ls-ls-nltr.jpg THE OLD WAR HORSE
VOLUME 14, ISSUE 3,           March 2012
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A quick jump to the articles in this issue:
Commander's Comments, Adjutant's Report, March Program (next), February Program (last),
Camp Officers, Longstreet's First Corps, 1861 Events (Mar,Apr), CW Photo Links, Coming Events,


There are several events coming up in the next several  months  which  I
encourage you to attend.  The first two events occur at the same time in
different parts of the state so it will be difficult to  attend  both.It
would  be  great  to have members of the Longstreet Camp at both events.
One of the events is the 53rd Virginia Division SCV Convention which  is
being  held  in  Hampton  Roads  and  hosted  by  the  Princess Anne and
Stonewall Camps from March 30th through April 1st.  We need delegates to
attend  the convention to vote on behalf of the Longstreet Camp.  Please
let me or Walter know if you plan on attending and we will  make  you  a
delegate  of the Longstreet Camp!  More information about the convention
can be found at    The other event is the
grand opening of the Museum of the Confederacy's new site at Appomattox.
This historic event will occur on March 31st with historians and  fellow
Confederates  gathering  from  across  the  country  to celebrate.  More
information       on       this       can       be       found        at   Another event which I
encourage you to attend is dedication of a  monument  for  Hood's  Texas
Brigade  at  Gaines'  Mill Battlefield on Saturday, May 19th.  I plan on
being in attendance and hope you will too.  If you plan on attending let
me  know.   We  already  have  a small delegation going and the more the

We are fortunate to have JEB Stuart IV as a speaker  this  month  and  I
hope you will attend.  He is a fine southern gentleman and I am sure you
will learn something new about the famous general.  What  better  source
than his great grandson!                                                



We welcome as a Longstreet Camp cadet member L.   Turner  Cowardin,  II,
son of our Commander L.  Taylor Cowardin and grandson of Brian Cowardin.
Since Turner will be less than three months old on the date  of  our  20
March  meeting, we plan to present his membership certificate, card, and
lapel pin to Taylor at that meeting.                                    

Ray Crews suffered a stroke and hopes to be with us at our next meeting.
Ray  has  been  one  of our most regular attendees at meetings, so we've
really missed him.  We always want to remember our faithful members  who
rarely or never attend because of health or age.  Ben Baird's health has
been poor for some time.  Henry  Langford  and  Hugh  Williams  live  in
retirement  homes.   Harold  Whitmore still lives at home.  Henry, Hugh,
and Harold all served in the Army in World War Two.  We also  appreciate
our faithful members who live out of town.                              

Many  thanks  to  several  members who made donations to the Camp at our
February  meeting.   The  donations  were  divided  between  the   Hurtt
Scholarship Fund, the Old War Horse, and general Camp donations.        

A  number of our Camp members attended the SCV Sesquicentennial Heritage
rally at the Lee Monument on Saturday 25 February.   Our  Gary  Cowardin
set  up  the  sound  system.   Gene Golden took a lot of pictures.  Marc
Ramsey, a member of JEB Stuart Camp # 1343 who has spoken to  our  Camp,
had  a  good  letter published in the Richmond Times-Dispatch on 3 March
regarding St.  Paul's Episcopal Church canceling at the last  minute  an
SCV  event  scheduled  there.   Published on that same date was a letter
from a gentleman in North Chesterfield criticizing a unit in the  parade
which was chanting "Kill Yankees!  How many?  All of them!" That sort of
thing does not help our SCV.                                            

Also on 25 February the Museum of the Confederacy held at the Library of
Virginia  the  Person  of  the  Year  1862  symposium.  Five outstanding
historians spoke for their candidates.  The attendees then voted on  the
choices.   I guessed ahead of time who the choices would be for three of
the five.  Their choices were:                                          

    Speaker			Person of the year	#votes	%vote
    (in order of appearance)                                     
    Robert K. Krick             Stonewall Jackson       25	17.7
    David Blight                Frederick Douglass      20	14.2
    James McPherson             David Glasgow Farragut  13	 9.2
    Jack Mountcastle            George B. McClellan     12	 8.5
    Emory Thomas                Robert E. Lee           71	50.4
                                                        ---	----
                                        Totals         141	100%

It was pleasing to see that Lee  got  a  majority  of  the  votes.   The
choices  which  surprised  me  were  Farragut  and  McClellan.  Farragut
captured New Orleans, which  McPherson  said  was  the   most  important
Yankee victory of the year.  Mountcastle emphasized McClellan's building
up the Army of the Potomac twice.                                       

Each speaker was interesting and informative.  I  attended  last  year's
symposium  and  am  looking forward to next year's program.  Waite Rawls
and John Coski are to be highly commended for these programs.           

