nashville, which became capital of Tennessee, USA. 26 Lincoln signed the Loan and Treasury Bill, which created a national currency of U. S. notes.
March 18622 Final Confederate units under Leonidas Polk abandoned Columbus, KY. 8 Yankees under Curtis concluded the three day battle of Pea Ridge (Elkhorn Tavern), MO by defeating Van Dorn's Confederates. CSS Virginia destroyed Yankee vessels in Hampton Roads. 9 CSS Virginia and USS Monitor fought to a draw in the world's first battle of ironclads. 11 Lincoln removed McClellan as General in Chief of all Yankee Armies, but retained him in command of the Department and Army of the Potomac. 14 Yankees under Burnside captured New Bern, NC. Yankees under Pope captured New Madrid, MO. 17 McClellan began embarking the Army of the Potomac at Alexandria en route to the James and York Rivers in what became the Peninsula Campaign. 18 Judah Benjamin, criticized as Confederate Secretary of War, became Secretary of State. George Wythe Randolph became Secretary of War.
COMING EVENTSVisit Virginia 150 Sesquicentennial Events www.virginiacivilwar.org/events.php
Visit the The Museum of the Confederacy Online www.moc.org and their Events Calendar for MOC Events Calendar
Pamplin Historical Park and The National Museum of the Civil War Soldier www.pamplinpark.org and their Special Events Calendar