The  Museum  of  the  Confederacy  is  scheduled  to  dedicate  its  new
Appomattox facility on 31 March.  Waite has spoken to several SCV camps,
including Longstreet, about this new venture for the Museum.            

The Virginia Division of the SCV has its Convention in Virginia Beach 30
March-1  April.   Most action will occur Saturday 31 March when Division
officers for the next two years  will  be  elected  and  other  business
conducted.   A  family obligation will keep me from attending, so I hope
that we will have at least one delegate.  We have eight  votes  and  can
have  up  to seven delegates.  Let me know when you register, so that we
can complete the credentials form at our March meeting.                 

A highlight of the Convention will be the  ever  lively  John  Quarstein
speaking  about  the CSS Virginia-USS Monitor battle of the ironclads at
Saturday's lunch.  That battle changed  naval  operations  forever.   To
call  the Virginia by its U.  S.  Navy name of Merrimac is equivalent to
calling the U.  S.  Coast Guard training  bark  Eagle  by  its  original
German  name  of  Horst  Wessel.   Blohm and Voss of Hamburg built Horst
Wessel, which was launched 13 June 1936.  The  United  States  took  the
ship  as a reparation after World War Two and commissioned it as a Coast
Guard ship 15 May 1946.  My ship USS Betelgeuse (AK-260) was in  Bermuda
the  same  time as Eagle in the summer of 1955.  Several shipmates and I
wanted to go aboard Eagle, but were not allowed to  do  so,  because  we
were wearing our regular shoes and they only allowed tennis shoes.      

Look forward to seeing you Tuesday, 20 March.                           


NEXT MEETING - TUESDAY, March 20, 2012




JEB Stuart IV
"Major General J.E.B. Stuart"

Our March 20th chapter meeting promises to be a good one.  We gather  to
celebrate  the  Spring  Equinox and to welcome JEB Stuart IV back to our
camp.  Mr.  Stuart's presentation will be  centered  on  "Major  General
J.E.B.   Stuart,  The  Prewar  Years-  the  Making  of the Man." It will
briefly cover the years 1833 to 1861-  His  education  as  a  young  man
including  two  years at Emory & Henry College, his four year West Point
experience from 1850 to 1854, his assignment to the U.S.  Mounted Rifles
in  Texas  from  1854-1855,  his  assignment  to  the  U.S.  1St Cavalry
Regiment in Missouri and Kansas from 1855 to 1861.                      


Kyle Stetz, formerly of the Gettysburg National Military  Park,  defined
an  artifact  as  an  item  connecting  us  to history.  His Power Point
presentation showed us pictures of many artifacts in the  Park's  Museum
and Visitors Center, and his stories gave them a human connection.  This
writeup cannot do justice to his interesting program.                   

Just a few of the Gettysburg artifacts Kyle depicted and discussed were:

	Robert E. Lee's field desk.                                     

Canteen belonging to John B.  Cooke of the 95th  PA  Volunteers.   Cooke
was later wounded at sailors Creek.  At the surrender he gave a drink of
water from his canteen to a wounded Confederate soldier.                

	Drum belonging to Henry Mayo, who was killed.  On the bottom  of
	the  drum  are  Mayo's  name inscribed by him and blood from his
	mortal wound.                                                   

	Cartridge box belonging to A. H. Odell of the 5th Alabama.      

	A Gettysburg tailor's sign with bullet holes in it.             

	Sharpe's rifle belonging to a soldier of Company G of the 1st US
	(Berdan's) Sharpshooters.                                       

	Coat of Captain James Patterson of the 148th PA.                

	Table from the McCreary house on which lay John Poole of the 9th
	LA, who was shot and killed in the house.                       

	Fence post from the Emmitsburg Road with embedded bullets.      

	Headquarters  flag  of  Kemper's  Brigade,  Pickett's  Division,
	captured  by  Yankee  Walter  Van  Rensselaer.   BGEN J.  Lawson
	Kemper was badly wounded and captured in the famous charge.   He
	was exchanged, but was unfit for further field service. Promoted
	to MGEN, he commanded Virginia reserve forces until  War's  end.
	He  served as Governor of Virginia in the 1870's and lived until

	Dr.  John W.  C.  O'Neill's ledger of  locations  of  bodies  of
	Confederate  soldiers  buried  in  Gettysburg.   This ledger was
	invaluable in identifying remains for their return to the  South
	in the 1870's.                                                  

Kyle's interesting presentation stimulated  in  us  a  desire  to  visit
Gettysburg  and see the artifacts themselves, which will be so much more
meaningful that pictures.                                               

February Meeting Attendance: 35


Commander: Taylor Cowardin 359-9277 1st. Lt. Cmdr.: Andy Keller 270-0522 2nd Lt. Cmdr.: Paul Sacra 270-1292 Adjutant/Treasurer: Walter Tucker 360-7247 Judge Advocate: Harry Boyd 741-2060 Quartermaster: Gary Cowardin 262-0534 Chaplain: Barton Campbell 794-4562 Chaplain Emeritus: Henry Langford


War Horse editor & Webmaster: Gary Cowardin 262-0534 Website:



Longstreet Camp Donors to  Virginia  Division  Special  Funds,  Old  War
Horse, Hurtt Scholarship Fund, and Longstreet Camp General Fund.  As you
know, our cumulative listing starts in July of each year and we  do  not
meet in August.          1 July, 2011 through 8 March 2012           

Marian and Walt Beam   Barton Campbell   Richard Chenery 
Brian Cowardin         Clint Cowardin                    
Lee Crenshaw           Ray Crews         Michael Hendrick 
Don and Karen Jewett in memory of their son Chris         
Crawley Joyner         Jack Kane         Peter Knowles,III
Lewis Mills            Conway Mocure     Bob Moore        
Glenn Mozingo          Joe Price         Waite  Rawls     
Peyton Roden,Sr.       Cary Shelton      Chris Trinite    
Walter Tucker          Hugh Williams     Keith Zimmerman  

March 1862

2 Final Confederate units under Leonidas Polk abandoned Columbus, KY. 8 Yankees under Curtis concluded the three day battle of Pea Ridge (Elkhorn Tavern), MO by defeating Van Dorn's Confederates. CSS Virginia destroyed Yankee vessels in Hampton Roads. 9 CSS Virginia and USS Monitor fought to a draw in the world's first battle of ironclads. 11 Lincoln removed McClellan as General in Chief of all Yankee Armies, but retained him in command of the Department and Army of the Potomac. 14 Yankees under Burnside captured New Bern, NC. Yankees under Pope captured New Madrid, MO. 17 McClellan began embarking the Army of the Potomac at Alexandria en route to the James and York Rivers in what became the Peninsula Campaign. 18 Judah Benjamin, criticized as Confederate Secretary of War, became Secretary of State. George Wythe Randolph became Secretary of War. 23 Stonewall Jackson's Valley Campaign opened with the first battle of Kernstown. This encouraged Lincoln to withdraw Banks's Yankees from McClellan and to keep McDowell's large corps south of Washington instead of sending them to McClellan. 24 Yankee Congress continued discussion of compensated emancipation, which never got anywhere. 27 Joe Johnston was ordered to reinforce the Confederates on the Peninsula under John Bankhead Magruder. 28 Fighting occurred at Glorieta, New Mexico. 29 At Corinth, MS Confederate armies of Kentucky and Missippi were consolidated under Albert Sidney Johnston with Beauregard second in command.

April 1862

5 Yankee siege of Yorktown began. 6-7 Yankees won battle of Shiloh. A. S. Johnston was killed. 8 Confederates at New Madrid Bend or Island No. 10 surrendered. 9 Confederate Senate passed a conscription bill. 10 Lincoln approved the joint congressional resolution calling for gradual emancipation of slaves by the states. Nothing ever came of it, because representatives of slave states in the Union refused to accept it. 11 Fort Pulaski, near Savannah GA fell to Yankees under Quincy Gilmore. 12 The Great Locomotive Chase took place in Georgia. It was more of an adventure story than a military operation. 16 Jefferson Davis approved the conscription act.

Some Civil War Photography Links

From the Atlantic Monthly Column "In Focus" by Allen Taylor; Last year marked the 150th anniversary of the start of the American Civil War, a milestone commemorated by The Atlantic in a special issue . Although photography was still in its infancy, war correspondents produced thousands of images, bringing the harsh realities of the frontlines to those on the home front in a new and visceral way. As brother fought brother and the nation's future grew uncertain, the public appetite for information was fed by these images from the trenches, rivers, farms, and cities that became fields of battle. Below are links to three series of photographs. Part 1 of 3, covers the places of the Civil War: the battleships, prisons, hospitals, urban centers, and rural pastures where history was made. Part 2 of 3 features some of the people involved in the conflict, and Part 3 shares some of the amazing three-dimensional stereographs of the war. Keep in mind, as you view these photographs, that they were taken 150 years ago -- providing a glimpse of a United States that was only 85 years old at the time. Andy Keller


Visit Virginia 150 Sesquicentennial Events
VA Sesquicentennial Logo
Visit the The Museum of the Confederacy Online >>>>> Reminder - The Museum of the Confederacy-Appomattox Grand opening Saturday, 3/31 <<<<<< and their Events Calendar for MOC Events Calendar
Pamplin Historical Park and The National Museum of the Civil War Soldier and their Special Events Calendar

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